Return To Catalogue - Brunswick - Brunswick Miscellaneous - Other German States- Germany
Note: on my website many of the pictures can not be seen! They are of course present in the cd's;
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(Two genuine stamps where the watermark 'Posthorn' can be seen at the backside)
The 1 Sgr red, 2 Sgr blue and 3 Sgr vermilion were issued without watermark, all the others have watermark posthorn in a square which is clearly visible. Most forgeries and reprints can be detected by the absence of this watermark (except the three stamps mentioned above). The issues 1 Sgr red, 2 Sgr blue, 3 Sgr vermilion (all three without watermark, 1852) and the following stamps with watermark: 1 Sgr black on yellow (1853), 2 Sgr black on blue (1853), 3 Sgr black on red (1853), 3 Sgr rose (1863) and 1 Sgr yellow (1865) can be recognized by the following distinguishing characteristics (The Spud Papers XVII): the tail of the horse touches the third perpendicular line from the right side of the oval. The letters in the upper inscription are clear and seperate.
The genuine 1/2 Sgr, 1/3 Sgr and 1/2 Sgr are different from the other values. In the genuine 1/4 Sgr the crown is the same as in the higher values and there must be a dot behind 'PFENNIG'. In the genuine 1/3 Sgr the 'G' of 'BRAUNSCHWEIG' is quite close to the edge of the riband. The 1/2 Sgr genuine stamp finally has a wide crown (in some forgeries it is small), the right foreleg of the horse nearly touches the oval, the fractional line of '1/2' is small (not almost as wide as the oval containing it) and the ends of the lower riband are rather close to the frame.
Forgeries exist with the tail of the horse very close to the side of the oval, 'RA' of 'BRAUNSCHWEIG' are touching each other, the right hand bottom of 'A' goes under and touches the 'U' and finally the 'G' has a strange curl and is badly formed. I have only seen this forgery cancelled with a diamond constisting of black lines with a white hole in the middle (with a number, but I can't see which one) of this diamond. Examples of these forgeries:
(R and A are touching and A goes below U, note the curl of the 'G')
I've seen the values 1/4 Sgr black on brown, 1/3 Sgr black, 1 Sgr red and 2 Sgr blue of these particular forgeries.
In the next forgeries of the 1/4 Sgr value, the word 'BRAUNSCHWEIG' is too big, it touches in several places the containing label:
(Forgeries of the 1/4 Sgr with the word 'BRAUNSCHWEIG' too big)
(2 lines below horse)
I have seen forgeries with two straight lines below the horse going from one end of the oval to the other. They were offered by Fournier and can be seen in the 'Fournier Album of forgeries'. I've only seen it cancelled with horizontal bars or with 'BRAUNSCHWEIG' in a rectangle. I've seen the values 1/4 Sgr black on brown, 1/3 Sgr black, 1/3 Sgr black, 1/2 Sgr black on green, 1 Sgr yellow, 1 Sgr black on yellow, 2 Sgr blue, 2 Sgr black on blue 3 Sgr black on red and 3 Sgr red. I think I also saw this forgery with the cancel 'CORRE'('OS?') in a circle. It should be noted that Fournier also offered a second set of forgeries, different from those described above (first choice forgeries).
One of these forgeries, overprinted with a '9' numeral cancel, to make it seem more interesting, the lines cancel can still clearly be seen.
The following forged cancels were used by Fournier (obtained from the Forgeries idenfication site of Bill Claghorn), these images can be found in a Fournier album of philatelic forgeries:
(Forged Fournier cancels)
(Fournier first choice forgeries, with these forged cancels)
Other forgeries exist, examples:
Forgeries of stamps (one 1 sgr rose with an additional bisected 1 sgr rose) on letters can be found at: http://members.tripod.com/claghorn1p/Brunswick/index.htm of Bill Claghorn; (Winter forgery?). Quote from this website: "these covers first had the cover front with pen writing duplicated. The stamp was then placed manually and hand cancels applied. Therefore the handwriting is identical between examples but the stamp placement and markings vary."
I myself have seen the following envelope with 4 forged stamps on it (with one tete-beche!):
I have also seen the same letter(!) with identical handwriting, but with the stamps and cancels placed in a slightly different position. Could these be productions of Peter Winter? And again the same letter but with four 1 sgr red stamps (one inverted again), but now with cancel 'BRAUNSCHWEIG' in a semi-circle:
(Another Winter forgery)
The above forged letter has been forged by Peter Winter. Everything is forged, the letter, the stamps and the cancels. The letter is adressed to 'Messieurs Pansan et Montgolfier'. The same forged letter has also been used with stamps of Bremen and Wurttemberg.
(Probably a Winter forgery, similar to the ones above)
The following stamp has a strange 'PF', repaired?