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CANADA 1851-1896

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Canada 1897-1900 - Canada 1900-1920 - Miscellaneous - Fiscal Stamps
New Brunswick - Nova Scotia 1851 issues - Nova Scotia 1860 issues - British Columbia and Vancouver Island - Newfoundland - Prince Edward Islands

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1851, Various designs, value in 'PENCE'

6 p black 7 1/2 c = 6 p stg green Image obtained from a Shreves auction

Imperforated 
  1/2 p red (queen Victoria)
  3 p red (beaver)
  6 p black (prince Albert)
  7 1/2 Cy (=6 d Stg) green (Queen Victoria)
  10 Cy (=8 d Stg) blue (Jacques Cartier)
  12 p black (Queen Victoria)

Perforated (1858)

  1/2 p red
  3 p red
  6 p black

The 7 1/2 Cy and 12 p black are also known as 'Chalon head' after the designer. The perforated stamps have perforation 12.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
Imperforate
1/2 pRRRR 
3 pRR***Exists bisected
6 pRRRRRExists bisected
7 1/2 CyRRRRRR 
10 CyRRRRRR 
12 pRRRRRR 
Perforated
1/2 pRRRRRExists bisected
3 pRRR 
6 pRRRRRR 

Cancels, examples:


(Ring cancels with no number in the center, so-called 'target cancel')

Four-ring cancels


Four-ring cancel '27' belonging to the post office of Ottawa

Other four-ring cancels with their corresponding numbers and towns:
1: Barry
2: Belleville
3: Berlin
4: Bowmanville
5: Brantford (I've seen this cancel in blue)
7: Collingwood
8: Chatham
10: Cobourg
11: Cornwall
12: Dundas
13: Galt
14: Goderich
15: Guelph
17: Ingersol
18: Kingston
19: London
20: Melbourne
21: Montreal
22: Napanee
23: Niagara
24: Oakville
25: Oshawa
26: Owen
27: Ottawa
28: Paris
29: Perth
30: Peterboro
31: Picton
32: Port Dover
34: Sarnia
35: Prescott
36: Preston
37: Quebec
38: St. Catharines
39: St. John
40: St.Thomas
41: Sandwich
42: Sherbrooke
43: Simcoe
44: Smith's Falls
45: Stanstead
47: Three-Rivers
49: Whitby (I've seen this cancel in blue)
50: Windsor
51: Brockville
52: Clifton
516: Montreal
627: Ottawa

Forgeries, example:


(Primitive forgery)


An Oneglia forgery made around 1890

I've been told that Panelli made a forgery of the 3 p beaver imperforate stamp. I have no further information.

I know that the forger Peter Winter made forgeries of the 12 p imperforate stamp. I have seen a forged envelope with two of such stamps adressed to: 'D. Edwin D. Newton at the Hospital Richmond Va' with a cancel 'MONTREAL MR 16 1852' (sorry, no picture available yet).

 

1859 Value in 'Cents'

  1 c red (Victoria)
  2 c red (Victoria)
  5 c red (beaver)
  10 (X) c brown (prince Albert)
  12 1/2 c (6 d Stg) green (Victoria)
  17 c (8 d Stg) blue (Jacques Cartier)

These stamps are perforated 12.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1 c**** 
2 cR***Exists bisected
5 c****Exists bisected
10 cR*** 
12 1/2 c****** 
17 cR*** 

Cancels:


(Four-ring cancel, for a list see the previous series)


(Red mute cancels consisting of parallel bars)

Forgeries:


(Engraved forgery)

Be careful with bisected stamps, they have been forged on cover (for example by the forger Raoul de Thuin; see 'The Yucatan Affair, The work of Raoul Ch. de Thuin, Philatelic Counterfeiter', published by The American Philatelic Society).

 

1868 Queen Victoria facing the right, so-called 'Large Queens'

 

  1/2 c black
  1 c brown
  2 c green
  3 c red
  6 c brown
  12 1/2 c blue
  15 c lilac

All values exist with perforation 12. The values 1/2 c and 15 c also exist with perforation 11 1/2 x 12.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1/2 c**** 
1 c brown******Also orange
2 c***** 
3 c**** 
6 cR**Exists bisected
12 1/2 c****** 
15 c***** 

Cancels, example:


Duplex cancel '5' of Hamilton


(Numeral cancel '8' of Ottawa, specialist distinghuish at least 7 different types of this cancel)


(Numeral cork cancel '9' of Kingston)

I've also seen the four-ring numeral cancel on these stamps.

Two-ring numeral cancels:


Two-ring numeral cancel '6'

Number and townname for the two-ring cancels:
1: Montreal
2: Toronto
3: Quebec
4: Halifax
5: Hamilton
6: London
7: St.John
8: Ottawa
9: Kingston
10: Sydney
11: Fredericton
12: St.Catharines
13: Belleville
14: Guelph
15: Brantford
16: Brockville
18: Yarmouth
19: Peterborough
20: Unknown
21: Goderich
22: Galt
23: Woodstock
24: Stratford
25: New Glasgow
26: Windsor
27: Ingersoll
28: Sarnia
29: Cobourg
30: Picton
32: Barrie
33: Sherbrooke
34: Chatham
35: Lindsay
36: St.Johns
37: Amherst
38: Bowmanville
39: Whitby
40: Cornwall
41: St.Mary's
42: Actonvale
43: Windsor
44: Owen
45: Perth
46: Dundas
47: Napanee
48: Simcoe
49: Prescott
50: St.Andrews
51: Picton
52: St. Hyacinth
53: Three Rivers
54: Truro
55: Berlin
56: Brampton
57: Paris
58: St. Thomas
59: Clinton
60: Newmarket

Some forgeries, apparently made by the same forger:


(Forgeries)

 

1870 Queen Victoria facing the left, so called 'Small Queens', smaller size

  1/2 c black (1882)
  1 c yellow
  2 c green
  3 c red
  5 c green
  5 c grey (different type)
  6 c brown
  8 c violet (1882 Victoria facing the left)
  10 c red

These stamps are perforated 12, but some of them also exist with perforation 11 1/2 x 12.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1/2 ccc 
1 c *vc 
2 c**c 
3 c*vc 
5 c green R*** 
5 c grey*c  
6 c**** 
8 c**** 
10 c**** 

Special cancels, an Ottawa crown cancel:

Other mute cancels exist in the shape of maple-leafs, flowers, crosses, stars etc, examples:


(Cork cancels)


(Hawksville 'Star' Cork cancel)


(Victoria Crown-cancel)

 

1893 Queen Victoria facing the left, large size

  20 c red
  50 c blue

These stamps were used on parcels.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
20 c*** 
50 c *** 

For issues of Canada from 1897 to 1900 click here.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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