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POLAND

Pologne - Polen

Return To Catalogue - Regular issues1919-1923, part 1 - Regular issues 1919-1923, part 2 - Local issues - Local overprints - Miscellaneous and local issues - Upper Silesia

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1860 Russian Eagle

  10 Kopecks blue and red

This stamp was no longer valid for use after 1865 and is the only stamp issued by Poland in the 19th century.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
10 kRRRR 

Similar stamps exist for Russia. Tyical cancellations:


('1' in 4 concentric circles, cancel used in Warsaw)


Reduced size, cancels: four rings, with number 210, (town of Sochaczew)


Fourrings cancel nr 73: Lublin

I know that the following 4 ring concentric circles with number in the center were used at:
1 Warsaw (Warszawa)
47 Ostroleka
63 Parczew
73 Lublin
106 Tarnogrod
107 Opatow
132 Skalbmierz
153 Przysucha
175 Granica
187 Tomaszow
191 Kalisz
210 Sochaczew
218 Plecka-Dabrowa
221 Konin
241 Wloclawek
250 Dobrzyn n.Drweca
253 Plock
282 Kibarty

I have only seen these cancels in black.


(Railroad cancel)

A 3.5mm dot cancel surrounded by 6 rings was used as a railroad cancel.


(Railroad cancel cancelled red 'DB'; Droga Bydgoska in four concentric rings)


(rectangular cancel with '1' in the center)

I've been told that the next stamp is a forgery:


(Forgery)

I posess some 'proofs' in black and blue (imperforate) with the central eagle design and background missing.


Only one stamp was issued in Poland in 1860. It was replaced with a russian stamp in 1863. From 1860 to 1916 the stamps of Russia, Germany and Austria were used in Poland (since Poland was divided between these countries). Examples of this period:

"Warsaw" cancellation on 3 k red stamp of Russia "Warsaw" cancellation on 1 R brown and orange of Russia "Warsaw" cancellation on 2 k green of Russia

'Lemberg Lwow' cancel on stamp of Austria
(reduced size)

Many names of towns were changed after the Polish independance. Some examples of the major city-names (German first, Polish second): Allenstein - Olsztyn, Beuthen - Bytom, Bielitz - Bielice, Breslau - Wroclaw, Brieg - Brzeg, Bromberg - Bydgoszcz, Danzig - Gdansk, Gleiwitz - Gliwice, Gnesen - Gniezno, Gorlitz - Zgorzelec, Kattowitz - Katowice, Krakau - Krakowiec, Landeck - Ledyczek, Liegnitz - Legnica, Loebau - Lubawa, Marienwerder - Kwidzyn, Memel - Klaipeda, Oppeln - Opole, Posen - Poznan and Waschau - Warszawa. a very useful site with many more of these names is: http://www.atsnotes.com/other/gerpol.html.


1918 Non issued local stamps of Warsaw, overprinted 'Poczta Polska' and surcharged with value, various designs

  '5 FEN. 5' on 2 g brown and yellow
  '10 FEN. 10' on 6 g green and yellow
  '25 FEN. 25' on 10 g red and yellow
  '50 FEN. 50' on 20 g blue and yellow

These stamps are perforated 11 1/2. Most values seem to exist with inverted overprint (value: ***)

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
5 f on 2 gcc 
10 f on 6 gc* 
25 f on 10 g** 
50 f on 20 g** 


(Typical cancellation)

 

1918 Stamps of Germany overprinted

Overprinted 'Poczta Polska' and 'Gen Gouv Warschau'

  3 p brown
  5 p green
  10 p red
  15 p violet (white background)
  20 p blue
  30 p orange and black on yellow
  40 p red and black
  60 p lilac

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
3 p**** 
5 pcc 
10 pcc 
15 pcc 
20 pcc 
30 pcc 
40 pcc 
60 pcc 
Further surcharged

  5 on 2 1/2 p grey
  5 on 3 p brown
  25 an 7 1/2 p orange

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
5 on 2 1/2 pcc 
5 on 3 p ** 
25 on 7 1/2 p cc 
Overprinted 'Poczta Polska' only (Poznan issue)

  5 on 2 p grey
  5 on 7 1/2 p orange
  5 on 20 p blue
  10 on 25 p orange and black on yellow
  10 on 40 p red and black

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
5 on 2 p**** 
5 on 7 1/2 pcc 
5 on 20 pcc 
10 on 25 p** 
10 on 40 p** 
Surcharged only (no 'poczta polska' overprint, Gniezno issue)

Genuine overprint

  '5' (red) on 2 p grey
  '10' (green) on 7 1/2 p orange

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
5 on 2 p******I've seen inverted surcharges
10 on 7 1/2 p****** 

 

1918-19 Stamps of Austria overprinted 'POLSKA POCZTA'

'POLSKA POCZTA' on 'k.u.k. FELDPOST KARLFONDS' and eagle in black circle, POCZTA at the bottom (Lublin issue)


(Reduced size)

  10 h green
  20 h red
  45 h blue
  

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
10 h** 
20 h** 
45 h** 


(Proof of this overprint)

'POLSKA POCZTA' on 'K.u.K. FELDPOST' and eagle in black circle

Inverted overprint

3 hal on 15 h red 10 HAL on 30 h grey 45 HAL on 60 h red
(Reduced sizes)

  '3 Hal' on 2 h olive
  '3 Hal' on 15 h red
  '10 HAL' on 30 h grey (overprint black or violet)
  '25 HAL' on 40 h olive
  '45 HAL' on 60 h red
  '45 HAL' on 80 h blue
  '50 HAL' on 60 h red
  50 h green
  90 h lilac

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
3 h on 2 h****** 
3 h on 15 h ** 
10 h on 30 h*** 
25 h on 40 h**** 
45 h on 60 h** 
45 h on 80 h** 
50 h on 60 h **** 
50 h****** 
90 h** 
'POCZTA POLSKA' without eagle (Krakow or Cracow issue)


(Reduced sizes)

  3 h violet
  5 h green
  6 h orange
  10 h red
  12 h blue
  15 h red
  20 h green
  25 on 80 h brown
  25 h blue
  30 h violet
  40 h olive
  50 h green
  60 h blue
  80 h brown
  90 h lilac
  1 K red on yellow
  2 K blue
  3 K red
  4 K green
  10 K violet

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
3 h******Nbr of stamps issued: 2350
5 h******Nbr of stamps issued: 2050
6 h**Nbr of stamps issued: 28800
Inverted overprints exist.
10 h******Nbr of stamps issued: 2250
12 h****Nbr of stamps issued: 15640
15 h****Nbr of stamps issued: 62750
20 h******Nbr of stamps issued: 5340
25 hRRNbr of stamps issued: 1300
25 h on 80 h**Nbr of stamps issued: 100000
30 h******Nbr of stamps issued: 3740
40 h****Nbr of stamps issued: 22390
Inverted and double overprints exist.
50 h****Nbr of stamps issued: 58230
Inverted overprints exist.
60 h**Nbr of stamps issued: 67020
Inverted overprints exist.
80 h**Nbr of stamps issued: 74190
Inverted and double overprints exist.
90 hRRRRNbr of stamps issued: 1300
1 K**Nbr of stamps issued: 50860
2 K**Nbr of stamps issued: 90275
3 KRRNbr of stamps issued: 8005
4 KRRRRNbr of stamps issued: 5508
10 KRRRRRRNbr of stamps issued: 550
'POCZTA POLSKA' on newspaper stamps

  2 h brown
  4 h green
  6 h blue
  10 h orange
  30 h red

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
2 h****Nbr of stamps issued: 23150
4 h**Nbr of stamps issued: 56350
6 h**Nbr of stamps issued: 71950
10 h****Nbr of stamps issued: 11350
30 h**Nbr of stamps issued: 34950

More info on these overprints can be found at: http://www.polonus.org/krakow/index.html. For various other overprints click here.

Forged overprints:

Forged overprints exist (for example for the Krakow issue, in 1927 already 60 % of the common and 90 % of the rare stamps were forgeries, source: the above mentioned website).

Example of a forgery:


(Left genuine, right forged overprint)

Other examples of forged overprints:

More information on forgeries can be found at http://www.polonus.org/krakow/index.html.

 

1919 Issue of Tarnow, stamps of Austria overprinted 'Rzp. Polska'

Example:


(Reduced sizes)


(Reduced sizes)

On postage stamps of Austria
  3 h violet
  5 h green
  6 h orange
  10 h red
  12 h blue
  15 h red
  20 h green
  25 h blue
  30 h violet
  40 h olive
  50 h green
  60 h blue
  80 h brown
  90 h lilac
  1 K red on yellow
  2 K blue
  3 K red
  4 K green
  10 K violet

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
3 h*** 
5 h*** 
6 h*** 
10 h**** 
12 h**** 
15 h**** 
20 h**** 
25 h**** 
30 h**** 
40 h**** 
50 h**** 
60 h**** 
90 h**** 
1 K**** 
2 K****** 
3 K****** 
4 K****** 
10 KRR 
On newspaper stamps 


(Reduced sizes)

  2 h brown
  4 h green
  6 h blue
  10 h orange
  30 h red

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
All values****** 
On Postage Due stamp


(Reduced size)

  1 K blue

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1 KRR 

 


1919 - 1923 Regular issues, part 1 and part 2

Examples of this period:

25 h red 15 h red 3000 M brown "Konarski" 20 g blue


Upper Silesia

Stamps in the following design were issued for Upper Silesia, click here for more details:

5 M brown


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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