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BRUNSWICK Forgeries of the 1852-64 issue, part 1

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(Two genuine stamps where the watermark 'Posthorn' can be seen at the backside)

The 1 Sgr red, 2 Sgr blue and 3 Sgr vermilion were issued without watermark, all the others have watermark posthorn in a square which is clearly visible. Most forgeries and reprints can be detected by the absence of this watermark (except the three stamps mentioned above). The issues 1 Sgr red, 2 Sgr blue, 3 Sgr vermilion (all three without watermark, 1852) and the following stamps with watermark: 1 Sgr black on yellow (1853), 2 Sgr black on blue (1853), 3 Sgr black on red (1853), 3 Sgr rose (1863) and 1 Sgr yellow (1865) can be recognized by the following distinguishing characteristics (The Spud Papers XVII): the tail of the horse touches the third perpendicular line from the right side of the oval. The letters in the upper inscription are clear and seperate.

The genuine 1/2 Sgr, 1/3 Sgr and 1/2 Sgr are different from the other values. In the genuine 1/4 Sgr the crown is the same as in the higher values and there must be a dot behind "PFENNIG". In the genuine 1/3 Sgr the "G" of "BRAUNSCHWEIG" is quite close to the edge of the riband. The 1/2 Sgr genuine stamp finally has a wide crown (in some forgeries it is small), the right foreleg of the horse nearly touches the oval, the fractional line of "1/2" is small (not almost as wide as the oval containing it) and the ends of the lower riband are rather close to the frame.

Reprints:

Ohrt's reprint book (Handbuch der Neudrucke) mentions that a private reprint exists of the 1/3 Sgr stamp in two types: with and without dot behind 'VIER'. This reprint was made on smooth paper, there is no watermark and there is a weakness in the second frameline under the 'LB' of 'SILBR'. Ohrt says that with the dot behind the 'VIER' the color black on white was issued. For the variety with dot, four different paper colors were used: white, yellow, grey and orange.


The reprints mentioned in Ohrt (reduced sizes)


Reprint. I've been told these were made in 1898. This is not the reprint mentioned in Ohrt's reprint book.

These are actually cuts from a larger sheets with various reprints made by Laßmann-Braunschweig, Reinheimer and H.Krötzsch (at least these names appear in the sheet). These are probably Hugo Krötzsch from Leipzig and A.Reinheimer of Frankfurt (both famous expertisers). There are three 1/3 Silb gr (one is shown above), three rectangular unissued designs (1x 1 gr and 2x 2 gr), two unissued elliptic designs (one shown above and another flatter 3 gr design), and finally the 1865 elliptic stamp design (2x 1gr, 4x 2 gr with one 2 gr stamp having an octagonal additional frame).


Are these the same reprints? I've been told that they were made by 'Lehrer Sassmann'

First forgery

Forgeries exist with the tail of the horse very close to the side of the oval, "RA" of "BRAUNSCHWEIG" are touching each other, the right hand bottom of "A" goes under and touches the "U" and finally the "G" has a strange curl (tail) and is badly formed. I have only seen this forgery cancelled with a diamond constisting of black lines with a white hole in the middle (with a number, but I can't see which one) of this diamond. There are guidelines around the stamps. Examples of these forgeries:

nietweergeven.jpg


("R" and "A" are touching and "A" goes below "U", note the curl of the "G")


I've been told that these forgeries are made by 'Thielsch'; they appear identical to me as the above forgeries.

I've seen the values 1/4 Sgr black on brown, 1/3 Sgr black, 1 Sgr black, 1 Sgr red, 1 Sgr yellow, 2 Sgr black on blue, 2 Sgr blue, 3 Sgr black (on red?) and 3 Sgr red of these particular forgeries.

Second forgery

In the next forgeries, the word "BRAUNSCHWEIG" is too big, it touches in several places the containing label. Also note the typical shape of the bottom part of the lower left ribbon:

An often used cancel on these forgeries seems to be "BRAUNSCHWEIG 4 JAN 1859 7 1/2 - 8 A" or the numeral "8" cancel. In the 2 Sgr value the bottom of the "2"s are curved. I've also seen the value 2 Sgr black on blue (also with the strange "2"s). Also note that the "3"s in the 3 sgr are too narrow when compared to a genuine stamp. The "G" of "Gr" in the 1/2 gr stamp is placed too high. The 3 g red stamp seems to have a "CORREOS 7.1.60. II-III" cancel? (I've also seen a 1 g red with the same cancel and also a different type of forgery with this cancel; see later. This cancel also appears on many forgeries of South America).
In the Billig handbook, two types of the 1/4 sgr value of this forgery set are shown. They differ in the words "DREI PFENNIG", which is short in type I (as shown above) and longer (more like the genuine stamp; the "D" is closer to the beginning of the label) in type II.


Is this a different type of the 1 sgr red? The '1's appear much narrower. Note the "CORREOS" cancel.

Third and fourth forgery (Spiro/Fournier)

Spiro/Fournier forgeries:


(2 lines below horse)


Different type, or forgery based on the above forgery? Forgery of the 1/4 Sgr with the front legs too curved backwards. It looks like there is grass below the horse instead of stones. Note the "annullano" cancel which I have also seen on forgeries of Naples.

I have seen forgeries with two straight lines below the horse going from one end of the oval to the other. They were offered by Fournier and can be seen in the 'Fournier Album of forgeries'. I think however, that Fournier did not make these forgeries, but just offered them. They were most likely made by Spiro. I've seen it cancelled with horizontal bars or with "BRAUNSCHWEIG" in a rectangle (even both the bar cancel and the "BRAUNSCHWEIG" cancel on two adjacent stamps). I've seen the values 1/4 Sgr black on brown, 1/3 Sgr black, 1/3 Sgr black, 1/2 Sgr black on green, 1 Sgr yellow, 1 Sgr black on yellow, 2 Sgr blue, 2 Sgr black on blue 3 Sgr black on red and 3 Sgr red. This set of forgeries is probably the most common of all forgeries. I have seen a full sheet of the 1 sgr black on yellow and the 3 sgr red stamps (25 stamps; 5 rows of 5), with both the line and "BRAUNSCHWEIG" cancels applied to the sheet. It should be noted that Fournier also offered a second set of forgeries, different from those described above (first choice forgeries, see later).


A typical sheet of these Spiro forgeries with mixed "BRAUNSCHWEIG" in a box cancels and line cancels.


One of these forgeries, overprinted with a "9" numeral cancel, to make it seem more interesting, however the original lines cancel can still clearly be seen.

The following forged cancels were used by Fournier (obtained from the Forgeries idenfication site of Bill Claghorn), these images can be found in a Fournier album of philatelic forgeries:


(Forged Fournier cancels, used on his first choice forgeries)


Fournier first choice forgeries, with these forged cancels. These forgeries have non-vertical shading lines just to the right of the crown. According to me, the "B" of "BRAUNSCHWEIG" is touching the label on top for the 1 gr.


Fournier forgeries.


A genuine Wolfenbuttel cancel for comparison.

Brunswick, forgeries of the 1852-64 issue, part 2


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer