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ONEGLIA FORGERIES, 1906 catalogue, "Hambourg" to "Joniennes"

Return To Catalogue - Oneglia forgeries, introduction, part 1 - Oneglia forgeries, introduction, part 2 - Panelli - Spiotti - Venturini

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Erasmo Oneglia was an Italian forger in the late 19th century from Turin. He is famous for his engraved forgeries, but he also made photo-lithographed forgeries. Many of his forgeries were previously attributed to the forger Angelo Panelli. The engraved Oneglia forgeries are usually 'overinked'. When Oneglia applied a watermark on his forgeries, it is very clearly visible. His watermarks are impressed instead of being real watermarks. Oneglia also collaborated closely with A.Venturini and E.Spiotti. The exact relationships that these forgers had is not clear up to this day.

 

Oneglia forgeries, 1906 catalogue, "France" to "Gwailor"

Hambourg. N

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1 1850 Série de 8 timbres.......................................................................................................................... Fr. 3.--

Since these Hamburg forgeries are marked "N", they were not made by Oneglia, but by another forger (as mentioned in the foreword of his catalogue).

 

Heligoland. N

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1 1867-76 Série de 4 par série................................................................................................................... Fr. 1.--

Since these Helgoland forgeries are marked "N", they were not made by Oneglia, but by another forger (as mentioned in the foreword of his catalogue).
In the 1898 Oneglia pricelist, the 1867-76 issues of Helgoland are list in a set of 15, for Fr. 1.--. This might not have been a commercial success, since excellent reprints are available (even today) in large quantities.

 

Hongrie. *

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1871 - Effigie dans un petit cercle, litographie très jolie:

Turin forgery, image obtained from http://www.arge-ungarn.de/forgeries.htm.
1 1871 2 Kreuz, jaune ................................................................................................................................ Fr. 0.50
2   2 Kreuz, jaune foncé Fr. 0.50
3   3 Kreuz, vert Fr. 1.--
4   5 Kreuz, rose Fr. 0.10
5   10 Kreuz, bleu Fr. 0.20
6   15 Kreuz, brun Fr. 0.50
7   20 Kreuz, violet Fr. 0.20

The book 'Vervalsingen van de eerste postzegels van Hongarije 1871' by J.Palmans Kon. Kring "Matador", Antwerpen, 1973, Nr.3 describes the distinguishing characteristics of these 'Turin-forgeries'. The perforation is 11 1/2 and the two lines forming the bottom of the shield consists of parallel lines, while genuine stamps do not show this, but a hump instead in the upper line right at the bottom.

 

Hawai. N

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1 1851-52 Série de 4 pièces........................................................................................................................ Fr. 10.--

Since these Hawai forgeries are marked "N", they were not made by Oneglia, but by another forger (as mentioned in the foreword of his catalogue).

 

Haiti. N

Number Year Description Price in Fr.



1 1881 Série de 6 pièces............................................................................................................................... Fr. 2.--
2 1882 Dent. Série de 6 pièces Fr. 0.80

Since these Haiti forgeries are marked "N", they were not made by Oneglia, but by another forger (as mentioned in the foreword of his catalogue). The cancel (bars with "G") confirms that these were indeed sold by Oneglia. These forgeries are also known to have been sold by Panelli.

 

Hoi-Hao. *

Number Year Description Price in Fr.

1901 - Timbres d'Indo-Chine, vrais, avec surcharge rouge:

1 1901 15 cent. bleu ..................................................................................................................................... Fr. 3.--
2   75 cent. violet Fr. 2.--
3   1 fr. olive Fr. 3.--

These Hoi-Hao stamps are genuine, but with a forged overprint.

 

Honduras Britannique. *

Number Year Description Price in Fr.

1865 - Dent. 14, grav. cuivre:

.

1 1865 1 p. bleu........................................................................................................................................... Fr. -.50
2   6 p. rose Fr. 2.50
3   1 s. vert Fr. 2.--

1871 - Fil. C. C. dent. 12 1/2:

4 1871 1 p. bleu Fr. -.40
5   3 p. brun Fr. 1.50
6   6 p. rose Fr. 1.50
7   1 s. vert Fr. 1.50
1872-79 - Id. dent. 14:
8   1 p. bleu Fr. -.40
9   3 p. brun Fr. 1.50
10   4 p. violet Fr. -.40
11   6 p. rose Fr. 4.--
12   1 s. vert Fr. 1.--

1882-87 - Fil. C. A. dent. 14:

13   1 p. blue Fr. -.80
14   1 p. rose Fr. -.20
15   4 p.violet Fr. -.30
16   6 p. jaune Fr. 4.--
17   1 s. gris Fr. 3.50

1888 - Timbres précédents surcharge 10 cent.

