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FRANCE 1876 issue 'Sage'

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Note: on my website many of the pictures can not be seen! They are of course present in the cd's;
contact me if you want to purchase them:

1876 Two figures and globe, so called 'peace and commerce type' or Sage type' after the designer

1 c green 'peace and commerce' 2 c green 2 c brown on yellow 'peace and commerce' 3 c brown on yellow 4 c green 5 c green 10 c green 10 c black on lilac 20 c red on yellow 25 c brown on yellow 'peace and commerc' 30 c brown 75 c lilac on orange 1 Fr olive 5 Fr lilac

  1 c green
  1 c black on blue
  2 c green
  2 c brown on yellow
  3 c brown
  3 c grey
  4 c green
  4 c brown on grey
  5 c dark green
  5 c light green
  10 c green
  10 c black on lilac
  15 c grey
  15 c blue
  20 c brown on yellow
  20 c red on green
  25 c blue
  25 c black on red
  25 c brown on yellow
  30 c brown
  35 c brown on yellow
  40 c red on yellow
  50 c red
  75 c red
  75 c lilac on orange
  1 F olive
  2 F brown on blue
  5 F violet

(5 F red)

A 5 F red was issued in 1925 for a philatelic exhibition in Paris in a miniature sheet:

(Miniature sheet for the Stamp Exhibition of 1925 with four 5 F stamps, reduced size)

(The two types)

Two types of these stamps exist: Type I; the very small inscription at the bottom has the 'N' of 'INV' below the 'B' of 'REPUBLIQUE'; Type II: the 'N' of 'INV' is below the 'U' of 'REPUBLIQUE'. Not all stamps have been issued in both types. Specialists distinguish a 1 c black on very intense blue (blue de Prusse) variety which is quite valuable.

All the stamps are perforated 14 x 13 1/2.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
 Type IType II 
1 c green******   
1 c black on blue  cvcblack on intense blue: RRR
2 c greenRRR***** 
2 c brown on yellow  cvc 
3 c brown  ****** 
3 c grey  *c 
4 c greenRR   
4 c brown on grey  *c 
5 c greenR****vcShades of green
10 c greenR**RRR 
10 c black on lilac**c**vc 
15 c greyRR**Rc 
15 c blue  *vcExist on paper with crossed background lines: vc
20 c brown on yellow ****   
20 c red on green  **c 
25 c blueRRR***RvcShades of colour
25 c black on red  *vc 
25 c brown on yellow  Rc 
30 c brownRR****c 
35 c brown on yellow  RR** 
40 c red on yellowRR****c 
50 c redR****vc 
75 c redRR*RR*** 
75 c lilac on orange  ***** 
1 FRR****c 
2 F brown on blue*****   
5 F violet  RR*** 
5 F red (1925)  RR 

1 c with so-called 'Millesime': small piece of paper between two stamps

Genuine 'Blue de Prusse' or 1 c black on intense blue variety

These stamps, but imperforated, were issued for the french colonies. These stamps surcharged with 'CENTIMOS' were issued for french Morocco. Surcharged with 'PIASTRE' they were used for the french post offices in Turkey. Those surcharged with 'ANNA' were used in Zanzibar.

'11' in a circle cancel
(Special cancellation '11' in circle)

I have seen many of the above cancels; a small circle with a number inside (also on later issues). I don't know what they were used for. If anybody has more information please contact me! I have seen the numbers: 1, 2, 11, 13, 22, 49, 53 and 120.

They resemble a lot the 'Origine Rurale' cancels, or 'OR' in a small circle, example:

('OR' in a small circle)

red cancel

(A stamp used in Turkey)

precancel precancel

These stamps exists precancelled (see images above), but are very rare. Forged overprints exist, example:

Forged precancel

Postal forgery:

A postal forgery of the 15 c blue stamp was made in St. Etienne in 1886; the so-called 'faux de Chalon'. They seem to have been made by mrs. Conry, Rolle and Mugnier. Example:

(Chalon forgery left, genuine stamp right)

The Chalon forgery has the perforation in the corners different (it doesn't 'match'). The finer details are lost in this forgery. The 'O' of 'POSTE' is more oval than in the genuine stamps. The dots before and after 'REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE' are full and not hollow as in the genuine stamps. The picture of this forgery was found on the website: http://home.nordnet.fr/~hcantineau/faux_chalon.htm. More information on these forgeries can be found there (in French).

(Genuine envelope with two forged 5 F stamps added and forged cancels, reduced size)

The forgeries made by someone in Hialeah, Florida (USA) are usually not very dangerous. They are poorly made forgeries offered as such on E-bay. They are probably made by using a scanner and printer. However, recently (August 2003) he also starts offering genuine envelopes, decorated with his forgeries and with forged cancels added! The above example is such a genuine envelope, with two forged 5 F stamps added, a forged '3122' numeral cancel and two mute cancels.

Another recent forgery of the 5 F exhibition stamp, made by Peter Winter (in the 1980's):

The word 'FAUX' is printed in the lower left corner. This forgery also exists misperforated (with extra large margins left or right) and uncancelled. I've also seen the whole exhibition sheet forged (probably from the same source).

Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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