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PHILIPPINES 1852-1870

Return To Catalogue - 1871-1881 issues - 1882-1900 issues


1854 Queen Isabella II in an ellipse with pearls, inscription 'CORREOS 1854-55', imperforate

5 c orange Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Genuine

  5 c orange
  10 c red
  1 r grey (blue)
  2 r green

Overprinted 'HABILITADO POR LA NACION' (1869)
  1 r grey

These stamps were issued with inscription 'CORREOS 1853' for Spain. The 5 c were used for light interior letters (under 1/2 ounce), the 10 c for heavier ones (1/2 to 1 ounce) and the 1 r for letters between 1 and 1 1/2 ounce. The 2 r was used for registered letters. A nice website on these first issues can be found at: http://nigelgooding.co.uk/Spanish/Isabella/1854.htm. Many examples of forgeries can also be found on this website.

For the specialist, the inscription 'CORREOS 1854Y55' is in the top label for the 5 and 10 c, it is in the bottom label for the 1 r and 2 r. The value label is in the bottom label for the 5 and 10 c and in the top label for the other values. There are 40 types of each stamp (as many stamps as there are in the sheet). A famous type is the 'CORROS' misprint of the 1 r:


(A misprint 'CORROS' instead of 'CORREOS')

Forgeries:

The forger Engelhardt Fohl made forgeries of the 1 r and 2 r, where the inscription 'CORREOS 1854Y55' is at the top instead of at the bottom. I don't have a picture of these forgeries right now.

Sperati forgery:

An extremely dangerous forgery of the 10 c was made by the forger Sperati. An image of this Sperati forgery was found on the website: http://www.nigelgooding.co.uk/Pick/2002_02.htm :

The distinghuishing characteristics of this forgery are (also obtained from the above mentioned website):

The stamp chosen by Sperati was from sheet position 33, (third stamp in the seventh row)

  1. The central stroke of the 'F' in 'FRANCO' is very weak.
  2. There is a white dot in the upper right side of the '0' in '10'.
  3. The right frame line has an 'extension' just above the level of the nose.

He also made proofs in black of this stamp. Sperati forgeries are not often met with and are quite expensive. More information on Sperti forgeries can be found in: 'The Work of Jean de Sperati' by the British Philatelic Association, 1956

 

1855 Queen Isabella II in an ellipse without pearls, inscription 'CORREOS 1854-55', imperforate

Different type

 5 c red (slightly other design)

Forgeries, examples:

Forgery!

 

1859 Queen Isabella II, imperforated

inscription 'CORREOS INTERIOR'

5 c red, type I 5 c red, type II, smaller circle 10 c red 5 c red and 10 c red

  5 c red (4 main types)
  10 c red (2 main types)
  1 r violet
  2 r blue

Overprinted 'HABILITADO POR LA NACION' (1869)

  5 c red
  10 c red
  1 r violet
  2 r blue

inscription 'CORREOS'

'1 R PLATA F' green 1 r green, typical cancel 1 r plata green, different type

  1 R PLATA F green (2 types)

Overprinted 'HABILITADO POR LA NACION' (1869)

'1 R PLATA F' green, overprinted 'HABILITADO POR LA NACION'

  1 r green

For issues in similar types, see Spanish Antilles and Spain.

Forgeries:

An excellent website on the forgeries of this serie can be found at: http://nigelgooding.co.uk/Spanish/Isabella/isabella.htm or http://nigelgooding.co.uk/Spanish/Amadeo/amadeo.htm

Examples of forgeries:

Forgery?

The little dot should be behind the 'S' of 'RS' and not below it as in the above forgery. The cancel is a typical 'forgers-cancel'.

In the above forgery the 'C' of 'CORREOS' is too far to the left. There are some other differences in the lettering (for example the last 'R' of 'INTERIOR' is too broad at the bottom. It seems that this forgery also exist with cancel (see for example the 10 c forgery above with a cancel consisting of lines).


(Other forgeries)


Picture obtained from http://nigelgooding.co.uk/

The above forgery with overprint 'FALSCH' (='forged' in German) was made by Senf. It is not very dangerous with the 'FALSCH' overprint and was not intended to deceive. It was given as an art supplement with a journal issued by Senf. However, some clever forgers have applied cancels to this forgery, in order to cover this word (see for an example the above mentioned website).

 

1864 Queen Isabella II facing the left

(Sorry, no picture available yet)

  3 1/8 c black on yellow
  6 2/8 c green on red
  12 4/8 c blue on red
  25 c red

Similar stamps were issued in Spain and the Spanish Antilles.

Overprinted 'HABILITADO POR LA NACION' (1869)

  3 1/8 c black on yellow
  6 2/8 c green on red
  12 4/8 c blue on red
  25 c red

Forgeries exist, example:

 

For issues of the Philippines from 1871 to 1881, click here.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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