18 1888 2 c. s. 6 p. rose dent. 12 1/2 C. C. Fr. 4.--
19   3 c. s. 3 p. brun dent. 12 1/2 C. C. Fr. 10.--
20   2 c. s. 6 p. rose dent. 14 C. C. Fr. 2.--
21   3 c. s. 3 p. brun dent. 14 C. C. Fr. 2.--
22   2 c. s. 1 p. rose dent. 14 C. A. Fr. -.50
23   10 c. s. 4 p. violet dent. 14 C. A. Fr. -.80
24   20 c. s. 5 p. jaune dent. 14 C. A. Fr. -.80
25   50 c. s. 1 s. gris dent. 14 C. A. Fr. -.40
    Tous les 25 Fr. 30.--

 

Hong-Kong. *

Number Year Description Price in Fr.

1862 - Dent. 14, grav. en cuivre:

.
These forgeries are sometimes attributed to Panelli. Panelli most likely sold Oneglia forgeries

1 1862 2 cent. brun....................................................................................................................................... Fr. -.50
2   8 cent. jaune Fr. -.50
3   12 cent. bleu clair Fr. -.50
4   18 cent. lilas Fr. -.50
5   24 cent. vert Fr. -.50
6   48 cent. rose Fr. 1.--
7   96 cent. gris Fr. 1.20

1863-76 - Fil. C. C. dent. 14

8 1871 2 cent.brun Fr. -.30
9   4 cent. gris Fr. -.20
10   6 cent. violet Fr. -.30
11   8 cent. orange Fr. -.20
12   12 cent. bleu Fr. -.20
13   16 cent. jaune Fr. -.40
14   18 cent. violet Fr. 1.25
15   24 cent. vert Fr. 0.30
16   30 cent. vermillon Fr. 0.40
16bis   30 cent. lilas Fr. 0.10
17   48 cent. rose Fr. 0.30
18   96 cent. bistre jaune Fr. 2.--
19   96 cent. gris Fr. -.40
Dent. 12 1/2:
20   4 cent. gris Fr. 1.20

1876-80 - Timbres du 1863-76 avec surcharge:

21   5 c. sur 8 orange Fr. 1.--
22   5 c. sur 18 violet Fr. -.30
23   10 c. sur 12 bleu Fr. -.20
24   10 c. sur 16 jaune Fr. 1.--
25   10 c. sur 24 vert Fr. -.30
26   16 c. sur 18 violet Fr. 1.--
27   28 c. sur 30 lilas Fr. -.40

1880 - Id. fil. C. C. dent. 14:


Image obtained from Stampsboard.com
28   48 c. brun Fr. 1.--

1882-1902 - Id. fil. C. C. dent. 14

29   12 cent. bleu Fr. -.40
1885-99 - Fil. C.A. dent. 14 surcharge:
30   14 c. sur 30 lilac Fr. -.40
31   20 c. sur 30 rouge Fr. -.10
32   20 c. sur 30 gris Fr. -.40
33   30 c. sur 48 brun Fr. -.40
34   50 c. sur 48 lilas Fr. -.60
35   1 $ sur 96 gris Fr -.50
36   1 $ sur 96 brun sur rouge Fr. 1.--

1898 - Timbres 1862 fil. C. A. dent surcharge:

37 1898 10 c.sur 30 vert Fr. 2.-
38   1 $ sur 96 noir Fr. 1.50
    Toutes les 38 pieces Fr. 20.--

The book The Oneglia Engraved Forgeries by Robson Lowe & Carl Walske (1996) says an oval cancel consisting of bars with a large "2" exists on one of these forgeries, but I think it is actually the barred "G" cancel that was used on other forgeries by Oneglia.


Here Oneglia forgeries of the 30 c and 96 c pasted on pieces of paper. Images obtained from stampsboard.com These forgeries also exist with a "B62" cancel (this cancel also exists genuine and was also used extensively by Spiro/Fournier).

 

Indes Néerlandaises. *

Number Year Description Price in Fr.

(Gravure en cuivre),

.

1 1864 10 cent., carmin................................................................................................................................. Fr. -.20
2 1868 10 cent., carmin dentelés Fr. -.20
Timbres taxe

1874 - Grand chiffe dans un cercle dentelé:

3   5 cent., jaune sur bleu Fr. -.50

The 10 c 1864 forgeries are described in 'De vervalsingen van Nederland & O.G.' by F.P.A. van de Loo (in Dutch). It is there refererred to as a 'Oniglia' forgery. The margins of these forgeries are often very large. They can be found with cancels that were also used on other Oneglia forgeries (bars with "G" cancel or 5 concentric rings).
A forgery of the 5 c postage due stamp is also described in the van de Loo book, with smudges in the "P" and "R" of "PORT".. It is cancelled with a numeral "3" cancel. I do not know if this is the same forgery as the one from Oneglia, (there are two forgery types listed in the van de Loo book). Further confirmation of this would be that I've seen a large Russian Levant stamp with a numeral "3" cancel (see there).

