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A province of Canada, issued stamps until 1867

1851 Rectangle with crown and arms, imperforate

3 p red Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Certified genuine

   3 p red
   6 p yellow
   1 Sh violet

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
Value Unused Used Remarks
3 p RRR RRR  
6 p RRR RRR  
1 Sh RRR RRR  

Cancels, examples:

Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com


Official reprints exist of all three values. The colours are different: 3 p orange, 6 p violet and 1 Sh violet. They are all printed on white paper (originals on bluish paper).

Forgeries, examples:

There are some very dangerous forgeries, in which the size of the stamp is slightly larger (23.8 mm instead of 23.0 mm, source: 'Fakes & Forgeries of New Brunswick & Prince Edward Island by Captain R.B.Mitchell) and the colours are slightly different. Another dangerous set of forgeries bears the cancel '8' in a grid (made by Oneglia/Panelli) and there is a small line from the thistle (the flower at the right hand side of the crown) to the background.

Third forgery (Spiro A):

Forgery! Flower upside down

In the above forgery, the flower in the lower right corner is upside down (it is pointing towards the crown)! The stems of the flowers must point to the crown. The background behind the outer inscriptions is completely solid. Besides the 5-lines cancel shown above, I have also seen this forgery with a cancel consisting of 4 concentric circles, roughly the size of the stamp. It is believed that Spiro made this forgery (there also exists another Spiro forgery, see next forgery).

Fourth forgery (Spiro B):

The octogonal outline round the center is double in the above forgeries. The postmarks on these forgeries seem to be a large diamond, containing 6 parallel lines or the one indicated on the right (a quartefoil). Also note the unclear circular postmark "DOCTWL... VF" (unreadable letters, a cancel often used on other forgeries of other countries as well). Note that all the numerals '3' in the corners are directed towards the center of the stamp, while in the genuine stamp they are all pointing downwards, this is the easiest test to determine these forgeries (this forgery is also described in 'The Spud Papers'). It is believed that Spiro made this forgery, although I have actually some doubt that this is true.

Fifth forgery:

I've also seen this forgery with a numeral dot cancel '2479' and '1959'. I've also seen it with a circular cancel with unreadable letters and a sun(?) in the center. I am not able to read the number in the above numeral cancel ('31??').

In this forgery the crown is too small also (it should almost touch the octagonal), and furthermore the inscriptions are not in the right place (or the crown is not placed correctly)! Also note that the flower at the right hand side of the crown (turn the stamp) has been replaced by somekind of a berry. It is supposed to have been made in Italy. A better version, but with the same errors exists and is sometimes said to be a Fournier forgery (but this is not sure), it then bears a square cancel consisting of small dots.


Sixth forgery:

Note the position of the '6' in the corners in the above forgery of the 6 p.

Seventh forgery:

The 3's in the corners are totally different from the genuine stamp. I've also seen it cancelled with a pattern of dots.

In the 1 sh of this forgery type the "12"s in the corners have been replaced by "1"s.

Oneglia forgeries:

(Oneglia forgeries)

Oneglia forgeries are engraved. Note that they are cancelled with a grid "8" cancel. According to the journal BNA Topics (May, 1972 page 116), in an article called 'The Panellis' by E.A.Smythies, this forged cancel has two unbroken lines besides the "8", while the genuine cancel only has one such line. The genuine cancel '8' belongs to Chatham New Brunswick, it was also applied by Oneglia/Panelli on forgeries of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.

Forgeries made by 'forger A':

Some forgeries, all made by the same forger 'A':

The above forgeries are often referred to as forgeries made by forger 'A' (the identity of this forger is unknown'. The name 'forger A' was suggested by Nicholas Argenti in his book 'The Postage Stamps of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia'. Often these forgeries have an overprint 'FAC-SIMILE' (which is sometimes erased and/or covered by a cancel). These forgeries are engraved.

I've been told that this forgery of the 6 p Nova Scotia stamp has been made by the same forger 'A' as the above three forgeries.

These might have been produced from this printing plate with New Brunswick and Nova Scotia stamps side by side in two blocks of four as they are now in the possesion of the Canadian Museum of History after having been discovered in a flee market in Belgium in 2013. Last picture in mirror-image. See also: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/ottawa/hidden-treasures-canadian-museum-of-history-1.4752740


Genuine stamp, but forged bisected use.


1860 Various designs, value in cents

2 c orange

1 c lilac 12 1/2 c blue

   1 c lilac (train)
   2 c orange (Queen Victoria)
   5 c green (Queen Victoria)
   10 c red (Queen Victoria)
   12 1/2 c blue (ship)
   17 c black (prince of Wales)

These stamps are peforated 12

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
Value Unused Used Remarks
1 c *** ***  
2 c ** ***  
5 c * **  
10 c *** ***  
12 1/2 c *** ***  
17 c *** ***  

Forgeries, examples:

Spiro forgeries:

Forgery! Type 1

Forgeries of the 2 c, 5 c and 10 c (as images above) exist with no "-" between "NEW" and "BRUNSWICK". Another easy way to identify these forgeries are the cancels (these cancels were never used in New Brunswick). Note, that there appear to be two types of the 10 c forgeries, differing in the positions of the "X"s in the upper corners.

(Spiro forgeries of the 1 c and 12 1/2 c)

The above forgery of the 17 c stamp is made by Spiro I presume. There should be a brooch on the shoulders of the Prince, but it is absent in this forgery. The lines of tartan coming from the Prince's shoulder are ending on the first stroke of the first "N" of "SEVENTEEN" and the "T" of this word, in the genuine stamps it ends in the center of the first "N" of this same word. This forgery has been described in 'The Spud Papers'.

Type 2
Here presumably the same Spiro forgeries with a numeral "8" cancel, a numeral "909" cancel and a numeral "53" cancel. These cancels also exist on forgeries of many other countries.

Slightly different forgery of the 17 c; the '17' and the lettering are different from the above forgery.

Other forgeries:

A forgery of the 10 c resembling the above Spiro forgeries, but there is a "-" between "NEW" and "BRUNSWICK"; also the "X" in the upper left corner is again differently placed.

(Some other imperforate forgeries)

Non Issued Stamp

Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com
(5 c brown with Charles Connell)

A 5 c brown with the head of Charles Connell was prepared, but not issued (extremely rare). This stamp in imperforate condition is a proof (still very rare):

These proofs (on thick paper) exist thinned and perforated pretending to be genuine stamps.

Forgeries, even in the wrong color (red)

Several modern reproductions of this stamp also exist. A nice site on this stamp can be found at: http://www.rpsc.org/cp/charles_connell.html.

Fiscal Stamps

1884 Law stamps, inscription 'LAW STAMP' on top

  10 c blue
  10 c yellow
  20 c blue
  20 c orange
  50 c blue
  50 c brown
  2 $ blue
  5 $ green

The blue stamps were issued in 1884, the other colours in 1887-1890.


1890 Law stamps, slightly different design, inscription 'LAW STAMP' at right hand side

  20 c orange
  50 c brown
  1 $ violet
  5 $ green


1940 Law stamps, new design, 'NEW BRUNSWICK' written straigh at the top, 'LAW STAMP' in an arc below it

  10 c orange
  20 c red
  50 c brown
  1 $ lilac
  2 $ blue
  5 $ green

Usually, these stamps are perforated, but they also exist rouletted (1977?).


1895 Probate stamps

  10 c yellow
  20 c red
  50 c brown
  2 $ blue
  5 $ green
  20 $ violet


Bogus issues

1865(?) 'BALDWIN'S RAILROAD POSTAGE' (with image of train) or 'BALDWIN'S R.R. POSTAGE' (with 'PAID TWO PENCE' in an ellipse)

These labels are forgeries made by (or inspired by) Allan Taylor in or before 1865 with the help of Craig and Melvin (both stamp dealers in Canada). The train design exists in a number of colors (red, blue, brown, black) and on colored paper. A sub-type seems to have a blotch in the frameline next to the bottom left '2'. The design with 'PAID' in the ellipse seems also to exist in the colors 2 p black on red and 2 p black on green.

More pictures acan be found at: http://alphabetilately.com/US-trains-00.html.

The following text was found in the Stamp Collector's Monthly Magazine of 1866 (Vol.1, No. 10) of St.John, New Brunwick by George Steward Jr. concerning the Baldwin stamps:




BALDWINS RAILROAD POSTAGE : an obsolete local of considerable rarity"-as it is impudently termed by dealers interested in its sale-is attracting some attention at present in Philatelic Circles. Of course the venders of these stamps affirm stoutly that they are genuine ; but we beg to assure buyers that this is not the case. The "Baldwin" is a forgery and the Boston dealer who now advertises it as genuine knows that it was made to sell only. For the information of our readers we submit a brief historical sketch-gleaned from authentic sources - of this stamp.
In the month of May last two young gentlemen belonging to this city entered into copartnership - which for distinction sake we shall call Messrs "A. and B., Stamp and Coin dealers.'' They had been in business but a short time when it occurred to them that they might "get up" a stamp. Others had done so with some degree of success, why could not they? Only represent it to their correspondent as a genuine "local" issued and used in the province of New Brunswick, and by its sale they might easily replenish their coffers, and increase their business many fold. Having hit upon this "happy thought " the next thing wanted was a name and date. The latter was easily settled ; it should be an obsolete local, for this would sell best and be least liable to detection. But the name, -what should it be? This was a puzzler ! It could not be "Turner's " -or the " Eastern'' Express, for both of these companies had agents in almost every city, town and village of the Union, as well as in the British Provinces, an application to either of whom might ''spoil their leetle game." After much grave thought and consideration it was remembered that a Mr. H. Baldwin had had some years before, an express office on the European and North American Railway, which runs from St. John to the Shediac oyster beds. Why not therefore call the "obsolete local" BALDWIN'S RAILROAD POSTAGE
Nothing could be more favourable and the name was at once adopted. After sketching a rough design of the projected "obsolete," the honourable firm went next in search of an engraver whom they soon found in the person of a Mr. Gregory of this city. Mr. Gregory being an adept in his art soon furnished a block or cut of the new stamp, which was taken to the printing establishment of Messrs J. & A. McM..... of St.John, and shortly after our enterprising young gents had the satisfaction of gazing upon the fruit of their own ingenuity-or in other words upon fifteen hundred of the "BALDWIN'S RAILROAD POSTAGE LABELS" in the following colours: viz, red on white, blue on ditto., black on ditto., red on grey, blue on ditto, black on ditto, red on green, blue on ditto, black on ditto, red on yellow, blue on ditto, black on ditto, red on blue, blue on ditto., black on ditto. That such stamps should be rare-very rare indeed- no one can doubt, for they could only be had from the makers. We do not know that the manufacturers are to blame altogether for saying that these stamps were of "considerable rarity" -seeing they could only be obtained from themselves, -but every honest man will say that they were very much to blame for stating that they were NEW BRUNSWICK LOCALS. But further, we have it on good authority, that of these " gems, "four hundred were sold to S. Allan Taylor of Boston - as stamps that never existed, but were issued to sell only. Mr. Taylor knows all this, but does he denounce the imposition? oh no! On the contrary, he tries to bolster it up by "a change of base," and mendaciously says in his paper, " that the New Brunswick to which these bogus "obsolete locals'' belong is New Brunswick - New Jersey!!! Could anything be more audacious? Can he tell us or his readers when these TWO PENNY locals were issued and used in New Jersey? and why it is that no mention is made in any of the NewY ork Price Lists or American Catalogues of the U. S. local stamps? We hope that our readers will make a note of what we have said and avoid the Bogus " Baldwin's."

Advertisment of Edward A.Craig & Robert J.Melvin in the Stamp Collector's Monthly Gazette (Vol. 1, No 1. 1865, page 4) stating that they are 'sole agents for the sale of BALWIN'S RAILROAD POSTAGE, an obsolete local of considerable rarity'. They sold the set of 15 varieties for $1.50 N.B. currency

Copyright by Evert Klaseboer