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The forger Peter Winter (Germany) made forgeries of many classic and rare stamp of several countries in the 1980's. They sometimes have the word 'replik' written on the backside (but not always). They are printed on modern paper (the paper doesn't 'look' old).
Peter Winter forgery of Zurich with 'replik' written on the backside
Forgeries of Switzerland
Peter Winter has made many forgeries of the early stamps of Switzerland.
Forgeries of Basel:
(Peter Winter forgeries)
In these forgeries, there are always the same ink spots close to the left inner frame line next to the '2 1/2'. The cancel on the two stamps above doesn't look like anything I have seen on the stamps of Basel (maybe he imitated a very rare cancel?). I posess a Winter forgery with the dove inverted ('kopfstehende Prägung', I've even seen it on letter). I also posess a Winter forgery of the essay (the color blue is now green as shown above), with the same distinghuishing characteristics.
(Winter forgery? Cancel: 'BASEL 30 OCT. 1848 NACH-MITTAG', I've seen other forgeries on pieces of a letter with exactly the same cancel adressed to 'Herrn Paul Bloesch & Cie Biel').
All the stamps of Geneva have been forged by Peter Winter, the double stamp, the 5 c small eagle, the 5 c large eagle, the 5 c large eagle black on dark green and the envelope cut (5 c green).
(Peter Winter forgery on letter, reduced size)
I have seen the same forged letter adressed to 'Monsieur Nicodeme de Fluc Chevaillier de l'ordre Royale et Militaire a Sachsleu Canton d'Unterwalde' with the same stamp, but with the datecancel changed from 'GENEVE 25 MARS 50 8 1/2 S' to 'GENEVE 11 FEVR 50 10 1/2 M'.
Peter Winter also offered forgeries of stamps off letter, examples (note the very peculiar cancel on the second stamp):
(Peter Winter forgeries)
(Forgeries of Geneva)
The normal stamp and a 'proof' have been forged by Peter Winter:
(Neufchatel forgery and a 'proof' also made by Peter Winter)
Both values (4 c and 5 c) have been forged by Peter Winter:
(forgery of Vaud)
These Winter forgeries also exist on fake letters:
The cancel on these forged envelopes always seems to be: 'GENEVE 25 MARS 50 8 1/2 S' (in red). Another forgery with a black rozette cancel:
In total 6 different stamps of Zurich were forged by Peter Winter; two 'essays' (with '18' and '43' in the corners) in the values 4 r and 6 r, and the normal stamps with horizontal and vertical lined background (both values so 4 forgeries).
I posess a 4 r Winter forgery with the '18' in the left lower corner and '43' in the right lower corner (it resembles a proof, 'Esslinger Essay', apparantly, as in the picture shown below). I also posess a forgery of the 6 r value made by Winter, the white margins are very large (too large I think, as shown in the picture below). These two forgeries do not look very convincing (they look too modern).
(Other Winter forgeries of Zurich)
Some forgeries of the federal issues:
(note the 'BOLL' cancel on both stamps)
Peter Winter seems to have forged the following values: 2 1/2 r 'Ortspost' with cross 2 1/2 r 'Ortspost' without cross 2 1/2 r 'Poste Locale' with cross 2 1/2 r 'Poste Locale' without cross 5 r 'Rayon I' black and red on blue with cross 5 r 'Rayon I' black and red on blue without cross 5 r 'Rayon I' blue and red with cross 5 r 'Rayon I' blue and red without cross 10 r 'Rayon II' 15 r 'Rayon III' 15 c 'Rayon III'
Finally the 'Pro Juventute' stamp of 1912 was also forged by him.
Forgeries of the first newspaper stamps of Austria
(Peter Winter forgeries)
I posess Winter forgeries of all 4 stamps, the yellow stamp has cancel 'STEYR 17/11' in a single circle, the red one 'PESTH 5/3' in a rectangle and the orange one a double-circled postmark 'ZEITUNGS EXPED. LAIBAICH 12/12'. As can be seen above the 'PESTH 5/3' cancel was also applied on the yellow stamp. Also can be found: 'ZEITUNGS EXPED. WIEN 20/11' and ' WIEN 3/3 6 A'. These forgeries were even offered on pieces of newspaper, but also uncancelled.
(Rumania 180 p 'Bull's head' forgery)
The 108 p seems to be the only value to be forged of the 1858 stamps of Rumania that I'm absolutely sure of. I've seen forgeries of the other values that might have been produced by him as well.
The 6 p of the 1862 issue of Rumania has also been forged by Peter Winter (sorry, no picture available yet).
Peter Winter made forgeries of the 6 c, 5 r, 6 r and 10 r of the 1850 issue.
(10 r forgery and 10 r 'proof')
(6 reales blue and a non-existant 6 reales red)
(A non existant 'proof' in green of the 6 c 1850 value and a 'misprint' 5 r blue)
(6 c forgery)
Of the 1851 issue he made forgeries of the 6 c, 2 r red, 2 r blue misprint, 5 r red, 5 r red-brown misprint and the 6 r values. He also offers a 2 r and 6 r printed together in blue(?).
Note that Peter Winter made the 1852 forgeries of the rare variety without dot behind 'CORREOS' (5 r and 6 r).
He also offers the 2 r, 5 r and 6 r of the 1853 issue with the rare variety 'no dot below 'Rs'.
The 1854 issue (local issue of Madrid) was represented with the 1 c and 3 c values (sorry, no pictures available yet).
He also offers the 12 c blue and red with inverted center of 1865, the 12 c blue and red with inverted center of 1866 (perforated) and the 19 c brown and red of 1866 with inverted center.
Forgeries of the first issues of Finland:
Forgeries of the first stamp of Norway were also made by Peter Winter. I have only seen it cancelled with 4-ring cancel with a dot in the center. Uncancelled and tete-beche forgeries were also made by him:
Peter Winter forgeries of Sweden:
Peter Winter offered forgeries of the following values: 3 sk green, 4 sk blue, 6 sk grey-brown, 6 sk grey, 8 sk yellow and 24 sk red. Of course, he also made a forgery of the misprint 3 sk yellow, even a 3 sk yellow and 8 sk yellow printed together. As with all his forgeries, they have a very modern appearance, the paper is very white. I have also seen these Peter Winter forgeries with cancels; for example: 'STOCKHOLM 18/5 18 56' on the 3 sk, 'STOCKHOLM 11 7 18 57' on the 6 sk and 24 sk, or a three ring cancel with '1' in the center on the 8 sk value. He also seems to have offered them on letter (at least two 8 s yellow stamps with a ring cancel '1').
Both rare blue stamps of Naples were forged.
The 50 baj and 1 Scudo stamp were forged by Peter Winter (sorry, no pictures available yet).
(Forgeries of Tuscany)
Peter Winter has made forgeries of all the 'lion' stamps of Tuscany issued in 1851. He also made forgeries of the 1857 arms issues (5 c, 80 c and 3 L).