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BADEN Miscellanous

Return To Catalogue - Baden - Other German States - Germany

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Postage Due Stamps

1862 Inscription LAND-POST PORTO-MARKE

Genuinly used stamp Genuine?

  1 (k) black on yellow
  3 (k) black on yellow
  12 (k) black on yellow

Specialists still distinguish between thin and thick paper concerning the 1 k and 3 k values. The remainders of these 3 stamps were sold to a stamp dealer in 1873.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1 k *R 
3 k**** 
12 k**RRR 

Most of the 12 Kr stamps with cancel are forged. Only about 700 stamps were used with cancels: Baden, Birkendorf, Bonndorf, Freiburg-Stadtpost, Markdorf, Merchingen, Mosbach, Saekingen, Steinen, Thingen and Waldshut (according to 'Distinghuishing Characteristics of Classic Stamps, Old German States' by Herman Schloss). All other cancels are probably forged. The next stamp is an example of such a forgery, 'CARSRUHE STADT POST 5 MAY 6-8', (note the spelling of 'CARSRUHE'):


(Forged cancel on a genuine stamp)

Forgeries, note the strange cancels:


(Reduced sizes)

Forgeries exist, for all values the '-' between 'PORTO' and 'MARKE' should be quite low. The 'PO' of 'PORTO' are written at a higher level than the other letters of this word. Also note that the 4 spirals at the left and right have a small vertical line in it. Also compare the ornamental design carefully with a genuine stamp above.

Other examples of forgeries:

Fournier also offers forgeries of these stamps in his 1914 pricelist (3 values for 1 Swiss Franc) as second choice forgeries. There are no examples in 'The Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries'), but I assume this forgery is a Fournier forgery:

In the Fournier album of philatelic forgeries, the following cancels are given '79' in 5 concentric circles, '60' in 5 concentric circles, '8' in 5 concentric circles, '31' in 3 concentric circles, 3 concentric circles and a dot in the middle, an '8' in a small circle, three circular cancels with 'KEHL 2 NOV 6-7 N', 'RASTATT 14 OCT 5-10 V' and 'FURSTENBERG 17 2 MBG'. The above 12 k stamp has the Kehl cancel, therefore I presume it is a Fournier forgery. I have also seen a 1 k stamp with the same cancel and a 3 k Fournier forgery with the Furstenberg cancel. Note, that the curl of the '2' points towards the upper left, though in the genuine stamps, it points to the upper right corner. I have also seen this forgery with a (unreadable) red town cancel.


Official Stamps from the German Empire used in Baden

The next stamps with inscription 'FREI DURCH ABLOSUNG Nr. 21' were used in Baden, more information can be found at Germany official stamps:

1903 Inscription 'FREI DURCH ABLOSUNG NR 21'

3 p brown 25 p orange and black on yellow

  2 p grey
  3 p brown
  5 p green
  10 p red
  20 p blue
  25 p orange and black on yellow
  40 p red and black
  50 p violet and black 

Envelopes

1858 Grand Duke Friedrich, insciption at the left

9 k brown

  3 kr (Drei Kreuzer) blue
  6 kr (Sechs Kreuzer) brown
  9 kr (Neun Kreuzer) red
  12 kr (Zwolf Kreuzer) brown
  18 kr (Achtzehn Kreuzer) red

1862 Grand Duke Friedrich, as the issue of 1858 but inscription at the right:

  3 kr (Drei Kreuzer) red
  6 kr (Sechs Kreuzer) blue
  9 kr (Neun Kreuzer) brown

Railway Stamps

Railway stamp: 'Grosh. Badische Staatseisenb.' wheel with wings and arms

30 p black and green

I have seen the values: 5 p red and black, 25 p green and black, 30 p green and black, 40 p red and black, 50 p lilac and black, 60 p blue and black, 70 p brown and black, 80 p orange and black, 90 p brown and black, 1 M grey and black and 2 M blue and black.

I have also seen stamps with the 'Grobh.' overprinted with a bar:


(Reduced size)

I have seen the values 5 p red and black, 10 p brown and black, 20 p orange and black, 50 p lilac and black, 60 p blue and black, 70 p brown and black, 80 p orange and black, 90 p brown and black, 1 M grey and black, 3 M brown and black, 4 M green and black, 5 M red and black and 20 M green and black with this overprint .

These railway stamps are not very common.

