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HAWAII 1851-1858

Return To Catalogue - 1859-1863 issues - 1864-1899 issues - Hawaii Miscellaneous

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1851 Value, inscription 'Hawaiian Postage' or 'H.I.US. Postage', so-called missionary issue


Image found on: http://www.si.edu/postal/collections/recent95.htm (National Postal Museum, Smithsonian Institution, USA), reduced size


(Images obtained from a Siegel auction)

Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com
Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com


(These three images were obtained from a Bennett auction)


(Images obtained from a Schuyler Rumsey auction)

  2 c blue (only 16 stamps are known to have survived)
  5 c blue
  13 c blue (Hawaiian Postage)
  13 c blue (H.I.&U.S. Postage)

These stamps, the so-called 'Missionaries' were placed on sale on October 1st, 1851.  They were called 'Missionaries' because they are almost always found on post from American missionaries in Hawaii to their family back in the United States. The 2c Missionary was used to paid for newspapers to the U.S.A. The 5c Missionary was for Hawaiian postage. The 13c Missionary paid for letters to the East Coast of the U.S.A. The text 'Hawaiian Postage' was changed into 'H.I.&U.S Postage' to make it clearer to the public that a part of US postage had to be paid aswell in the 13 c issue.

Part of an envelope with four 2 c and one 5 c stamps:

Image obtained from http://stamp.uuu.ru/myweb8/gl_7_11.htm

The above image was found on http://stamp.uuu.ru/myweb8/gl_7_11.htm (in Russian, unfortunately I don't speak Russian, so I do not know what is said about the above cover). I think however, that this might be a Grinnell forgeries (71 Grinnell forgeries were 'discovered' in 1919, 43 of them sold to a stamp dealer, for more information see: http://www.hawaiianstamps.com/mi_grinnell.html or http://www.sil.si.edu/silpublications/grinnell/grinnell-intro.htm). By the way, the great forgery expert Varro E. Tyler believed that the Grinnell stamps could be genuine.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
All valuesRRRRRR 

Forgeries:

Many forgeries exist, even in wrong colours:

13 c blue 'H.I.&U.S. Postage', forgery 13 c brown, wrong colour!


(Reduced size)

and the same forgery 5 c in black, the 13 c is apparently made by the same forger:


(Forgery with a period after 'Cents'! At least one other forgery should exist with a period after 'Cents')

2 c blue, forgery

The above two forgeries of the 2 c can be recognized by the strange corner ornaments in the lower right corner (above the 's' of 'Cents'). The first forgery has a spike with two curved lines in the corner. The second one has a circle with a spike coming out of it.

Another forgery of the 5 cents value seems to exist with '5 Cents' instead of 'Five Cents'

A good site on the forgeries of this site can be found at http://www.hawaiianstamps.com/mi_current.html

Scott forgeries (the same one who edits the catalogues!):

2 c blue, forgery 5 c blue, forgery 13 c blue, forgery 13 c blue, forgery

The Scott forgeries of the 2, 5 and 13 c (Hawaiian postage) can be easily recognized by inspecting the corners of the ornaments (below the 'P' and 'e' of 'postage' and above the lower '13' and 's' of 'Cents'. There are leafs in the corner that are not connected to the central design.


(A Peter Winter forgery, made somewhere in the 1980's)

I presume that this Winter forgery is printed on modern white paper, as all his other forgeries that I have seen. Peter Winter has also reproduced the two types of the altered 13c stamps, I have no picture available of these forgeries.

Then there are the above mentionned Grinnell forgeries.

 

1853 King Kemehameha III so-called 'Boston engraved issue'

Genuine, image obtained from a Bennett auction "Genuine" 13 c red

  5 c blue
  13 c red

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
5 cRRRR 
13 cRRRRRR 
Reprints:

Reprints exist, overprinted 'SPECIMEN.' or 'REPRINT.', examples:


(5 c with red 'SPECIMEN.' overprint, reduced size)

The reprint of the 13 c has the bottom of the '3' in the upper left corner more rounded than in the originals.

Forgeries:

Much more information than I can give here can be found on the excellent website http://www.hawaiianstamps.com/bgforgery.html.

Forgery! Look at the cancel! Image obtained thanks to John W. Kiss
(Spiro forgeries)

The above stamps are (Spiro) forgeries and are described in 'The Spud Papers'. First of all, the cancels are typical 'Spiro' cancels. The hair of the king has too much white in it and the face is too roughly shaded compared to the original. After the '5 cts' there should be a dot, which is absent here.


(Spiro forgery of the 5 c value)

As in the 13 c the head of the king has too much white in it. The beginning of the portrait just above the 'FIVE CTS' is quite rough in this forgery (in the genuine stamp this is a perfectly straight line). I have also seen a red 5 c Spiro forgery, the 5 c was never issued in this colour.


Dangerous Taylor, 'first printing' forgery

The above Taylor, first printing forgery, is dangerous, it has different 'S' and 'A' in the word 'POSTAGE' when compared to a genuine stamp.

Other forgeries:

Bottom inscription too large, strange cancel
(Very primitive forgeries)


('13' different, bogus cancel)


(Another forgery, different lettering of 'POSTAGE' and '5' and more differences)

The most dangerous forgeries seem to be made by Allan S. Taylor, he only made forgeries of the 13 c, but in no less than three different types (see the above mentioned website for more details)..

There also exist stamps surcharged with a '5':


(Genuine overprint, image obtained from a Siegel auction)


(Genuine, reduced size, image obtained from a Siegel auction)


(Images obtained from a Schuyler-Rumsey auction)

Forgeries exist of this surcharge, example:

'5' on 13 c red, forgery!
(Peter Winter forgeries)


(Winter forgery?)

More information on this forgery can be found on http://www.hawaiianstamps.com/bgforgery.html, these are Peter Winter forgeries. The first stamp is lithographed instead of engraved. I have only seen it with the cancel 'AUG 14'. I have also seen a Peter Winter forgery of the 5 c value (uncancelled, see picture next to it). Peter Winter forgeries are often referred to as 'Pro Phil Forum' forgeries (Pro Phil Forum was the company offering the Winter forgeries).


Other modern forgery, the word 'FAUX' (=forgery) has been added in the lower right corner


(Bogus issue, wrong colours; 13 c black on red!)

I've also seen a block of 4 forgeries (probably recent productions), with 'FAUX'(?) written below the lower right hand corner.

For stamps of Hawaii from 1859 to 1863 click here.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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