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EGYPT 1866-1878

Return To Catalogue - Egypt 1879-1920 - Miscellaneous - Suez Canal Company

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Egypt is a country situated in North-eastern Africa. It used to be a Turkish province, but was occupied by the British in 1882. It became a protectorate in 1914 and a monarchy in 1922.


1866 Inscription 'PARA' or 'PE' and value, various frames

5 pa grey 20 pa blue 1 Pi lilac Genuine? Genuine?

  5 pa grey
  10 pa brown
  20 pa blue
  1 Pi lilac
  2 Pi yellow
  5 Pi red
  10 Pi blue

For the specialist, these stamps (except the 1 Pi lilac) have watermark 'Pyramid'. The 1 Pi lilac has no watermark. Inverted watermarks are very common (the 2 Pi almost only exists with inverted watermark). Imperforate stamps seem to be proofs. A misprint exists; a stamp with the colour of the 5 Pi stamp, but with the inscription of the 10 Pi (RRR).

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
5 pa****** 
10 pa****** 
20 pa****** 
1 Pi***** 
2 Pi******Bisected stamps were used from 16 to
31 July 1867 (lack of ordinary 1 Pi stamps)
5 PiRRRR 
10 PiRRRR 

Forgeries, example:

Salama forgery!
(Salama forgery)

This dangerous forgery was made by Salama who used genuine watermarked paper (and in some cases printer's waste).

Other forgeries:


(Probably a forgery as well, imperforate, blue and black text is different from the above 20 pa stamp)

 

1867 Pyramid and Sphinx, value in lower corners

genuine? 20 pa green, genuine? 5 Pi brown, genuine?
(I'm not quite sure if there are no forgeries in the above stamps!)

  5 pa yellow
  10 pa lilac
  20 pa green
  1 Pi red
  2 Pi blue
  5 Pi brown ('P' and 'E' in upper corners)

For the specialist: A star and crescent is impressed on the backside of the stamp (sort of watermark), checking this is the easiest way of detecting forgeries! The absence of this impression guarantees that the stamp is a forgery (forgeries with watermark also exist). Four types of each of these stamps exist.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
5 pa**** 
10 pa**** 
20 pa***** 
1 Pi*c 
2 Pi***** 
5 PiR*** 

Forgeries:

Forgery! Forgery! Forgery? Note the larger space for the '5's! 5 Pi brown

In these forgeries the head of the sphinx almost touches the outlines of the front face of the pyramid. Furthermore the cancel, dots in a square, was never used on the genuine stamps. The above forgeries are made by the Spiro brothers. Note the larger space for the '5's in one of the 5 Pi forgeries (the forger made a mistake and took the bottom frame of the 5 pa). All these forgeries are also discussed in 'The Spud Papers IX and X'.

Other forgeries:

The above forgeries seem to have an impressed(?) watermark. Note that the value inscription differs considerably from the genuine stamps. The colours seem to be very bright.


(This could be a Fournier forgery)


(Essay of a 1 Pi stamp, different design)

I have seen an imperforate 'proof' of these stamps; the 1 Pi in the colours green and red (the ellipse with the sphinx in red); these proofs are actually forgeries. Example:

 

1872 Pyramid and Sphinx, value in 4 corners

2 Pi yellow

  5 pa brown
  10 pa lilac
  20 pa blue
  1 pi red
  2 pi yellow
  2 1/2 pi lilac
  5 pi green

For the specialist: These stamps have watermark 'Star and Crescent'. Remainders were cancelled to order and sold to dealers (if anybody posesses more information, please contact me!). Two printings made by two printers were made, the first one by Penasson (Alexandria) and the second one by the state printers in Bulak.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
5 pa****With inverted values: * (see example below)
10 pa** 
20 pa*** 
1 Pi*c 
2 Pi** 
2 1/2 Pi** 
5 Pi****** 


(Inverted values)

Surcharged (1879)

'5 paras' on 2 1/2 p lilac

  '5 paras' on 2 1/2 Pi lilac
  '10 paras' on 2 1/2 Pi lilac

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
5 pa on 2 1/2 Pi **Exists with inverted surcharge: RR
10 pa on 2 1/2 Pi **Exists with inverted surcharge: RR

Stamp used in Constantinopel (Turkey):

Between 1866 and 1879 Egypt had the following post offices abroad: Beyrut, Dardanelles, Gallipoli, Harare (Ethiopia), Jaffa, Cavalle, Constantinopel, Lagos, Latakia, Massaua, Mersina, Mytilenos, Rhodos, Salonici, Smyrna, Tenedos, Tripoli and Volo (Greece). There were also many egyptian post offices in Sudan.

Forgeries exist of these stamps:


A Spiro sheet with 25 forgeries of the 2 Pi value

I think the above stamps are Spiro forgeries. I do not know what the distinghuishing characteristics of this forgery are. The cancels look quite 'bogus': arrays of dots and patterns of lines. I have seen sheets with 20 pa, 1 Pi, 2 Pi and 2 1/2 Pi stamps cancelled with typical Spiro cancels (see image above for an example). I think these forgeries were also offered by Fournier in his 1914 pricelist (7 values for 2 Swiss francs) as second choice forgeries. The next picture shows a forgery with overprint 'FAUX', probably coming from a Fournier Album, that was made after Fourniers forgeries were bought over by the Philatelic Union of Geneva:


(Forgery with 'FAUX' overprint)

Other forgeries:


(Note the strange head in these forgeries)

 

For stamps of Egypt issued from 1879 to 1920, click here.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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