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SAXONY (Sachsen) later issues 1851-1867

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For the first two issues of Saxony click here.

1851 King Friedich August, facing the right, imperforated

1/2 ngr black 1 Ng black on lilac 2 Ng black on blue 3 Ngr black on yellow

  1/2 ngr black on grey
  1 ngr black on lilac
  2 ngr black on blue
  3 ngr black on yellow

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1/2 ngrRR***Misprint 1/2 ngr black on blue: RRR
1 ngrRR*** 
2 ngrRRR2 shades of blue
3 ngrRR*** 

Envelope with stamp

 

1855 King Johann 1, facing the left imperforated

1/2 Ngr black on grey 1 Ng black on lilac 2 Ng black on blue 3 Ng black on yellow 5 Ng red 5 ngr red 10 Ng blue

  1/2 ngr black on grey
  1 ngr black on lilac
  2 ngr black on blue
  3 ngr black on yellow
  5 ngr red
  10 ngr blue

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1/2 ngr***** 
1 ngr***** 
2 ngr****** 
3 ngrR** 
5 ngrRRR 
10 ngrRRRRRR 

Forgeries exist of the 5 ngr and 10 ngr. The line after 'N' of 'SACHSEN' should be vertical and not slanting (according to 'The forged stamps of all countries' by J. Dorn). In the right hand corner there should be 3 pearls in the hand-like structure and in the left hand corner there should be 4 pearls. In both the 5 g and the 10 g, the 'N' of 'SACHSEN' should have its right vertical stroke parallel to the line to the right of it (belonging to the frame surrounding this word).


(Pictures of a stamps that I believe to be genuine; 4 pearls on the left and 3 pearls on the right, line behind 'N' not slanting)

Examples of forgeries:


(forgeries, line behind 'N' of 'SACHSEN' slanting backwards)

I've only seen the above forgeries with cancel '32'.

First forgery of the 10 g mentioned in Album Weeds:

This forgery is described in Album Weeds. It is engraved as the genuine stamps. There are only three balls in the 'hand' in the upper left corner. The mouth is too large, there are small lines on the ears (almost dots). There are many more small differences, such as: the 5 vertical lines in front of the 'N' of 'Neu' are all thick except the innermost one which is smaller (in the genuine stamps, only the outermost line is thicker). There should be a line between the 's' and 'h' of 'Grosch', but it is absent in this forgery.

Second forgery of the 10 g mentioned Album Weeds

I've been told that the next stamps are Fournier forgeries, however, it is not mentioned in his 1914 pricelist, neither in 'The Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries'.


(Fournier forgeries?)

It can be distinghuished most easily by the left hand side outline, which is doubled for some distance between the '10' and the bottom of the stamp. This forgery is also described in Album Weeds as the second forgery of the 10 g. Note also that the leaf above the 'N' of 'Neu' is at a larger distance from the label containing this word than in the genuine stamps (this leaf should almost touch the label).


(A primitive forgery of the 10 g)


(Sperati 'Proof' in black of type 'A')

The forger Sperati made forgeries of the 10 g value (type A and B). Type A has the left '0' of '10' very smudged. It also has a part of a line outside the lower left frame (part of an adjoining stamp?). There is a small opening in the frame in the upper left corner. A picture can be found on http://www.seymourfamily.com/rfrajola/Sperati/speratiindex.htm:


(Sperati's reproduction 'A', image obtained from the above mentioned website)

 

1863 Arms of Saxony, center embossed

3 pf green 1/2 Ng orange

  3 Pfennige green
  1/2 Ngr orange

Slightly different types

1 ngr red

  1 Ngr red
  2 Ngr blue
  3 Ngr brown
  5 Ngr grey (many shades from bluish to lilac)

The stamps have perforation 13.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
3 p*R 
1/2 ngr** 
1 ngr** 
2 ngr**** 
3 ngr**** 
5 ngr***RShades of colour


Typical cancels

1/2 ngr black Genuine

In Saxony a typical elliptical cancel was used with crossing bars; at first, there was no number inside (left image, so-called 'Vollgitterstempel'), afterwards a number corresponding to each post office was added (so-called 'Nummernstempel', other images).

Some of the numbers and the corresponding towns:
1 Dresden
2 Leipzig
8 Chemnitz
15 Zittau
17 Glauchau
20 Oschatz
21 Pirna
22 Reichenbach
34 Crimmitschau
58 Werdau
65 Herrnhut
72 Marienberg
90 Grunhain
96 Neusalza

Later normal cancels were used:

Leipzig cancel 'DRESDEN' cancel


Postcards, envelopes etc.

1859 Head of King Johan I, inscription 'POST-COUVERT' and value in upper left or right corner

5 Ng violet

  1 Ng red
  2 Ng blue
  3 Ng yellow
  5 Ng violet
  10 Ng green

1863 Arms embossed

1/2 Ng orange 5 Ng lilac "Cut to shape"

  1/2 Ng orange
  1 Ng red
  2 Ng blue
  3 Ng brown
  5 Ng lilac

Fournier forgeries

Fournier has made forgeries of these stamps. I'll show here some of the cancels he used on these forgeries (taken from a Fournier album):


(Reduced sizes)


Railway stamps

Example


(Reduced size)

I have also seen the following values:

Inscription 'Kgl. Sachsische Staatseisenb.': 50 p lilac and black, 60 p blue and black, 70 p lilac and black, 80 p yellow and black, 90 p brown and black, 1 M grey and black and 2 M green and black.

Inscription 'Sachsische Staatseisenb.': 80 p orange and black and 1 M grey and black.


Fiscal stamps

1868 Inscription 'STEMPELMARKE', arms of Saxony, no country name indicated


(Inscription 'STEMPELMARKE')

The following values exist: 1 Ngr green and grey, 2 Ngr brown and grey, 2 1/2 Ngr yellow and grey, 2 1/2 Ngr green and grey (1873), 5 Ngr blue and grey, 10 Ngr red and grey, 15 Ngr orange and grey and 1 Th violet and grey, 2 Th violet and grey, 5 Th violet and grey and 10 Th gold and violet(?).

1875 Inscription 'STEMPELMARKE', no country name indicated

"Stempelmarke"

The following values exist (value always in black, colour of the stamp brown): 10 p (1895), 20 p, 25 p, 40 p, 50 p, 60 p, 80 p, 1 M, 1 1/2 M, 2 M, 5 M, 10 M, 20 M, 50 M, 100 M, 500 M and 1000 M.

1910 Some large sized fiscal stamps were issued in 1910, inscription 'STEMPELMARKE'

(sorry, no picture available yet, if you posess a picture, please contact me!)

The following values were issued (value always in black): 10 p green and red, 20 p green and red, 50 p green and red, 1 M red and lilac, 1 1/2 M red and lilac, 2 M red and lilac, 5 M red and lilac, 10 M violet and red, 20 M violet and red, 50 M violet and red, 100 M blue and green and 500 M blue and green.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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