Return To Catalogue - France overview
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(A dot in the leaf)
In the genuine stamps, there must be a dot in the leaf at the upper right hand side as shown in the above image.
Fournier has made forgeries of the 1859 eagle issue. I don't have any further information on these forgeries right now. I think the Fournier forgeries have this dot, so the above characteristic will not be of much use to discover Fournier forgeries. Other forgeries exist. Example:
The above forgery does not have a dot before the word 'COLONIES' or behind 'POSTES' as in the genuine stamps. Also, there is no dot in the center leaf in the upper right corner. Furthermore the letters are poorly done and the number of lines and dots is not the same as in the genuine stamp.
(Hialeah forgery, genuine envelope, 3 forged 80 c stamps, reduced size)
The forgeries made by someone in Hialeah, Florida (USA) are usually not very dangerous. They are poorly made forgeries offered as such on E-bay. They are probably made by using a scanner and printer. However, recently (August 2003) he also starts offering genuine envelopes, decorated with his forgeries and with forged cancels added! The above example is such a genuine envelope, with 3 forged 80 c eagle stamps and a forged 5129 numeral cancel, a forged 'Corr des armees' and a forged 'REGIMENT DE TIR' cancel on the backside of the envelope.
There exists a postal forgery of the 80 c stamp, more information can be found in 'The Postal Forgeries of the World' by H.G. Leslie Fletcher.
As said before, the forgeries made by someone in Hialeah, Florida (USA) are usually not very dangerous. They are poorly made forgeries made with a scanner and printer and offered as such on E-bay. In August 2003 he also starts offering genuine envelopes, decorated with his forgeries and with forged cancels added!
(Forged 'Tonkin Corps Expedit' envelope with two 40 c French colonies Ceres stamps)
On the above envelope all the stamps and cancels (numeral cancel 3122' and 'TONKIN CORPS EXPEDIT' in a circle) are forged.
The 1881 issue has been forged. Especially rare overprints have been forged on genuine and forged stamps.
Fournier made forgeries of these base stamps (and made lots of forged overprints on these stamps aswell).
|Genuine||Forgery (obtained thanks to Bill Claghorn's forgery site)|
|Genuine stamp has:|
1) Perfect perforation in the corners
2) unbroken line to the left of the R
of REPUBLIQUE in bottom tablet.
3) unbroken pole where it touches forehead wreath.
4) No dark dash in lines under right edge of N of COLONIES
5) U shape in right arm buckle.
|Forgery has some of the following (maybe not all):|
1) Perforation in corners does 'not match'
2) Broken line to the left of the R of REPUBLIQUE in bottom tablet.
3) Broken pole where it touches forehead wreath.
4) Dark dash in lines under right edge of N of COLONIES
5) Line in right arm buckle.
Other examples of Fournier forgeries:
(Forged stamps and forged Tahiti overprint and inverted Indo China overprint)
(Obock and Guyane Fournier forgery)
(Fournier forgery of Benin, cancel 'GRAND POPO BENIN 7 NOV 92')
Click here for information on forgeries of these stamps.
The second stamp is a forgery, the first has exactly the same cancel (same date St. LOUIS 19 FEVR 06), so I presume they must be both forgeries!
(Mauritania, 5 Fr forgery)
(Ivory Coast 5 Fr forgery)
I don't know who made these forgeries, I have seen them from Mauritania, Ivory Coast and Senegal. Possibly other colonies might have these forgeries.
(A forged overprint of Madagascar made by Fournier on a genuine stamp with forged cancel 'TAMATAVE 7 SEPT 96 MADAGASCAR')