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FINLAND 1856 issue

Suomi - Finlande - Finnland

Return To Catalogue - Finland 1860-1890 - 1891-1920 issues - Aunus - Carelia - Local issues for Helsingfors and Tammerfors

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1856 Arms with lion in circle, Imperforated

Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Certified genuine, with large pearls in posthorns Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.comImage reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Certified genuine
(I presume all the above stamps are genuine)


Genuine?

  5 Kopecks blue
  10 Kopecks red

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
5 kRRRRRR 
10 kRRRR 
Reprints (both values) ***- 


Typical pen cancel, reduced size

For the specialist, there are stamps with very small pearls (first printings) and large pearls inside the posthorn. The stamps were printed with the same die which existed for the envelopes. In the genuine stamps, there are 4 diamond shaped points after the figures and text. Reprints of these stamps exist, example of a reprint of 1881:

1881 reprint
(1881 reprint, image obtained thanks to Marko Ylostalo, Finland)

Forgeries:

Fournier forgery? Fournier forgery!

Fournier forgery!
(Reduced size)

The above stamps are Fournier forgeries.

I've seen on the Fournier forgeries the cancels:
a bogus cancel 'HELSINGFORS', diameter 25 mm, in two concentric circles (see pictures above, this fantasy cancel was never used in Finland)
'HELSINGFORS' in a rectangle: 35x12 mm

These forgeries must be quite common, I have even seen blocks of 4 of both values with two different cancels (Helsingfors in a circle and Helsingfors in a rectangle). A whole sheet of 25 stamps (5 x 4) can be found on the cover of the book: 'Forgeries of Finnish Postage Stamps' by Mikka Ossa (both in Finnish and English). The two above mentioned cancels are both applied to this sheet.

Other cancels used by Fournier:

'WIBORG' in a rectangle with unreadable date: size 23x16 mm
'EKENAS APR 3 1856' in a rectangle: size 27x10 mm


(Fournier forgery, 1st choice)


(Wiborg Fournier forged cancel, the date is unrecognizable, reduced size)

Fournier offered two versions of these forgeries, he offers the 5 k 1st choice as he calls it in his 1914 pricelist for 1 Swiss Franc. Both values could also be bought as 2nd choice for 1 Swiss Franc both. I presume the Wiborg and Ekenas cancels only appeared on the 1st choice forgeries. I'm not quite sure if he produced the 2nd choice forgeries, or only sold them.

More information on these Fournier forgeries can be found at: http://www.geocities.com/Augusta/5525/fournier.html.


(Two forgeries apparently made by the same forger)

Other forgeries:


(Forgeries)


(Primitive forgery, no dots behind '5' and 'KOP')


(Two other forgeries, I presume)

I'm not sure if this stamp is genuine.....

All three above stamps seem to have exactly the same blur cancel.

Modern forgeries made by Peter Winter (around 1980):


(Peter Winter forgeries)

Probably also Winter products with 'WIBORG' in a box cancel (with inverted colours!) and a very blur circular cancel '....STAD':

Postal stationery in the same design

Envelopes in the same design were already issued in 1850 with no white dots inside the posthorns (values 5 k blue, 10 k red and 20 k black). The 20 k is extremely rare. Reprints of all these envelopes exist. In 1856 other envelopes with white dots inside the posthorns were issued (values 5 k blue and 10 k red).

An envelope in the same design:


(Cut from envelope; no pearls in the large openings of the posthorns)

Bogus issue.
Probably forgeries of the 20 k envelope

 

For issues of Finland from 1860 to 1890 click here.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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