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BRUNSWICK (Braunschweig, Germany)

Return To Catalogue - Brunswick Miscellaneous - forgeries of the 1852-64 issue - Other German States- Germany

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One of the German States. A duchy in Germany. It issued stamps from 1852 to 1866. After 31st of December 1867 the stamps of Brunswick were no longer valid for use, the stamps of the North German Confederation were used afterwards.

1852-1864 Arms of Brunswick: Horse with crown in a rectangle

1/4 sgr black on brown 1/3 sgr black 1/2 sgr green 1 Sg red 1 Sgr red, with blue cancel 1 Sgr black on yellow 1 Sg black on yellow, with cancel 1 sgr yellow, forgery? 2 sgr blue 2 Sgr black on blue 3 sgr black on red 3 sgr red

  1/4 Silb. Gr. (=3 Pfg) black on brown
  1/3 Silb. Gr. (=4 Silbr. Pf.) black
  1/2 Gr (=5 Pfennig) black on green
  1 Silb. Gr. rose
  1 Silb. Gr. black on yellow
  1 Silb. Gr. yellow
  2 Silb. Gr. black on blue
  2 Silb. Gr. blue
  3 Silb. Gr. black on red
  3 Silb. Gr. vermilion or rose

Some of these stamps exist rouletted:

Genuine Certified genuine Certified genuine

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks

No Watermark

1 sgr redRRRRR 
2 sgr blueRRRR 
3 sgr redRRRRR 

Watermark Posthorn

1/4 sgr black on brown RRRRR 
1/3 sgr blackRRRRimperforate
1/3 sgr blackRRRRRRrouletted
1/2 sgr black on green******imperforate
1/2 sgr black on greenRRRRRRrouletted
1 sgr black on yellowRR***imperforate
1 sgr black on yellowRRRRRRrouletted
1 sgr yellowRRrouletted
2 sgr black on blueR*** 
2 sgr black on blueRRRRR 
3 sgr black on redRRR*** 
3 sgr redRRRimperforate
3 sgr redRRRRRrouletted

 


(Two genuine stamps where the watermark 'Posthorn' can be seen at the backside)

The 1 Sgr red, 2 Sgr blue and 3 Sgr vermilion were issued without watermark, all the others have watermark posthorn in a square which is clearly visible. Most forgeries and reprints can be detected by the absence of this watermark (except the three stamps mentioned above). The issues 1 Sgr red, 2 Sgr blue, 3 Sgr vermilion (all three without watermark, 1852) and the following stamps with watermark: 1 Sgr black on yellow (1853), 2 Sgr black on blue (1853), 3 Sgr black on red (1853), 3 Sgr rose (1863) and 1 Sgr yellow (1865) can be recognized by the following distinguishing characteristics (The Spud Papers XVII): the tail of the horse touches the third perpendicular line from the right side of the oval. The letters in the upper inscription are clear and seperate.

The genuine 1/2 Sgr, 1/3 Sgr and 1/2 Sgr are different from the other values. In the genuine 1/4 Sgr the crown is the same as in the higher values and there must be a dot behind 'PFENNIG'. In the genuine 1/3 Sgr the 'G' of 'BRAUNSCHWEIG' is quite close to the edge of the riband. The 1/2 Sgr genuine stamp finally has a wide crown (in some forgeries it is small), the right foreleg of the horse nearly touches the oval, the fractional line of '1/2' is small (not almost as wide as the oval containing it) and the ends of the lower riband are rather close to the frame.

Forgeries:

For information on forgeries of the 1852-64 issue, click here.

Cancels:

I have seen many different kinds of cancels, townname in a circle (black or blue) an arc, or in a rectangle:

Typical townname cancels:

Typical cancel, could be a forgery 3 sgr red
(Townname in an arc and in a circle)


(Townname in a rectangle; "boxed postmark")

Some stamps are cancelled with a numeral (more information can be found on http://www.cwiakala.com/numerical.cancel.html ) or Michel Deutschland-Spezial-Katalog 1995 (Schwaneberger Verlag GmbH). They consists of 16 horizontal bars with a space left open in the center, where a number is placed (ranging from 1 to 50). Example:

1 sgr yellow, forgery?