Inscription 'GR. BAD. STAATSEISENBAHN EXPRESSGUT'

10 p black Value in 'centimes'

I've seen the values: 5 p brown, 10 p black, 25 p blue, 30 p green and 50 p red. And with value in 'CENTIMES' (for use in France?): 5 c green, 10 c green, 30 c green, 65 c green and 1 Frank green.

Inscription 'BADISCHE STAATSEISENBAHNEN WERTMARKE':

I have seen the values 10 p and 20 p (both in red with black value inscription).


Fiscal stamps

1875 Inscription 'STEMPELMARKE' with embossed center

  10 p yellow
  20 p brown
  50 p blue
  1 M green
  2 M red

 

1921(?) Inscription 'KOSTENMARKE BADEN'


(Reduced sizes)

These fiscal stamps are not very common. I have seen the following values (with the value always in black): 5 p brown, 50 p violet, 70 p yellow, 1 M violet, 2 M grey, 3 M orange, 4 M red, 5 M blue, 10 M green and 50 M yellow.

 

1923(?) New smaller design consisting of two small stamps

I have seen the values (the value always in black): 10 M green, 50 M yellow, 100 M olive, 1000 M brown, 2000 M grey, 5000 M green, and 50000 M red.


Cancels

Typical cancels:

3 k red "109" in five circles cancellation
(Number cancels or 'Nummernstempel')

The most common cancel is 5 ring cancel with a number in the center. I've seen them in black and red. For example nr 109 for the town of Pforzheim. Some other numeral cancels:
2: Aachern
4: Aglasterhausen
7: Appenweiler
8: Baden (Adelsheim?)
10: Beuggen Rheinfelden
12: Bischofsheim
16: Bonndord(?)
17: Boxberg
18: Bretten
19: Bruchsal
20: Buchen
21: Bühl
24: Carlsruhe
25: Constanz
27: Donaueschingen(?)
28: Durlach (I've seen this cancel in red)
33: Eichesheim(?)
34: Eberbach
35: Elzach
36: Emmendingen
38: Engen
41: Ettenheim
42: Ettlingen
43: Freiburg
45: Furtwangen
48: Geugenbach
50: Gernsbach
53: Haltingen
55: Haslach
56: Hausach
57: Heidelberg
58: Heiligenberg
61: Höllsteig
63: Hüflingen
68: Kehl
69: Kenzingen
74: Krotzingen
76: Königshofen
78: Ladenburg
79: Lahr
80: Langenbrücken
81: Langen - Denzlingen
84: Lörrach
85: Ludwigshofe
87: Mannheim
92: Möskirch
94: Mühlberg(?)
95: Müllheim
97: Mannheim
98: Neckarbischofsheim
100: Neustadt
101: Oberkirch
104: Offenburg
107: Osterburken
109: Pforzheim
112: Radolfzell
115: Rastatt
117: Riedern
121: Säckingen
122: Salem
123: St.Blasien
127: Schiltach
129: Schönau
130: Schopfheim
131: Schwetzingen
132: Singen
133: Sinsheim
135: Staufen
138: Stetten
139: Stockach
142: Sulzburg
143: Todtnau (?)
145: Triberg
146: Ueberlingen
148: Villingen
149: Vöhrenbach
150: Waghäusel
152: Waldkirch
153: Waldshut
156: Weinheim
157: Wertheim
159: Wiesloch
160: Wilferdingen
161: Wolfach
163: Zell
170: Basel Badische Bahnhof
172: Weiterdingen
174: Mannheim Bahnhof (railway station)
175: Baden Bahnhof (railway station)
177: Karlsruhe

Other cancels:


(City cancel)

'Freiburg stadtpost'
(City cancel or 'Ortsstempel', Freiburg Stadtpost and Carlsruhe)


(numeral cancel in 5 circles, 5th one with rimples, reduced size)


(A so-called 'Uhrradstempel' with nr 20)


(Box-cancel 'ETTLINGEN 10 Jun.')


(Elliptic cancel 'PFORZHEIM'?)


(Railway cancel' BAD BAHNPOST')


(Basel, Switzerland, Badische Bahnhof cancel)

Forged cancel:


(Forged cancel on a genuine 30 k stamp, reduced size)


1945 issue

In 1945 stamps were issued in the French occupation zone of Germany, special stamps with inscription 'BADEN' were issued, example:


Websites

http://home.earthlink.net/~adeptmoron/BadenA.html, very nice explanation of the Baden stamps.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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