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HANOVER (Germany) 1850-1852

Return To Catalogue - Hanover 1853-1866 - Postal stationery and private issues

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Hanover is one of the German States. A Kingdom in the north of Germany. Chief towns are Hanover, Osnabruck, Hildesheim and Gottingen. It issued stamps from 1850 to 1866, it used the stamps of Prussia afterwards.

1850 Value and arms, imperforated

1 g black on blue 1 g black

  1 Ggr black on greyish blue
  1 Ggr black on green (1851)
  1 Ggr black and green (with network)

For the specialist: The 1 Grg black on greyish blue has as watermark a square frame. The 1 Ggr black on green has as watermark a wreath of oak leaves. The watermark can be used as a first check to detect forgeries. The last stamp with network is identical to the 1850 issue, except that a network has been applied and NO watermark is used.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1 Ggr black on greyish blue RRR***Watermark 'Square frame'
1 Ggr black on green****Watermark 'Oak leaves'
1 Ggr black on green****No watermark, with network

Forgeries

Examples:

Forgery!

The above stamp is the first forgery described in Album Weeds. There should be a dot behind 'EIN'. The forgery above doesn't have this dot. Furthermore the mouth of the unicorn is quite different from the genuine stamps, it seems to be wide open.The lion's tongue is not as curved as in the genuine stamps and the crown on the head of the lion is very small. The harp in the arms should have 4 strings, but only has 2 in this forgery (however, this is hardly visible in the above images).

The above forgery of the was made by Fournier, the shield is pointing towards the 'O' of 'HANNOVER'. THe head of the unicorn is different from the genuine stamps. There are many other differences with a genuine stamp, note for example that the 'R' of 'GGR' is placed almost horizontally, while is it slanting in the genuine stamps. A 'FAUX' overprint (=forgery in French) has been applied on this particular copy. Normally these forgeries are cancelled with a double circle town cancel with no date.

Be careful for chemically changed colours of the 1 g black on green to 1 g black on blue (the 1 g black on blue is many times more valuable than the 1 g black on green). The different watermarks of the two stamps can be used to detect these forgeries.

 

1850 Value and arms, imperforated, slightly different design

1/30 T black on pink 1/10 T black on yellow 1/20 t black on yellow

  1/30 Thaler black on pink
  1/15 Thaler black on blue
  1/10 Thaler black on yellow

For the specialist: These stamps have an 'wreath of oak leave' watermark. The watermark can be used as a first check to detect forgeries. A private reprint of the 1/10 Th stamp exist (with no watermark).

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1/30 ThR*** 
1/15 ThR*** 
1/10 ThRR***Reprint without watermark: *

Reprints


(I've been told that this is an official reprint or 'Amtliche Neudruck' of the 1/10 Th stamp in non-issued colours: black and red, reduced size)

Forgeries, examples:

Forgery!


(Enlarged upper part, wide open mouth of unicorn, small crown on lion's head)

The above stamp is the first forgery described in Album Weeds. The mouth of the unicorn is quite different from the genuine stamps, it seems to be wide open.The lion's tongue is not as curved as in the genuine stamps and the crown on the head of the lion is very small. The harp in the arms should have 4 strings, but only has 2 in this forgery (however, this is hardly visible in the above images).

Fournier forgeries:

Fournier forgery! Fournier forgery!
(With 'FAUX' overprint from a 'Fournier Album')


(left Fournier forgery, right genuine)


(left Fournier forgery, right genuine)

The above forgeries were sold by Fournier (see the 'Fournier album'), it has the point of the shield pointing to the center of the second 'N' of 'HANNOVER'. All three values were forged. The head of the unicorn is different from the genuine stamp (for example the eye). The cancel on these forgeries seems always to be a city name in a double circle without any date in the center (as far as I have seen), example 'Luneburg':


(Fournier forgeries, typical cancel, no date, reduced size)

 

1856 As 2nd 1850 issue but with coloured network

1/30 T black and pink 1/15 T black and blue 1/10 T black and yellow

  1/30 Thaler black and pink
  1/15 Thaler black and blue
  1/10 Thaler black and yellow

Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com
Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com

For the specialist: This stamp is identical to the 1850 issue, except that a network has been applied and they don't have any watermark. The 1/10 Th also exists with a smaller mazed network.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1/30 ThR*** 
1/15 ThR*** 
1/10 ThRR*** 

Reprints:


(1888 reprint)

I've been told that the above stamp is a reprint made in 1888, I have no further information.

Forgeries:

Example:

Forgery!

In the 1/15 Thaler the hoof of the unicorn (the animal on the right), should be very close to the shield and not, as in the above stamp, be very far away from it. The above forgery was sold by Fournier (see the 'Fournier album'), it has the point of the shield pointing to the center of the second 'N' of 'HANNOVER'. I've also seen the 1/30 Th and 1/10 Th. The cancel on these forgeries seems always to be a city name in a double circle without any date in the center (see above with the non-network issues).

For later issues of Hanover (1853-1866) click here.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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