 

Indes Anglaises. N

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1 1864 Série de 4 pieces............................................................................................................................... Fr. 3.--

Since these India forgeries are marked "N", they were not made by Oneglia, but by another forger (as mentioned in the foreword of his catalogue). I am actually not entirely sure which stamps are actually offered here. India did not emit any stamps in 1864, or are the provisional overprints of 1866 being offered here?

 

Italie.
Bureaux Italiens du Levant.

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1874 - Timbres authentiques du 1863, 1864, 1865, effigie à gauche (Victor Emmanuel II), cadres divers,
dentelés, surcharge noir << Estero >>, imitation
1 1874 1 cent., gris.................................................................................................................................... Fr. -.20
2   2 cent., brun-rouge Fr. -.20
3   5 cent., gris-vert Fr. -.25
4   10 cent., bistre Fr. -.40
5   20 cent., bleu Fr. -.20
6   30 cent., brun Fr. -.20
7   40 cent., carmin Fr. -.25
8   60 cent., violet Fr. -.22
9   2 lire, rouge Fr. 2.--
1879 - Idem.
10 1879 10 cent., bleu Fr. -.20
11   20 cent., jaune Fr. -.35
1881 - Effigie de face (Umbert I), cadres divers, dentelés, surcharge noir << Estero >>, imitation
12 1881 5 cent., vert Fr. -.10
13   10 cent., carmin Fr. -.10
14   20 cent., jaune Fr. -.10
15   25 cent., bleu Fr. -.10
16   25 cent., violet Fr. -.25
1874 - Timbres d'Italie du 1863-1865 avec grattage dans les angles, comme les vrais timbres:
17 1874 5 cent., olive Fr. -.80
18   10 cent., bistre Fr. -.90
19   20 cent., bleu Fr. 1.--
20   30 cent., brun Fr. -.80
21   40 cent., rose Fr. -.90
22   60 cent., lilas Fr. 1.--
1879 - Idem de 1877:
23 1879 10 cent., bleu Fr. -.70
24   20 cent., orange Fr. -.80

 

Italie. *
Sardaigne.

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1850 - Effigie de Victor Emmanuel II, à droite dans un ovale, sans relief, couleur sur blanc:
1 1850 5 cent., noir................................................................................................................................. Fr. -.30
2   20 cent., bleu Fr. -.10
3   40 cent., rose Fr. -.30
1853 - Même effigie en relief sur papier de couleur:

4 1853 5 cent., vert Fr. -.50
5   20 cent., bleu Fr. -.25
6   40 cent., rose Fr. -.40
1854 - Même effigie en relief blanc dans cadre de couleur:

7 1854 5 cent., vert Fr. -.10
8   20 cent., bleu Fr. -.25
9   40 cent., carmin Fr. -.40
1855-62 - Même genre avec inscriptions blanches dans cadre de couleur


10 1855-62 5 cent., vert Fr. -.05
11   5 cent., vert jaune Fr. -.05
12   10 cent., bistre Fr. -.05
13   10 cent., brun Fr. -.05
14   10 cent., brun noir Fr. -.05
15   10 cent., brun violet Fr. -.05
16   10 cent., ocre Fr. -.05
17   15 cent., bleu Fr. -.05
18   20 cent., bleu pâle Fr. -.05
19   20 cent., bleu foncé Fr. -.03
20   40 cent., rouge Fr. -.10
21   40 cent., carmin Fr. -.10
22   80 cent., jaune Fr. -.10
23   80 cent., jaune bistre Fr. -.10
24   3 lire, bronze Fr. -.40
1862-63 - Idem, dentelé

25 1862-63 5 cent., vert Fr. -.10
26   5 cent., vert jaune Fr. -.10
27   10 cent., bistre Fr. -.05
28   10 cent., brun Fr. -.10
29   10 cent., brun violet Fr. -.10
30   20 cent., bleu pâle Fr. -.10
31   20 cent., bleu foncé Fr. -.05
32   40 cent., carmin Fr. -.20
33   80 cent., jaune Fr. -.30
34   3 lire, bronze Fr. -.50
34 bis 1889 5 lire, vert-rouge Fr. -.50

The Serrane guide says: "Le 5 lire de 1889, no 45, a été grossièrement falsifié. Comparez l'effigie; sans filigrane; dentelure non conforme.". This is probably the 5 Lire stamp listed above. I have not seen a copy yet.
One of the cancels I've often seen on the 1855/1862 issue is "TODI 5 LUG 6?" and "TODI 10 APR. 62 UMBRIA". Also "DA ANCONA A BOLOGNA 12 APR. 60 (1)", which can also be found on forged postage due stamps of Italy..
I found the 1853 and 1854 forgeries, pasted on small pieces of paper in a collection with many more Oneglia forgeries.


