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Return To Catalogue - Saxony forgeries of the first issue, part 1 - part 2 - part 3 - Peter Winter forgeries - Saxony first two issues - Saxony other issues 1851 onwards - Other German States - Germany
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Attention: many forgeries exist of this stamp. The great majority of stamps, that I have seen were forgeries! In the genuine stamps, the rosettes in the corners have only three shade lines in it, except for the upper left one, which has four shade lines. There is an opening in the line at the left side of the "I" of "DREI". There should be NO opening in this line next to the "R" of "DREI". There should be a dot behind "FRANCO". Forgers that are known to have made forgeries of this stamp (or at least were involved in marketing them) are: Ferdinand Elb, Engelhardt Fohl, Francois Fournier, Julius Goldner, Hirschfeld (the printer of the original stamps!), Oswald Schroeder, the Senf brothers, Jean de Sperati, Thiele, Peter Winter, Zechmeyer. In the 'Praktisches Handbuch der Freimarken des Konigreichs Sachsen' by Friedrich W.Dieck (1921) it is stated that the earliest forgeries were made by Zechmeyer in the 1850's. In the 1880's rather deceptive forgeries were made in Dresden by Elb and Fohl, they were cancelled with a grille cancel that rarely appears on genuine stamps.
Sperati (a famous forger) forgeries:
Sperati forgeries are not commonly met with, they are quite expensive. Sperati made five different forgeries of this stamp, they are referred to as 'Reproduction A' to 'Reproduction E'. The stamp below is known as reproduction 'A'. It can be recognized by:
(Distinguishing characteristics 1, 2, 3 and 4)
Sperati forgery; reproduction 'A'; I've also seen this forgery with a "LEIPZIG 7 8 1/2 28 APR 51" cancel (similar to the one shown below)
Sperati forgeries, 'Reproduction A', note that these forgeries have exactly the same cancel!
Reproduction 'A'; more cancelled forgeries
Reproduction 'A', uncancelled
1. The white dot in the outer frame above the
first "S" of "SACHSEN".
2. There is a very clear red dot left to the last "E" of "PFENNIGE".
3. The top left serif of "I" of "DREI" is detached.
4. A smudge under the "O." of "FRANCO." between the inner and outer frame line.
5. The shading around the numeral is hard to distinguish.
(Sperati reproduction 'B')
Sperati reproductions 'B'
Reproduction 'B' has a weak spot in the upper central pattern (just above the "3" below the "C" of "SACHSEN"). There is also a dot on top of the "F" of "PFENNIGE".
If I'm well informed Reproduction 'C' and 'D' are a pair, which have the same distinguishing characteristics as Reproduction 'B'.
Reproduction 'C' and 'D'?
Reproduction 'E' with constant cancel (image obtained from http://www.seymourfamily.com/rfrajola/Sperati/speratiindex.htm)
Reproduction 'E' has a 'constant' cancel; the cancel is always placed in the same position (a numeral '2' cancel covering the right hand side of the stamp).
Other Sperati forgeries, reproduction 'A' (with the same cancel twice) and 'B'
Sperati used many types of forged cancels,
Grid cancel with no number inside it (see image above)
Grid cancel no 2 (see image above)
"DRESDEN 9 9 1/2 17 AUG 50" in a single circle
"LEIPZIG 10 OCT 50" in a rectangle with rounded corners
"LEIPZIG 7-8 20 JAN 52" in a single circle
"LEIPZIG 8 - 8 1/2 24 FEB" in a single circle (see image above)
"PLAUEN 4 JAN 52" in a single circle
"ZITTAU 8 NOV 50" in a single circle
These forgeries seem to be the same, or at least inspired by the above "Tag der Briefmarke 1979" commemorative sheetlets, which exist in red and black. Despite the text at the bottom "Der einzige erhalten gebliebene Sachsendreier-Originalbogen", this is not an exact reproduction of the only surviving sheet of 20 stamps.... Just look at the separating lines which are all continuous in the above sheetlets.
Saxony forgeries of the first issue, part 1, Saxony forgeries of the first issue, part 2 or part 3 or Peter Winter forgeries