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FINLAND 1860-1890 issues

Return To Catalogue - Finland 1856 issue - 1891-1920 issues - Aunus - Carelia - Local issues for Helsingfors and Tammerfors - Miscellaneous

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For issues of Finland of 1856 click here.

1860-1866 Arms with lion in a rectangle, roulated

Value in 'KOP' (Kopecks, 1860)

  5 Kopecks blue on blue
  10 Kopecks red on red

Value in 'PEN' (1866)

5 pen brown on grey 8 pen black on green 10 p black on brown 20 p blue 40 p red

  5 Pen brown on grey
  8 Pen black on green
  10 Pen black on brown
  20 Pen blue on blue
  40 Pen red on red
  1 Mark brown

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
5 kR*** 
10 kR*** 
5 pR*** 
8 pR*** 
10 pR*** 
20 p***** 
40 p***** 
1 MRRRRRR 
Reprints (exist of all values) * to *** - 

These stamps are not really perforated but cut, therefore most of these stamps are damaged:

Two stamps, note the typical perforation:

Postcards in the same design:

I have seen the values: 8 p green, 10 p lilac, 20 p blue and 40 p red.

Reprints:


(I've been told that this is a reprint)

Reprints were made in 1893, I have no further information. Does anybody have any information about these reprints?

Forgeries:


(Some primitive forgeries, no perforation, reduced sizes)


(Another imperforate forgery)

Note, that the ornament right to the star in the lower left corner is upside down in these forgeries.


(Another primitive forgery)


(Forgery in wrong colour 1 pen red)

Fournier has made forgeries of the 1 M stamp. He offers them in his 1914 pricelist as 1st choice forgeries for 2 Swiss Francs each. They can be recognized by the forged cancel 'Helsingfors 27 I 1868' with diameter 28 mm, example:


(Fournier forgery)


(Fournier forged cancel, reduced size)

Though I have never seen them, other cancels seem to exist on these Fournier forgeries.

Sperati has also made a forgery of the 1 M stamp. A picture of such a forgery can be found on http://www.seymourfamily.com/rfrajola/Sperati/speratiindex.htm


(10 k imperforate stamp, possibly a cut from a postal stationery or a forgery, the design is slightly different from the stamps)

 

1875 Arms of Finland, Lion, value in the four corners

8 p green 10 p brown 20 p blue 20 p orange 32 p red 1 M violet 1 M grey and red

  2 p grey
  5 p orange
  5 p green (1885)
  8 p green
  10 p brown (1879)
  10 p red (1885)
  20 p blue
  20 p orange (1885)
  25 p red (1879)
  25 p blue (1885)
  32 p orange
  1 M violet
  1 M grey and red
  5 M green and red
  10 M brown and red

The first stamp to be issued was the 32 p with perforation 14. Afterwards, many of these stamps were issued with different perforations: 11, 11 x 12 1/2 or 12 1/2.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
2 p** 
5 p orange*c 
5 p green*c 
8 p******Reprint: *
10 p brown**** 
10 p red*c 
20 p blue**vc 
20 p orange*vc 
25 p red**c 
25 p blue**c 
32 p*****Perforated 14: R
1 M violet***** 
1 M grey and red ***** 
5 MRRRR 
10 MRRRR 

Cancels:


(Mute cancel, reduced size)

Forgeries:

The following 5 M and 10 M forgeries, have the inscription 'MARKKA' instead of 'MARKKAA':

The next forgery of the 5 M is imperforate and has the word 'FALSCH' (=forged in German) written on top:


(Forgery with 'FALSCH' overprint, one of Senf's products)

Senf also made a forgery of the 10 M value (without 'FALSCH' overprint?).


(I've been told that this is also a forgery, I have no further information)

 

1889 Arms of Finland, Lion, Russian text at the right

5 M green and red 10 M brown and red

  2 p grey
  5 p green
  10 p red
  20 p orange
  25 p blue
  1 M grey and red
  5 M green and red
  10 M brown and red

All these stamps were issued with perforation 12 1/2. Furthermore the values 5 p, 10 p, 20 p and 25 p exist with perforation 14 x 13.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
2 pcc 
5 p cvc 
10 pcvc 
20 pcvcExists with red gum
25 pcvc 
1 Mcc 
5 M**** 
10 M****** 

Forgeries:

The values 5 M and 10 M were forged by Fournier, they can be recognized by their cancels:


(Fournier forgery of the 10 M value, with Kuopio cancel)


(Fournier forged cancels, reduced sizes)

Tampere As Tammerfors R (+Russian town name) 8 V 98 4 1
Wiborg Wiipuri 11 XI 97 9b
Wiborg 6 XI 89
Kuopio (+Russian town name) 1 IV 98 3 1
Helsingfors Helsinki (+Russian town name) 5 III 00

These forgeries were offered in Fournier's pricelist of 1914 for 2 Swiss Francs both (as first choice forgeries).

I've been told that the next stamp is a Fournier forgery, though the cancel does not resemble any of the above. Also note the absence of the background pattern:


(Fournier forgery?)


(Another forgery, note the different '5's)

For issues of 1891 to 1920 click here.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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