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(Genuine, reduced size on letter, image obtained from a Siegel auction)
'To the Post Office Every 2 hours from Johnson's Box 7 N. 10th St. Phila.' in a shield. This stamp is listed in the 'Standard Guide to Postage Stamp Collecting' (by Bellars and Davie, 1864). Originally this seems to have been a label, it has been reprinted by Hussey (forgeries also exist, by the way, I don't know which of the above pictures is a genuine stamp, a reprint or forgery, except for the one on cover, which is genuine).
(School postage Business Practice and College Postage)
Cut from an envelope? 'MESSENGER EXPRESS' head of Mercury:
(Sold on a Siegel auction)
('EASTERN EXPRESS CO. 35 COURT SQUARE BOSTON', label from an express company in Boston, apparently issued labels from 1857 to 1879)
('HARNDEN'S EXPRESS BOSTON NEW ORLEANS')
The Harnden's express operated a messenger service (by steamship?) from Boston to New York starting from 23th March 1840. Some labels issued by this company can be found at: http://alphabetilately.com/Mosher-2.html.
I have been able to find the stamps below in an old catalogue of 1864, but they are probably all bogus issues.
(Arthurs' City Express, reduced sizes)
(Chesuncook Lake Tourist Despatch, moose head 3 c brown)
Seems to have been used to carry mail from Chesuncook Lake to the nearest post office (around 1890?). A 1 c green should also exist (I have never seen it).
'International Letter Express Two Cents.' and 'International Express 2 Cents'. Both these stamps are listed in the 'Standard Guide to Postage Stamp Collecting' (by Bellars and Davie, 1864). They must have been issued before 1864.
(I've been told that this stamp in a slightly different type was made by Allan Taylor)
(Johnsons' Free P.O. Box Philadelphia)
Smith's City Express Post, Postage Two Cents' the word 'PAID.' below, colour blue. A similar stamp in green has been described in the 'Standard Guide to Postage Stamp Collecting' (by Bellars and Davie, 1864). They say it was supposed to be issued in New York. I have also seen this label in the colour orange (2 c) and black on greenish paper (2 c) or black on lilac paper (2 c).
(Another label of the same company, but with ornamental frame)
(Smith's City Express post, black on red, two different types; see positioning of the letters)
The inscription of the above stamp reads: 'DELIVERED BY SMITH'S CITY EXPRESS POST POSTAGE TWO CENTS. To be collected on delivery'; 2 c black on red. This stamp has been described in the 'Standard Guide to Postage Stamp Collecting' (by Bellars and Davie, 1864). They say it was supposed to be issued in New York.
Winan's City Post: A bomb(?) with wings surrounded by stars. I have also seen the values: 2 c black, 5 c black on yellow, 10 c black on green and 20 c black on red. This stamp is listed in the 'Standard Guide to Postage Stamp Collecting' (by Bellars and Davie, 1864) and is supposed to be issued in New York.
(Utica Express Co. bogus issue, reduced size, appeared about 1860)
(Utah Terr Postage)
The above stamp with inscription 'Utah Postage' is bogus also. They pretend to have been issued in 1852 and have the head of Brigham Young to the left in a circle; 'Utah' on top, 'Postage' below. This stamp also exists in blue. I have also seen a 8 c lilac in the same design. The stamp with inscription 'UTAH TERR.' is also a bogus stamp.
(Another 'stamp' from Utah: Murr's Express City Post Three Cents)
Turners Dispatch Paid One Cent
New Jersey Express Company, horse's head embossed, facing left, the middle stamp is listed in the 'Standard Guide to Postage Stamp Collecting' (by Bellars and Davie, 1864). These cuts(?) are issued in 1849.
(Langton's Pioneer Express Paid)
Labels were issued in 1863 by this company. However, bogus labels also exist (source: http://www.askphil.org/b25l.htm). I do not know if the above label is a genuine one or a bogus. Labels with inscription 'Langton & Co's Express' are bogus (same source).
