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Currency: 60 Kreuzer = 1 Gulden, after 1875 100 Pfennig = 1 Mark
1 k black (the so-called 'Schwarze Einser' 1 k yellow 1 k red 3 k blue 3 k red 6 k brown 6 k blue 9 k green 9 k brown 12 k red 12 k green 18 k yellow 18 k red
For the specialist: these stamps (exept the 1 kr black) have silk threads. Note that the 1 k black has a slightly different design.
Value of the stamps
vc = very common c = common * = not so common ** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon R = rare RR = very rare RRR = extremely rare
|1 k black||RRR||RRR|
|1 k yellow||***||**|
|1 k red||**||**|
|3 k blue||**||c|
|3 k red||***||c|
|6 k brown||**||c||Two types|
|6 k blue||***||*|
|9 k green||***||*|
|9 k brown||***||**|
|12 k red||R||R|
|12 k green||***||***|
|18 k yellow||R||R|
|18 k red||R||R|
('Mühlrad' or millwheel cancel, two types)
There are two types of the 'Millwheel' cancel, the open millwheel ('Offener Mühlrad') or the closed millwheel ('Geschlossener Mühlrad').
Some numbers and their corresponding towns for the Closed Millwheel cancels:
111: Gollheim (Pfalz)
(I have also seen this forgery uncancelled)
(Two forgeries with the same cancel, probably made by the same forger)
I suspect the following stamps to be Fournier forgeries:
The cancel on the one of the 12 k and the 18 k is 'PASSAU VII 19 4' in a half-circle as in the Fournier album of philatelic forgeries. The cancel on two of the 12 k forgeries is '269' millwheel (also in this album). He also seems to have used the cancel 'PASSAU 7A 8 5' in a half-circle and several other millwheel cancels. I cannot discover a silkthread on the above forgeries. He offered 6 values (among them the above stamps and a 1 kr black) for 6 Swiss Francs in his 1914 Pricelist. Another 1 kr was offered as 'choix extra' for 5 Swiss Francs.
(Genuine 18 kr stamp?)
According to 'The Forged Stamps of all Countries' by J.Dorn the upper left half of the '8' of the central '18' should be like in the picture above. But be careful, I have seen recent a Peter Winter forgery with this right upper left half!
The forger Peter Winter also made forgeries of the 1 k stamp, examples:
(Peter Winter forgeries)
(Peter Winter forgeries, reduced sizes)
(Tete-beche with 'Zwischensteg' or empty space between the two stamps)
I have seen these Peter Winter forgeries with printed normally and with blurred print (see picture above). I have seen them often with the '107' wheel-cancel. I've also seen some Winter forgeries of the 1 k black value with a wheel-cancel '49'. These forgeries were made in the 1980's, they don't look very 'old'.
(A pair of Peter Winter forgeries of the 18 k red stamps)
Forgeries on cover:
A similar letter with four 18 kr forgeries and the same cancel 'DEGGENDORF 23 5' and numeral cancel '49' can be found at Bill Claghorn's website: http://members.tripod.com/claghorn1p/Bavaria/Front1.htm. Everything seems to be forged, even the letter itself. This is probably a product of Peter Winter as well.
(This forgery has an extra outer outline, it seems to have written 'replik' on the backside)
(Front and backside of Sperati's reproduction 'C')
Sperati made three different forgeries of the 1 k stamp (reproduction 'A', 'B' and 'C'); I do not know the distinghuishing characteristics for these forgeries.
('Faksimile 1991' tete beche stamps, reduced sizes)
A block of four 4 k blue reprints, from the 'original stones' made in 1961
For issues of Bavaria in the period 1867 to 1876 click here.