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HANOVER 1853-1866

Return To Catalogue - Hanover 1850-1852 - Cancels, Postal stationery and private issues

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30 Silbergroschen = 24 Gutegroschen = 1 Thaler


For earlier issues of Hanover (1850-1852) click here.

1853-1863 Value and crown in oval

Probably genuine, this stamp has a watermark without network With network 3 p green rouletted

  3 Pfennige red (1853)
  3 Pfennige red, with network in black (1856)
  3 Pfennige green (1863, other insciption)

For the specialist: The 3 p red was issued with and without watermark (oak leaves). The 3 p with network was only issued without watermark. The 3 p green was also issued with no watermark. All these stamps are imperforated, but the 3 p green was also issued rouletted.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
3 p redRRRRWatermark 'Oak Leaves' , no network
3 p red******No watermark, no network
Reprint:*
3 p redRRRRNo watermark, with network
3 p greenRRRRRRNo watermark, imperforate
3 p green******No watermark, rouletted, red or white gum

Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com
(Stamp from the lower bottom right of a sheet, with number '12' to the right and '1856' at the bottom)

Reprints and forgeries:

Reprint!
(Reprint)

Reprints were made of the 3 p red in 1869, it has been retouched slightly. The tips of the ornaments at the left of the 'P' and the right of the 'E' of 'PFENNIGE' are now pointing straight down, instead of being curved outwards as in the genuine stamps. There also exists a private reprint with wrong inscription 'EIN 'DRITTEL SILBERGROSCHEN' instead of 'DREI ZEHNTEL SILBERGROSCHEN':


(Tete-beche reprints, one with wrong inscription)

Forgery!

The above stamp is a forgery (the first forgery described in Album Weeds): the letter 'NO' of 'HANNOVER' almost touch the '3', in the genuine stamp, the word 'HANNOVER' should be in the middle between the '3' and the crown. The top of the '3' has the same size as the bottom of it (in the genuine stamp the bottom of the '3' is larger). The 'P' of 'PFENNIGE' touches the first background line on the left. The 'P' in the genuine stamp begins between the second and third line from the left. I have seen this forgery with a cancel with text 'HANNOVER' in a double circle with no date, but also with a small rectangular cancel 'FRANCO'.

I possess a forgery of the 3 p rouletted stamp which is apparantly made by photography. The image shows small dots as can be observed in images in newspapers, but this is only visible with a magnifying glass. My copy has the cancel: 'HANNOVER 2/9 1-2 B K'. This stamp has printed 'Replik' on the back (probably from German origin), but it does not seem to be one of the Peter Winter forgeries.

The next stamp is a Peter Winter forgery:


Peter Winter forgery

I also posess a 3 p green forgery with a very blotchy impression. The tips of the ornaments at the left of the 'P' of 'PFENNIGE' are pointing straight down. The 'P' and final 'E' of 'PFENNIGE' are much too close to the elliptic frame. The cancel is very strange: a 5-ringed concentric circle cancel, unlike any genuine cancel I've ever seen on the stamps of Hanover.

The following stamps are Fournier (a famous forger) forgeries, I have not yet been able to see how these forgeries can be distinguished from genuine stamps:

Fournier forgery!

Second choice Fournier forgeries?

Fournier forgery!

In the above stamps the tip of the ornaments at the left of the 'P' of 'PFENNIGE' is pointing straight down. Also note the cancels with only the city name (no date).


Fournier forgery with 'FREIBURG 17 10' in a double circle, as can be found in 'The Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries' (see below)

In the above Fournier forgery, the tips of the ornaments to the left of the 'P' of 'PFENNIGE' and to the right of the 'E' of this word are also pointing downwards.

Sperati forgery:

Sperati forgery
(Image obtained from Richard Frajola's website)


(Front and backside of a Sperati forgery)

The following distinghuishing characteristics are valid for this Sperati forgery:

1) The 'E' and 'H' of 'ZEHNTEL' are joined at the bottom
2) The letters 'L' and 'B' of 'SILBER' are joined at the bottom
3) The letters 'H' and 'E' of 'GROSCHEN' are joined by a thin line in the middle
4) The 'A' of 'HANNOVER' has no white space in it.
5) The 'E' of 'HANNOVER' has its lower and center stroke joined (not visible in the first stamp above).

The first picture was found on Richard Frajola's website: http://www.seymourfamily.com/rfrajola/Sperati/speratiindex.htm. Sperati forgeries are expensive and sought after in general. The differences with genuine stamps are often microscopic.

 

1859 King George V, imperforate or rouletted

Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com
(Imperforate)


(Rouletted)

  1 Groschen red
  2 Groschen blue
  3 Groschen yellow (orange)
  3 Groschen brown (1861)
  10 Groschen green (1861)

For the specialist: these stamps exists imperforated (1 g red, 2 g blue, 3 g brown, 3 g yellow, 10 g green) and rouletted (1 g red, 2 g blue and 3 g brown, 1864). The 2 g exists in a subtype with the bottom of the '2' curved (appears once on every sheet in the bottom left corner):


(Curved '2')

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks

Imperforate

1 g** 
2 g****** 
3 g yellowRR***reprint: *
3 g brown******reprint: *
10 g greenRRRRRR 
Rouletted
1 g****red or white gum
2 gR*** 
3 gR***with red gum: RR
reprint: *


(The sides of the sheets of these stamps contain numbers, the so-called 'Reihenzähler')

Postal forgeries

It seems that a postal forgery of the 1 g imperforate stamp was made,only about three have survived. I do not have any further information.

Forgeries and reprints

Examples:

Forgery!

The above 2 g stamp is the second forgery described in Album Weeds (though Album Weeds only mentions the 1 g value of this particular forgery). There are many differences with the genuine stamp, but especially the differences in the eye and mustache can be seen immediatly. I think the 10 g stamps are made by the same forger. Note that in these stamps the '10' is smaller than in the genuine stamp and that the '1' is placed at a greater distance from the left border. I have seen the 10 g value cancelled with a large cancel consisting of 4 concentric circles (probably empty in the center).

The above stamp is a forgery of the 2 g with the bottom of the '2' curved. Note that the 'S' of 'GROSCHEN' has a very flat shape and that the letters 'NOV' of 'HANNOVER' are too close to the circle above them.

3 g brown, reprint?
(Reprints)

I have also come across many 3 gr uncancelled stamps which I believe must be reprints. These reprints are very difficult to distinguish according to 'An illustrated catalog of all known reprints of officially issued postage stamps and postal stationery, 1840 to 1892' by Kalckhoff, Hilckes and Evans. However, they are printed quite badly on thicker paper than the originals and can be recognized in this way. They were made by a Berlin stamp dealer (David Cohn). Note the very thick line under the eye of the king. If they are perforated, the perforation is different from the genuine stamps. The 'Berliner Philatelisten-Klub' bought the printing materials used by Cohn in 1895 and donated them to the 'Reichpostmuseum' (source: http://www.berliner-philatelisten-klub-1888.de/hist.htm).

Two forgeries of the 10 g value with the '10' too small:

Note the small '10'!

Other forgeries

Probably a modern reproduction

I've been told that the above stamps are forgeries. I have no further information on these stamps.


(This forgery was made by Senf. It has a 'FALSCH' overprint)

Fournier forgeries:

In the Fournier Album of Philatelic forgeries the values 1 g, 2 g and 3 g (brown?) , all imperforate, can be found as second choice forgeries. Fournier also offered a first choice forgery of the 10 g. Sorry, no pictures available yet. For cancels used by Fournier see end of this section.

Sperati forgeries:

Sperati made two forgeries of the 10 g value, some of them on genuine paper with genuine cancels (by removing the image of a lower valued stamp). The pictures were found on Richard Frajola's website: http://www.seymourfamily.com/rfrajola/Sperati/speratiindex.htm. Sperati forgeries are expensive and sought after in general. The differences with genuine stamps are often microscopic.

Sperati forgery, type I Sperati forgery, type II
(Images obtained from Richard Frajola's website)

Distinghuishing characteristics of the Sperati forgeries

Type I
1) In the right corner ornament there are: a break in the upper frameline, a white dot in the ornament in the extreme corner; next to this there is a green dot.
2) There are weak spots in the circular frameline just below 'O' and 'C' of 'GROSCHEN' and just above the pearls (covered by the cancel in this case).

Type II
1) The 'G' of 'GROSCHEN' is split (looks like a horn)
2) In the right upper corner, the lower curly ornament (the end of the frameline) is also split.


(Stamp with a bogus 'star' cancel)

 

1860 Horn and crown

Genuine

Rouletted, certified genuine

  1/2 Groschen black

For the specialist, this stamp was issued imperforated or rouletted (1864). Reprints exist.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1/2 gRRImperforate
With red gum: RR
Reprint: *
1/2 gRRRRRouletted, white or red gum

In the genuine stamp the horn appears much lighter than the text and the border. The two above shown stamps could very well be forgeries. The genuine stamps were printed on paper, which shows irregular spots when held against the light (according to: 'The Forged Stamps of all Countries' by J.Dorn).

Forgeries:

Forgery!

In the genuine stamp, if the fraction line of the '1/2' would be continued upwards it must touch the 'R' of 'HANNOVER'. In the second stamp above it would touch the 'V' (and is therefore a forgery).

Fournier forgery?


(Fournier? forgeries)

The above forgery bears the cancel 'HANNOVER 8 11 44' in a double circle, exactly the same cancel as can be found in 'The Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries' (see below). I therefore presume this is a Fournier forgery. I don't know the distinghuishing characteristics for this particular forgery.

Sperati also made a forgery of this stamp

Sperati forgery
(Image obtained from Richard Frajola's website)

I have no further information about this forgery at this moment.

What are these, the same stamps in the colours green and red?:


(Mystery stamps in green and red)


Fournier forged cancels

The following cancels are taken from a Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries, Fournier was a forger in the early 20th century:


(Reduced sizes)

Other cancels that can be found in the Fournier Album are:
'HAGE 6 2' in a double circle
'OSNABRUECK 21/9 8-S' in a double circle
'FREIBURG 17 10' in a double circle
'HANNOVER 1 MAI 64' in a double circle
'HANNOVER 24/11 9-10 N B' in a double circle
'HAMBURG 2 9 67 9-10N' in a single circle

I do not know on which stamps these forged cancels were applied.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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