Forgery 80 c with forged "CUNEO 19 MAGG 61 12 M" cancel. Also the words "C.OTTANTA" are placed too high.

 

Sardaigne.

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1855-62 - Timbres vrais et usés avec tête renversée artificielle:

35 1855-62 5 cent., vert................................................................................................................................. Fr. 3.--
36   10 cent., bistre Fr. 3.--
37   20 cent., bleu Fr. 3.--
38   40 cent., rose Fr. 4.--
39   80 cent., orange Fr. 5.--
Timbres d'Italie du 1862 vrais avec dentelure et tête renversée artificiell, oblitération imitée:
40   5 cent., vert Fr. 5.--
41   10 cent., bistre Fr. 3.--
42   20 cent., bleu Fr. 3.--
43   40 cent., rouge Fr. 3.--
44   80 cent., jaune Fr. 4.--

The 5 c with inverted head and Cuneo cancel was obtained from https://www.ilpostalista.it/falsi/domande_199.htm It is said there that Cuneo only used cancels with the month in 3 characters (not 4 as here).
In the book 'Philatelic Forgers, their Lives and Work' from V.E. Tyler, a page from the 'Philatelisten Zeitung 18, 100 (1905)' is reproduced with cancels from Oneglia. Among them is the cancel "CUNEO 19 MAGG 61 12 M", identical to the one on the 5 c inverted head forgery.

 

Italie.

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
Timbres de Sardaigne 1858 vrais, dentelure, oblitérations imitées comme ceux du 1862 d'ITALIE:


45   5 cent., vert jaune......................................................................................................... Fr. 1.--
46   5 cent., vert bleu Fr. 1.--
47   10 cent., bistre Fr. -.30
48   40 cent., rouge Fr. -.40
49   80 cent., orange Fr. -.40
Timbres-taxe.
1863 - Valeur dans un ovale:

50 1863 10 cent., jaune Fr. -.60
51   10 cent., jaune brun Fr. -.50

Some of the above stamps of Italy bear the forged cancel "ORBETELLO 2 GEN 63 *" (even pasted on small pieces of paper)
The 80 c with Cuneo cancel was obtained from https://www.ilpostalista.it/falsi/domande_199.htm It is said there that Cuneo only used cancels with the month in 3 characters (not 4 as here).
In the book 'Philatelic Forgers, their Lives and Work' from V.E. Tyler, a page from the 'Philatelisten Zeitung 18, 100 (1905)' is reproduced with cancels from Oneglia. Among them is the cancel "CUNEO 19 MAGG 61 12 M", however, the cancel is slightly different here "16" instead of "19" and the "O" rounder. The cancel "TORINO 19 MAGG 63 12 M" is also listed in the Tyler book as belonging to Oneglia.
The "DA ANCONA A BOLOGNA 12 APR. 60 (1)" cancel also appears on stamps of Sardinia (genuine postage due stamps weren't even supposed to be cancelled).
The forged cancel "TODI 10 APR. 62 UMBRIA" as found on the 10 c was also used on forgeries of Sardinia.

 

Japon. N

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1 1876-71 Les premieres 79 (gravure surpredante), la série........................................................................... Fr. 20.--
2   Les premieres 60 Fr. 22.--

Since these Japan forgeries are marked "N", they were not made by Oneglia, but by another forger (as mentioned in the foreword of his catalogue).

 

 


Part of a pricelist of Oneglia from 1898, with an image of a Jhalawar stamp.The text (in French) elsewhere in this pricelist reads "JHALAWAR 1891 - 1 paisa vert Fr.-.05"

Jhalawar.

Number Year Description Price in Fr.

.
The above shown image appears to be identical to these forgeries of Jhalawar. I believe these could be Oneglia forgeries,
although this is actually not the 1 paisa value....

1 1891 1 paisa, vert............................................................... Fr. -.05

 

Joniennes (Iles). *

Number Year Description Price in Fr.

1859 - Effigie de Victoria à gauche dans une ovale (gravure en cuivre):

.

1 1859 1/2 p. orange Fr. -.40
2   1 p. bleu Fr. -.40
3   2 p. carmin Fr. -.40
4   2 p. carmin vif Fr. -.40

 

Oneglia forgeries, 1906 catalogue, "Luxembourg" to "Mauritius"


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer