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WURTTEMBERG (Germany) 1851

Württemberg

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One of the German States. A kingdom until 1919 in the south-west of Germany. Chief towns are Stuttgart, Ulm and Tubingen. It issued stamps from 1851 to 1902, it used the stamps of the German Empire afterwards. The officail stamps were in use until 1923.

1851 Number, imperforate, inscription 'Deutsch = Oesstr. Postverein Vertrag v. 6 April 1850

1 k black on grey 3 k black on yellow 6 k black on green 9 k black on lilac Genuine

  1 Kreuzer black on grey
  3 Kreuzer black on yellow
  6 Kreuzer black on green
  9 Kreuzer black on lilac
  18 Kreuzer black on lilac

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1 kRR*** 
3 kR* 
6 kRR** 
9 kRRR*** 
18 kRRRR1852
Cancels:

The usual cancel is a town cancel with date (mostly in black, but sometimes in blue).


Blue cancel 'ESSLINGEN'

Special mute cancels:


(Tuttlingen 12 lines cancel and Tuttlingen 16 spokes cancel)

I've seen so-called 'Steigbügelstempel', a circular townname cancel, with the bottom part cut off.


Steigbügelstempel 'ELLWANGEN'

Reprints:


(Reprint)

Reprints exist. They were made in 1864, the central part of the original plates was used, but new letters were inserted. Especially the first 'e' of 'Wurttemberg is smaller and the 'r' different. The left bottom part of the 'g' of 'Wurttemberg' is also smaller. These reprints were also made on other fancy coloured papers.

Forgeries:

Forgery!
(Forgery)

The older forgeries can be recognized with the number of 'dents' in the left and right textbar. There should be 32x32 perfectly triangular dents at each side. The above copy only has 30x32 left and 31x32 dents, moreover they are not all equally sized. There seem to exist at least five different forgeries of the 18 kr stamp (inclusive Fournier and Sperati forgeries). Forgeries also exist for the other values (except 3 kr).

Fournier forgery:


(A Fournier forgery)

The above stamp is a Fournier forgery. It has the cancel 'BLAUBEUDEN 17 AUG 1853' as in the Fournier album of philatelic forgeries. I do not know what the distinguishing characteristics for this forgery are. Fournier offered this stamp (he apparently only forged the 18 kr) as a 1st choice forgery for 2 Swiss Francs in his 1914 pricelist.

Other forgeries:


(Forgeries)

In another forgery of the 1 kr and 18 kr shown above, the 'g' of 'Wurttemberg' is different, also the fancy background pattern outside the diamond is different. There is no dot behind 'Freimarke'.

Peter Winter forgeries:


(Peter Winter forgery, 'replik' written on the backside)


(Zoom-in on the 'replik' part)

The forger Peter Winter made forgeries of the whole serie (5 values), I have also seen them in cancelled condition. The word 'replik' is written on the backside of the 18 k (but I do not know if this was always the case). These forgeries are made somewhere in the 1980's. As far as I can see, in all the forgeries of one value, the same breaks in the lines appear in the same position (they differ from value to value). For example the broken up line under 'Freimarke' in the 9 k value.

I suspect that the next forgery on letter (adressed to Fraulein Julie Manger Wichmannsdorf b. Boitzenburg' with cancel 'ALTSHAUSEN' is also a Peter Winter product:


(Forgery on letter)

I suspect that the following letter to: 'Signori Fratelli Sansoni' in 'Roma' with a 'TRYBERG' cancel is also fromthe same source:

 

Fiscal stamps in a similar design:

Fiscal railway stamps in similar design, inscription 'Konigl. Wurttemb. Staats-Eissenbahn Waggeld', issued in 1877:


(Reduced size)

The following values were issued: 3 p violet, 6 p red, 15 p blue and 20 p green.

For Issues of 1857-1865 click here.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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