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BAVARIA 1849 issue forgeries of the 1 kr black, part 1

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Currency: 60 Kreuzer = 1 Gulden, after 1875 100 Pfennig = 1 Mark


Certifiied genuine
Certified genuine 1 k black stamps

The rare 1 k black has been the target of most forgers (more than 20 different kinds of forgeries exist), but the 12 k and 18 k values were also forged.

The genuine 1 k black has:
1) A white lozenge in the upper right corner which connects to the white inner frameline.


Test 1, the white lozenge.

2) There is a small space with ornaments between the large "1" and "BAYERN". The top of the "1" is slanting slightly backwards.

3) The right bottom corner of the central design shows a "SS" ornament.

Forgeries:

Bavaria 1849 issue, forgeries of the 1 kr black value, part 2

Examples:

Forgery!

Illustration from an old French stamp album
This forgery is apparently based on an illustration in an old French stamp album (second image)

A forgery with a circle around th '1'!
This forgery has a white circle around the "1", the genuine stamp does not have this.


This forgery has the background behind the small "1"s in the corners different from the genuine stamps. It is listed as forgery VII by the German Philatelic Society.


Two forgeries, possibly made by the same forger. Note the short right leg of the second "R" of "KREUZER". I presume this is forgery Type VIII or Type I of the German Philatelic Society.


The background pattern behind the large "1" in the center is too coarse. The black frame around "FRANCO" is tilting downwards at the right (behind the "O"), instead of being vertical. This forgery is also described as forgery Type XX by the German Philatelic Society.


(I have also seen this forgery uncancelled)

Some forgeries have the top of the large "1" too close to the label with "BAYERN"; the ornaments between the "1" and this label have completely or partly disappeared:


Example of a forgery with the large "1" too close to the label with "BAYERN". The letters "ERN" of "BAYERN" are placed closer to each other than in the genuine stamps. This forgery is also described as forgery Type IV by the German Philatelic Society.


I presume this is forgery V indentified as such by the by the German Philatelic Society. The central part of the "E" of "EIN" is too short. In some of the forgeries of this type that I have seen, there is a black vertical line in the white space above the left part of the "R" of "FRANCO". The vertical part of the "R" of "FRANCO" has a break in the middle. I've also seen this forgery cancelled with a pattern of black parallel lines.


A forgery with all "E"s too narrow.


Forgery based on a photograph(?). With "Faksimile" at the bottom left and on the back.


A rather deceptive 'reprint'


Forgery with the "1"s in the corners too small; also the background pattern behind the large "1" is different from a genuine stamp.


Another forgery, note the different background pattern, especially to the upper left of the large "1".

 

'Reprint' made in 1920, together with genuine stamps and the last Bavaria stamp on a postcard:


Rather badly done forgery, also in a pair of two with a large space in between. The "N" of "BAYERN" is very badly done. All "R"s are pretty clumsy. There are dots on top of the "A" of 'FRANCO" (but not always?). This forgery is also described as forgery Type XIII by the German Philatelic Society. It is said there that this forgery often occurs with a "159" numeral cancel. I've seen them on several souvenir cards.
Note that the background pattern behind the large "1" is different from a genuine stamp.

Faksimile 1991:


('Faksimile 1991' tete beche stamps, reduced sizes)


Here pasted on a forged old letter. The "243" cancel is also forged. I've seen exactly the same letter (same handwriting and "Nurnberg" cancel but with the forgery placed in a slightly different spot).

In 1987 a minisheet was issued to commemorate the birthday of Peter Haseney, the designer of the first stamp of Bavaria. It has the 1 k black, 3 k blue and 6 k brown facsimiles printed on it. The text at the bottom of each stamp is 'Facsimile'(?). The text on the minisheet is '175. Geburtstag von Peter Haseney, dem Schopfer der ersten deutschen Briefmarke'. The minisheet was printed by Gehringer.


"Reprints" with inscription "BUCHDRUCK-REPLIKAT DER BUNDESDRUCKEREI" at the back. It is very well done, but the lozenge in the upper right corner is closed instead of being connected to the white line (see the distinguishing characteristics above).


Another block of 4 reprints with "NACHDRUCK" printed at the back.


Photographic reproduction made in 1961, with "Reproduktion" printed at the back. The dots of the photograph are clearly visible when zoomed in. The 6 k brown was also made in a similar fashion (see there). Below the stamp at the back the text "15.Bundestag 62.Philatelistentag Nurnberg 1961" is printed.

 

Bavaria 1849 issue, forgeries of the 1 kr black value, part 2

For issues of Bavaria in the period 1867 to 1876 click here.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer