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BRITISH GUIANA Provisional issue of 1862

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British Guiana 1860

1862 "BRITISH GUIANA POSTAGE" in a square, signature in the middle, provisional issue, rouletted (often cut though)

Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com With Rendon certificate, Type 23 Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Genuine, with Rendon certificate Misprint with wrong ornament on the left hand side besides the 'TI' type 1 in the sheet With BPA certificate Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Most likely genuine
(The above stamps are genuine stamps)

Image obtained from a Shreves auction, probably type 21 Not sure if this stamp is genuine.

  1 c black on lilac
  2 c black on yellow
  4 c black on blue

There are 3 different borders for the 1 c and 2 c ("crossed ovals" 12 stamps in a sheet of 24; "pearls" 8 stamps and "grapes" 4 stamps). Another 3 different borders exist for the 4 c ("hearts and pearls, 10 stamps in a sheet of 24, "cross in rosace, with inner lines", 2 stamps; subtype "cross in rosace, without inner lines" 6 stamps and "trefoil" 6 stamps). They were all printed in sheets of 24 stamps (4 rows of 6), resulting in 24 varieties. The 2 c was printed by removing the value "ONE CENT" and replacing it by "TWO CENTS". There must be a signature of the postmaster 'R.M. As. R.G.' (Robert Mather Assistant Receiver General) on it. The signature is black on the 1 c, red on the 2 c and white (actually due to decoloration of the paper) on the blue stamps. Furthermore many forgeries exist (some of them already produced in the 1870's, by the way, I'm not sure if the above stamps are all genuine). An article describing the types of this issue can be found in the Philatelic Record of 1881-1882 (page 108) by F.A.Philbrick. All the subtypes are described here. Already back in 1882, 1 out of 20 stamps only was genuine....

Genuine, with Rendon certificate Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com With Rendon certificate
The main types of the 1 and 2 c: Ovals, Pearls and Grapes types (all genuine)

Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com With BPA certificate Not sure if this stamp is genuine.
The main types of the 4 c: Hearts and pearls, Cross in rosace types (with inner lines), Cross in rosace types (without inner lines) and the trefoil type (this type has no inner lines).

For British Guiana 1862, provisional issue, subtypes, click here.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
Value Unused Used Remarks
1 c RRR RRR  
2 c RRR RRR  
4 c RRR RRR  

Images of a whole sheet of 1 c and 4 c stamps can be found in Die Ferrary Auktionen (II Auktion, plate 8).

Remainders of the 1 c exist with no signature and no perforation.

Types 10, 16 and 22. Types 11, 17 and 23. Subtypes 6, 12, 18 and 24.
Remainders of the 1 c; always without perforation (normal stamps were rouletted).

For Types and Subtypes, click here.

 

Forgeries, examples:

Moens forgeries (or based on Moens' catalogue)/ Fournier forgeries:

The images show the stamps as they appears in the Moens catalogue ('Les Timbres-Poste Illustres' by J.-B.Moens 1864) are shown first and then are shown forgeries based on this Moens catalogue (either by Moens himself or someone who based himself on this catalogue):

The illustration of the Moens catalogue where the forgeries were based on Forgery! Forgery!
The 4 cents value did not have a pearl border type. The other values were apparently made by the same forger. Some of the forgeries have an outer frameline (as it appears in the Moens catalogue, but not on the genuine stamps). I've seen a 4 c of this forgery in a Fournier Album. The 5th pearl from the top on the left hand side has a dot in it (which does not appear on the original Moens image!). These forgeries are mentioned in Album Weeds. Note the low "T" in the "ONE CENT" value. The 2 c with signature and convincing cancel is rather deceptive.

The illustration of the Moens catalogue where the forgeries were based on
Another Moens forgery: The crossed oval border only appeared on the 1 c and 2 c values, never on the 4 c as in the above forgery. For the 1 c and 2 c, this forgery does not correspond to any of the genuine subtypes. Also, the signature is missing or is wrong.

The illustration of the Moens catalogue where the forgeries were based on With BPA certificate, however I'm not 100 % convinced that it is genuine.....
Another Moens forgery; the cancel might have been applied by Fournier. I've also seen the 4 c value of this particular forgery. Note the typical position of the grapes in the corners.


Fournier forgeries and forged 'A03' cancel (images taken from a 'Fournier Album', reduced sizes). Note that the '3' of the 'A03' cancel has a flat top.


Moens forgery as it appears in his stamps catalogue of 1864. Next to it a forgery from a Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries of the 1 c value, differing from the above forgery. This stamp has a trefoil frame, which was never used for the 1 c value (it was only used on the 4 c). Next to it a 2 c forgery, made by the same forger. The 4 c forgeries have the trefoil pattern, but it doesn't resemble a genuine pattern. Also note the small "S" in "CENTS". And a stamp from the Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries (with "FAUX" overprint)


Moens forgery as it appears in his stamps catalogue of 1864. In the Ragatz book on Fournier forgeries, a 1 c of this type is shown with a "A03" Fournier cancel. Note the spaces between the last upper right ornament and the others and other small spaces between the ornaments.


Fournier forgery of the 1 c based on the above Moens forgery.


Other cuts from a Fournier Album.


Other example from a Fournier Album.


Left: bogus design with flowers in the corners that appeared in the Moens catalogue in 1864 ('Les Timbres-Poste Illustres' by J.-B.Moens 1864, plate 54).

With Fournier cancel 'A03'
Forgeries based on the above Moens bogus design. The corner designs should not have flowers as in the above forgeries. The signature in the center also does not resemble the genuine signature. There are at least two different types of the 4 c (as shown above, note for example the position of the "T" of "CENTS"). There shouldn't be any outer guidelines in the stamps. The 1 c has a 'Fournier' cancel.

Forgery!
Same forgery as above,1 c value, reduced size. All stamps with manual inscription 'Nor Bor' are forgeries (source: http://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=19438&view=next)


Another forgery of the 4 c value. It looks very much like the illustration that appeared on the right hand side of Moens shown above.

 

Other forgeries:


The crossed oval border only appeared on the 1 c and 2 c values, never on the 4 c as in the above forgeries. Also, the signature is missing. The cancel (parallel bars) looks bogus to me.


The lettering is very badly done in this forgery. The ornaments are quite different from any genuine pattern. This forgery has an outer frameline.

Forgery
Some 'Nor Bor' forgeries. The ovals at the right hand side are all pointing downwards towards the left. No genuine type has such an arrangement. The cancel applied to these forgeries appears to be some square consisting of lines with numbers 'A03'? in the center. Some of the above forgeries have the ornament next to the "ST" of "POSTAGE" different from the other ornaments.


Rather deceptive forgery, the oval next to the "ST" of "POSTAGE" is quite different from the rest. This is probably the second forgery of Type II of Album Weeds.


Some other 'Nor Bor' forgeries.


Extract from Bazaar Exchange and Mart Vol. 64, 1892, indicating that this forgery type was already well known in 1892: "where you see a British Guiana provisional with the words "nor bor" written on it, you may put it aside as a forgery without further examination."

Forgery from the Fournier Album.
Some badly done forgeries. In my opinion, in the left hand pattern, the halfmoons in the pearls are pointing to the right, in the genuine stamps, they point to the right. The last forgery was found in the Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries. Note the inscription "ONE CENTS" in some of the above forgeries.


I presume that these are two more deceptive forgeries of the 2 c value. Note the strange signature in the center. The third stamp was offered on a Sandafayre auction as being genuine though....


The 'hearts and pearls' border was never used for the 2 c value....


Forgery with the text too large.


Some forged minisheets (reduced sizes). Genuine stamps were printed in sheets of 24.

 

Issue of 1863


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer