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FOURNIER FORGERIES, First choice forgeries

Forgeries - Timbres-faux - Fälschungen - Falsi - Falsa - Vervalsingen

Return To Catalogue - Fournier forgeries (second choice) - Fournier forgeries, forged overprints

Note: on my website many of the pictures can not be seen! They are of course present in the cd's;
contact me if you want to purchase them:
.


Fournier was a stamp forger in the early 20th century. He started his career when he bought over the forgeries of another forger, Mercier in 1904. His forgeries are in general of deceptive quality (but he also offers forgeries made by other persons, for example Spiro). He even operated a 'philatelic clinic' where stamps could be repaired. Part of his stock was listed in his 1914 pricelist. After his dead, and after a certain Hirschberger had tried to continue the forgery business in vain, the Philatelic Union of Geneva bought his whole stock and made 480 albums with his forgeries, forged overprints and forged cancels. This society sold these 'Fournier albums' in 1928, so collectors and dealers could compare Fournier's forgeries with genuine stamps. The forgeries in these albums were overprinted 'FAUX' on the front or with 'FAC-SIMILE' on the back. Many of these albums have since been broken up, but in 1970 a photocopied version was made by Lowell Ragatz: 'The Fournier album of philatelic forgeries', in this work the 1914 pricelist is also included.


Forgery of Switzerland with 'FAC-SIMILE' overprint on the back, taken from a Fournier Album


Forged Fournier cancel of Natal a forged 'N35' and 'A91' (Virgin Islands) cancels

Fournier also had a 'Philatelic Clinic' were damaged stamps were repaired. The following postcard proves this:


Front and backside of a postcard of the 'PHILATELISCHE KLINIK' informing a customer his stamp has been repaired, note that the name 'Fournier' has been overprinted by 'Hirschburger'

The text reads:
		'Sehr geehrter Herr!
	Hiermit teile ich Ihnen dass die mir 
seinerzeit   1   zur Repartur gesandten 
Marken am  31 d.M. fertiggestelt sein 
und gegen den Betrag von Fr.   38.- 
fur Gebuhr der Arbeit Ihnen sofort einge-
schrieben ubersandt sein wurden. 
	Ich erwarte also umgehend diesen Betrag 
und im voraus bestens dankend, zeichne.
		hochachtungsvoll.
		F.Fournier
		C.HIRSCHBURGER, NACHFOLGER'

Fournier did not consider himself a forger, but more a 'creator of arts objects'. He offered the forgeries as such, but the problem is that they often are taken for genuine after they are being sold. He started his forgery business in 1891, when he took over the stock of another forger: Mercier. Fournier died in 1914.


(examples of Fournier forgeries, a french colonies forgery and a Wurttemberg forgery)

In his 1914 pricelist Fournier offers all his forgeries at that time (796 sets with a total of 3671 different forgeries). He distinghuishes between first choice forgeries, second choice forgeries (often forgeries made by other people than himself, such as Spiro) and overprints.

Fournier has also made forgeries of the so-called 'Tablet' type of all French colonies. He also made forgeries of the 'pfennig' values of the ship design of all German colonies. However, these items do not appear in his 1914 pricelist.

The Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries can also be found at: http://www.geocities.com/claghorn1p/FournierAlbum/AlphaIdx.htm (compiled by Bill Claghorn). Example of a page of a Fournier Album:


Page of a Fournier Album (reduced size) with forgeries and cancels of Germany, some of them with 'FAC-SIMILÉ' printed many times in blue oblique lines on the backside (especially reprinted for this album); by the way, the above forgeries are not listed in Fournier's 1914 pricelist

 

In the next tables I have tried to reproduce his 1914 pricelist (this pricelist is in french and the prices are in Swiss Francs). Additions made by me are marked in red. I have also added two columns indicating if the forgeries are included in my Cd and if so, if distinghuishing characteristics are given.

Note: As you can see a lot of pictures are still missing and also a lot of distinghuishing characteristics. If you have any pictures or information, please contact me!

First choice forgeries:

nrcountryyear of issuedescriptionnb of stampsprice (in Swiss Francs)picture availabledisting. char.
1Afrique orient. angl. (British East Africa)1890-942,4 et 5 rup32YesNo
2Alsace-Lorraine18701 au 25 centimes85YesYes
3"18701 au 25 cent. (burrelage renversé)85NoNo
4Angola18705 au 300 reis92NoNo
5

"

1881-8540 reis rose (erreur)12NoNo
6

"

1881-8510 au 50 reis51NoNo
7Argentine (Republ.)1858-6115 au 15 cent.42YesNo
8"18922 au 5 cent. (comm.)21Yes?Yes?
9Autriche (Austria)18582 kreuzer11NoNo
10"1850-566 au 30 kreuzer (journaux)105NoNo
11Bade (Baden)18621 au 30 kreuzer105YesNo
12"18623 kreuzer rose (dent 13 1/2)11NoNo
13"1858-626 et 18 kreuzer (envel.)33NoNo
14Baviere1849-621,12 et 18 kreuzer66YesNo
15"18491 kreuzer noir (choix extra)15NoNo
16"1862(taxe) 1 et 3 kreuzer33NoNo
17Belgique1866-671 cent. (non dentele)11NoNo
18"1869-755 Fr. (brun rouge) 12YesNo
19"1869-755 Fr. (brun pale) 12NoNo
20Bolivie18972 bolivars13NoNo
21Borneo1883-8650 cent.11NoNo
22"1889-921/2 au 50 cents91NoNo
23"18941 Dollar11NoNo
24Breme18612,3 et 10 gros33Yes?Yes?
25"1866"33Yes?Yes?
26 "1857(Enveloppe)22NoNo
27Bresil1844180 au 600 reis33NoNo
28"1854-61280 et 430 reis22NoNo
29"1889(taxe) du 10 au 1000 reis94YesNo
30"1890(taxe) du 10 au 1000 reis83YesNo
31Brunswick18521,2 et 3 silb32YesNo
32"18661/3 au 3 grosch42NoNo
33Buenos-Ayres18582 au 5 pesos53Yes?Yes?
34"18591 et 2 pesos32NoNo
35Cap Bonne Esperance 18531 et 4 pence21NoNo
36"18581 penny au 1 shilling54NoNo
37"18611 et 4 p. (compris erreurs)44NoNo
38Cap Vert (Cabo Verde)18775 au 300 reis92YesYes
39"188110 au 50 reis51NoYes
40"187740 reis (att. au 40 Mozamb.)12.50NoYes
41"1771"12.50NoYes
42Canada18605 et 10 cent. (enveloppe)22NoNo
43Colombie18652 1/2 cent. (taxe)11NoNo
44" (Bolivar)187980 centavos et 1 peso22NoNo
45"1883-8910 pesos (dent. et non dent.)33NoNo
46"1881-186510 cent. (lettre recomm.) et 25 et 50 cent. (taxe)33NoNo
47Colonies francaises187110 centimes11NoNo
48"187110 + 10 cent. (tete-beche)13NoNo
49"1884-92(Taxe) 1 centime au 5 francs143NoNo
50"1884(Taxe) 1, 2 et 5 fr. (noir)31NoNo
51"1884(taxe) 1, 2 et 5 fr. (br. rouge)31NoNo
52Congo Belge18855 Francs12NoNo
53"1887-945 Francs (lilas)11NoNo
54"1887-945 Francs (gris)11NoNo
55"1887-8910 Francs12YesYes
56Congo francais1891(colis postaux) 10 centimes10.50YesNo
57Cook (Iles)18921 au 10 pence31.50Yes?No

 
nrcountryyear of issuedescriptionnb of stampsprice (in Swiss Francs)picture availabledisting. char.
58Crete (Rhetymo)18991 et 2 metallics44NoNo
59"1905(insurrec.) 5 l. a 1 d.52NoNo
60"1905(insurrec.) 5, 10 et 20 l 31NoNo
61Cuba189860 cent. a 2 pesos42NoNo
62Curacao1873-893 au 30 cents73NoNo
63"1873-8950 cents au 2.50 gld45NoNo
64"1889(Taxe) 2 1/2 au 50 cents82NoNo
65Deux-Siciles (Naples)18601/2 tornese11NoNo
66"18601/2 tornese (croix)11NoNo
67Danemark1854-6416 skil11NoNo
68"1854-6516 skil (perce en ligne)11NoNo
69Diego-Suarez18901 au 25 cent. (vignette)41NoNo
70"18915 cent (noir) et taxe 5 et 50 c.31.50NoNo
71Dominicaine (Republ.)18651/2 real11NoNo
72"1879 1/2 et 1 real42NoNo
73"19002 au 50 cent40.50NoNo
74Eglise (Etats de l') Papal States18527, 50 baj et 1 scudo31Yes (7 b only)Yes (7 b only)
75"18525 baj. (impression double) printed on both sides11NoNo
76Egypte18645 Piastres11Yes?No
77"1884(Taxe) 1 au 5 piastres (filig. with watermark)53NoNo
78"1888(Taxe) 2 m. au 5 piastres53NoNo
79"1888(Taxe) 5 piastres11NoNo
80Egypte (Canal Suez)18681 cent. noir11YesYes
81Equateur1865-721/2 au 4 centavos 53NoNo
82 Espagne (Spain)18506 cuartos au 10 reales33NoNo
83"18516 cuartos au 10 reales65NoNo
84"18512 reales (erreur) (bloc de 4)13NoNo
85"18526 cuartos au 6 reales55YesYes (reales only)
86"18536 cuartos au 6 reales55NoNo
87"18531 et 3 cuartos (Madrid)24NoNo
88"18546 c. au 6 reales (fond coul.)55NoNo
89"18542 c. au 4 c. (fond blanc)65NoNo
90"186419 cuartos11NoNo
91"186419 cuartos11NoNo
92"18652 cuartos au 2 reales75NoNo
93"186512 cuartos (centre renverse)12NoNo
94"18652 cuarots au 2 real. dent.75NoNo
95"186512 cuartos (centre renverse)12NoNo
96"186519 cuartos (centre renverse)12NoNo
97"1872-735 au 50 cent92NoNo
98"1872-731,4 et 10 pesetas32NoNo
99"1873(Biscaye et Navarre) 1 real33NoNo
100"1889-994 et 10 pesetas21NoNo
101Etats-Unis1873(Officiel) 24 cents11NoNo
102Fernando-Po186820 centavos12NoNo
103"189960 centavos au 2 pesos42NoNo
104Fidji18821 shilling11YesNo
105Finlande18565 kopek11YesNo
106"1866-701 mark12YesNo
107"1889-955 et 10 mark22YesYes
108"18913 1/2 et 7 roubles (filigrane)24YesYes
109"18913 1/2 roubles (erreur)1 NoYes
110"190110 mark12YesNo
111France1849-5010 centimes11NoNo
112"1849-5015 centimes11NoNo
113"1849-501 franc (carmin)11YesNo
114"1849-501 franc (vermillon)12NoNo
115"1849-5010 + 10 c (tete-beche)13NoNo
116"1849-5015 + 15 c (tete-beche)13NoNo
117"1849-501 + 1 fr (carmin tete-beche)13NoNo
118"1849-501 + 1 fr (vermillon tete-beche)13NoNo
119"1853-601 fr. (empire)12NoNo
120"1853-601 fr. (empire) (tete-beche)13NoNo
121"1859-78(Taxe) 10 a 60 centimes42NoNo
122"1882-92(Taxe) 1 cent. au 5 fr.154NoNo
123"1882-921, 2 et 5 fr. (noir)31NoNo
124"1882-921,2 et 5 fr. (rouge)31NoNo
125"186825 c. et 2 fr. (telegr., non dent.)21NoNo
126"186825 c. et 2 fr. (telegr., denteles)31NoNo
127"18692 et 5 c. (journaux, non denteles)32NoNo
128"18692 et 5 c. (journaux, denteles)32NoNo
129Gabon1889(Vignette) 15 et 25 centimes21Yes?No
130Grece1862-761 au 80 leptons115NoNo
131"1876-821 au 40 leptons52NoNo
132"1886-881 lepton au 1 drachme95NoNo
133"1886-881 au 1 dr. denteles 13 1/233NoNo
134"1886-881 au 1 dr. denteles 11 1/244NoNo
135"1889-992 leptons au 1 drachme83NoNo
136"18965 et 10 drachmes22NoNo
137"1875(Taxe) 1 au 40 leptons61NoNo
138"1875(Taxe) 60 lept. au 2 drach.62NoNo
139"1879(Taxe) 1 au 40 leptons61NoNo
140"1879(Taxe) 60 au 200 leptons62NoNo
141Guadeloupe1876-79(Taxe) 15 au 40 centimes51NoNo
142"1884(Taxe) 5 au 20 centimes74NoNo
143Haiti18811 au 20 cent65NoNo
144"18821 au 20 cent63NoNo
145"19041 au 50 cent. (exterieur)61NoNo
146"19041 au 50 cent. (non dentele)610NoNo
147Hambourg1859-641/2 sch. (dent. et non dent.)21NoNo
148"18641 1/4 et 2 1/2 schil.51NoNo
149"18641 1/4 et 2 1/2 schil. (denteles)51NoNo
150"18661/4 et 1/2 schilling21NoNo
151"18661/2 au 7 sch. (enveloppes)72NoNo
152 Hanovre18511/10 1/15 et 1/30 Th33YesYes
153"18561/10 1/15 et 1/30 Th33YesYes
154"18591/2 et 3 pfg44Yes (not all values)No
155"186110 groschen12NoNo
156"1858-61(Envel.) trefle et cheval22NoNo
157Hawai18655 cents12NoNo
158"1859-645 et 13 et 1 et 2 cents (taxe)45NoNo
159Hongrie1871 3 et 10 k. (env. orig. transf. en t. made from genuine envelopes)25NoNo

 
nrcountryyear of issuedescriptionnb of stampsprice (in Swiss Francs)picture availabledisting. char.
160Indes anglaises18544 annas11NoNo
161"1854" (centre renverse inverted center) 11NoNo
162Indes neerlandaises 1882(Taxe) 2 1/2 au 75 cents92NoNo
163Indes Portugaises (Portuguese India)18795 au 30 reis92YesYes
164"188010 au 50 reis51YesYes
165Italie1862-635 cent. au 3 lire62NoNo
166Japon      
167"      
168"      
169"      
170"      
171"      
172"      
173"      
174"      
175"      
176"      
177"      
178Levant Russe      
179"      
180Liberia      
181"      
182"      
183"      
184"      
185Lombardo-Venetie      
186"      
187"      
188"      
189Lubeck1844(?)1 1/4 Sch (brun et brun fonce)22NoNo
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
196Macao18845 au 300 reis92YesYes
197"188510 au 80 reis61YesYes
198Maurice (Ile)18629 pence (envelope)11NoNo
199 Mecklenbourg-Schwerin1856-674/4 au 5 schilling 66YesNo
        
        
        
209Mozambique18775 au 300 reis92YesYes
210"1881-8510 au 50 reis51YesYes
211       
212       
213       
214       
215Oldenbourg18581 au 3 gr33YesYes
216"18601 au 3 gr33YesYes
217Panama18795, 10 et 20 cent33YesNo
218"188750 centavos11NoNo
219Parme1852-545 au 40 cent.31NoNo
220 Pays-Bas (The Netherlands)186750 cents12Yes?No
221Philipines      
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
263Saxe (Saxony)18503 pfennig12Yes?No
264"18503 pfennig (choix extra)15NoNo
265"18513 pfennig10.50NoNo
266"18595 et 10 neugr. (envel.)22NoNo
267Serbie      
268"      
269       
270Suisse (Switzerland)      
271"      
272"      
273"1845(Bale) 2 1/2 rap. (Colombe) (Basel dove)15YesNo
274"1845" (Essai)12NoNo
275"      
        
        
        
297Wenden1863-64 Brief et Pak. mark 23NoNo
298Wurtemberg185118 kreuzer12YesNo
299"1857"12YesYes
300"1858"12YesNo
301"1859"12YesNo
302"1863"12YesNo
303"1866"12YesNo
304"1875-002 marks33NoNo
305"1881-005 marks11NoNo

 

 

The next forgery of New South Wales can be found in 'Fourniers Album of Philatelic Forgeries'. I don't think Fournier actually sold this forgery, but merely used it to illustrate his pricelists etc. When the album was made, 'reprints' were made of all the plates that were found, including this one:


(Fournier forgery, reduced size)


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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