The numbers stand for the following towns:  

  1  Badenhausen
  2  Bahrdorf
  3  Bevern
  4  Blankenburg
  5  Boden
  6  Boerssum
  7  Braunlage
  8  Brunswick (Braunschweig, main post office)
  9  Brunswick (Braunschweig railroad post office)
  10 Calvörde
  11 Delligsen
  12 Eschershausen
  13 Fürstenberg 
  14 Gandersheim
  15 Gittelde
  16 Greene (up to 10 October 1865) or Naensen (from 10 October 1865 onwards)
  17 Gross-Winnigstedt
  18 Halle/Weser
  19 Harzburg
  20 Hasselfelde
  21 Helmstedt
  22 Hessen
  23 Hohegeiss
  24 Holzminden
  25 Jerxheim
  26 Immendorf (up to 31 December 1860) or Hehlen (from 1 November 1862 onwards)
  27 Kl.-Rhüden (up to October 1864) or Bornum b. Seesen (from October 1864 onwards)
  28 Königslutter
  29 Kreiensen
  30 Langelsheim
  31 Lehre
  32 Lutter/Bge.
  33 Oker
  34 Ottenstein
  35 Rübeland
  36 Salder (seems to exist with thick and thin bars)
  37 Schoeningen
  38 Schoeppenstedt
  39 Seesen
  40 Stadtoldendorf
  41 Tanne
  42 Thedinghausen
  43 Vechelde
  44 Velpke
  45 Vorsfelde
  46 Walkenried
  47 Wolfenbüttel
  48 Zorge
  49 Mainzholzen (from 1 Aug 1857 to 10 October 1865) or Vorwohle (from 10 October 1865 onwards)
  50 Braunschweig (seems to be very rare)

The numeral cancels can be found on all issues.

I have also seen these stamps cancelled with a penstroke.

 

1857 Postmarke 3 Pfennige,issued in a group of 4 stamps

1/4 of the stamp

  1/4 Silb. Gr. Black on brown

This stamp should have watermark 'Posthorn'. The same stamp printed in brown on white paper was never issued (this stamp was prepared, but Brunswick entered the North German Confederation before it could be issued).

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
4/4 ggr black on brown **** 
4/4 ggr brown on white **-Unissued stamp

Howe to determine if this stamp is genuine?


(The ten distinguishing points of a stamp that I presume genuine)

Genuine stamps should have a watermark and (according to Distinguishing characteristcs of old german states by Schloss) and the following distinguishing characteristics (see pictures above and below for more details):

1 2 3 and 4
(distinguishing characteristics 1, 2, 3 and 4)

5 6 7
(distinguishing characteristics 5, 6 and 7)

8 9 10
(distinguishing characteristics 8, 9 and 10)

1) A dot behind the 'a' and 'r' in 'Postmarke' in the left upper field.
2) The crown's left lower part is open in the right upper field.
3) The '1' of '1/4' of the right upper field has no top stroke
4) The '4' is broken at the foot in the right upper field
5) The second 'g' of 'Gutengr.' has a missing lower part
6) There is a dot behind the 'a' of 'Postmarke' in the right lower field
7) A period can be found behind 'Postmarke' in the right bottom
8) The 'P' of 'Postmarke' in the lower right field touches the central frame line
9) The 'f' of 'Pfennige' in the lower left field extends across the inner frame line
10) Two dots can be found behind and in front of the 's' of 'Postmarke' in the left upper field.

By the way, I don't know if the cancel on the above stamp is genuine.


(Forged stamp)

 

1865 Arms of Brunswick: Horse with crown in an oval

  1/3 Gr. black
  1 Gr. red
  2 Gr. blue
  3 Gr. brown

A non-official reprint of the 1 g and 2 g stamps exist.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1/3 g**RR 
1 gc** 
2 g***** 
3 g**** 

Forgeries exist of these stamps. For example the forger Fournier offered all 4 values as first choice forgeries in his 1914 pricelist for 2 Swiss Francs. I do not know how to distinguish these forgeries and I also don't posess a picture at this moment. If anybody has more information, please contact me!

Fake cancel!

Many of these stamps have a forged postmark as the stamp shown above; the used stamps are many times more valuable.


Briefmarken - Stamps - Timbres-Poste

Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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