'Alliance Business College'; 'Postage' (left) and 'Revenue' (right)
'G.E. Stechert & Co. (Alfred Hafner) New York'
Mc Donald Territory Stamp Privat Dispatch from Territoral post Office to the nearest U.S. Post Office
Adams Express Company 59 Broadway, N.Y. "Eagle"
One cent Despatch Washington City, phantasy issue with image of Washington? I have seen the same stamp in the colour red on yellow and green (all 1 c).
'Ship This Order By ADAMS EXPRESS COMPANY' and 'ADAMS EXPRES COMPANY BOSTON MASS.'
Carnes & Co. City Package Express 621 Montg. St.
'PAID PACIFIC UNION EXPRESS Co' blue red
New York City Delivery Co. (eagle)
(St.Louis P.O, bogus issue?)
(Jays Dispatch, forgery)
C&W Bridge Despatch
Hanley's City Express Post 2 c black on green, I've also seen the value 2 c black on lilac
Flynn's Penny Post
Hall & Neill's Free Despatch Post
Roadman's Penny Post
Besides the red colour shown above, I've also seen the 'ROADMAN"S PENNY POST' stamp in the colour black, black on blue, black on red and black on green.
'City and Suburban Post'
(Hackett's City post, reduced size)
This maybe a cut from the USA, but I'm not quite sure
(Richwood's Dispatch Paid to the Post Office, triangle)
'Kingman's city post', image of a train, bogus issue (not to be confused with a carrier issue with text only), image found on http://alphabetilately.com/US-trains-00.html
I have also seen the above 'Kingman's' in the colours brown, black on blue and blue.
('Adams Express Company', woman with hat of freedom facing the right)
('For the POST OFFICE CITY DESPATCH POST T. WALTER.', bogus issue)
(Stait's Despatch S.Third Street Paid, reduced size)
I have seen the above envelope cuts(?) from Stait's Despatch in the colours black on yellow, black on white, black on violet and black on blue. I think they are all forgeries. There seem to exist two genuine envelopes with a similar text issued around 1850 with a different text 'STAIT'S DESPATCH AT Adams Exp'ss PAID & 48 S. 3d St.' or 'STAITS DESPATCH 48 So 3rd St PAID' (sorry, no pictures available yet). I have also seen advertisement labels(?) with the text: 'W.STAIT Of the City Depatch, 48 S.Sd St, will call for Contributions, by authority of the Cheap Postage, Committee.':
(advertisement label?; reduced size)
('PENNY POST 2 CENTS', with portrait of Washington, next to it a genuine 'Whittelsey's Express' stamp in a very similar design)
Baldwin's Railroad Postage
I have been told that these labels were issued in Canada. I've also been told that forgeries exist.
Walker's Penny Post: A bogus issue, I have seen this stamp in the colours: black on red, black on yellow, black on lilac, black on green and brown. This forgery was made by Casey (see 'Philatelic forgers, their lives and works' by V.E.Tyler, 1976, for a short review of his life). It should be noted that forgeries of this bogus issue exist made by S.Allan Taylor (the 'R' of 'WALKER' has a straight foot).
S.Allan Taylor was the leader of the 'Boston gang'; a group of forgers located in Boston (see 'Philatelic forgers, their lives and works' by V.E.Tyler, 1976, for a short review of his life). His bogus stamps bear inscriptions such as: Kers City Post, Little Wanderers Aid Society, Bowery Post Office, Warwick City Dispatch Post etc. etc. He also made forgeries of local US stamps.
Other literature: 'Bogus United States Stamps - Produced by S. Allan Taylor' by Judy M. Kersey, published in 1983. This 12 pages. Taylor operated from about 1862 to 1891 and made many forgeries and bogus United States stamps. Many of these exist printed in a variety of papers and in a wide range of colors. I haven't had a chance of reading this book myself.
(Bogus issue made by Taylor: Kers City post, for an imaginary local post in Canada)
(Bogus Arthur's City Post of Taylor)