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MEXICO 1856-1863

Mexique - Mexiko

Return To Catalogue - Mexico Overview

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Upto about 1882 a security overprint with the name of the city or a number was applied to most Mexican stamps (stamps without this overprint were not supposed to be valid for use). This security overprint was applied to prevent stolen stamps from being used.

A nice website on the early issues of Mexico can be found at: http://oneof.stampsofmexico.org/.

1856 Head of Hidalgo, inscription 'CORREOS MEJICO', inscriptions in white

Coloured stamps on white paper

1/2 r blue 2 rs green 4 r red

  1/2 r blue
  1 r yellow
  2 r green
  4 r red
  8 r lilac

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1/2 r blueRRRAbout 800000 stamps printed
1 r yellowR***Also exists in orange,
1.4 million stamps printed
2 r greenR***1.6 million stamps printed
4 r redRRRAbout 160000 stamps printed
8 r lilacRRRRAbout 100000 stamps printed

The number of stamps printed obtained from http://www.regencystamps.com/Mexico.shtml (nice website with plenty of information by the way).

Black stamps on coloured paper (1861)

Genuine!

  1/2 r black on brown
  1 r black on green
  2 r black on red
  4 r black on yellow
  8 r black on brown

A 2 r black on yellow seems to exist (misprint?).

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1/2 rRR194000 stamps printed
1 rR***821000 stamps printed
2 rR***925000 stamps printed
4 rRRR103000 stamps printed
8 rRRRR63000 stamps printed

The number of stamps printed obtained from http://www.regencystamps.com/Mexico.shtml.

Coloured stamps on coloured paper (1861)

  4 r red on yellow
  8 r green on brown

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
4 rRRRNumber of stamps printed unknown
8 rRRRRRNumber of stamps printed unknown
Overprinted 'Mexico' in fancy (gothic) letters (1867)

4 r red on yellow

  1/2 r black on brown
  1/2 r grey
  1 r black on green
  1 r blue
  2 r black on red
  2 r green
  4 r red
  4 r red on yellow
  4 r lilac
  8 r black on brown
  8 r green on brown

This gothic overprint was made after Emperor Maximilian was overthrown in1867. Two slightly different handstamps were issued to make the 'Mexico' overprint. The values 1/2 r grey, 1 r blue, 2 r green and 4 r lilac were printed on bluish paper with sheet watermark 'R.S.P'. I'm not really sure if these last four values were always issued with the 'Mexico' overprint, any information would be welcome on this subject.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1/2 r black on brown RRRRRR 
1/2 r greyRRRRRR 
1 r black on green RRR 
1 r blueRRRRR 
2 r black on red R*** 
2 r greenRRR 
4 r redRRRRRR 
4 r red on yellowRRR 
4 r lilac RRRRR 
8 r black on brown RRRRRR 
8 r green on brownRRRRRR 

A nice website on the security overprints can be found at: http://overprints.stampsofmexico.org/Issues/1856_district_overprints.htm.

Bisected stamps:

The next bisected stamp of a 8 r value with a cancel of Durango is genuine:

Forgeries:

Forgeries exist (by the way, I'm not sure if all the above stamps are genuine), examples:

First forgery:

Forgery!
(2 r green and 4 r red on yellow forgeries)

This forgery has the label with 'CORREOS MEJICO' too straight. The execution is very poor. I have also seen the 1/2 r blue, 2 r black on red, 4 r black on yellow, 8 r lilac and 8 r black on lilac of this particular forgery (see Bill Claghorn's forgery site: http://members.tripod.com/claghorn1p/Mexico/Mex01x.htm ).

Other forgeries:

I've been told that this are Spiro forgeries:

Note the special shape of the top and bottom label in these forgeries. I've been told that these are so-called Riesa forgeries. I've also seen 1/2 r blue, 4 r green on yellow and 8 r black on brown.

Image obtained from Bill Claghorn's forgery site

In the above forgeries, the bottom ornaments are different from the genuine stamp. The inscription reads wrongly 'CORREOS MEDICO' . The upper label is too straight. There are many other differences. I have also seen the values 1/2 r blue, 4 r red, 4 r black on yellow and 8 r green on brown of this particular forgery. I've been told that these are so-called Behtmann forgeries. It is described as the third forgery in Album Weeds. Other values seem to exist with wrong inscriptions: 'MEDIO REALES' and 'UN REALES' according to this book. the 2 r has inscription 'DOS. R EALES' with a larger space between the 'R' and 'E', the image was obtained from Bill Claghorn's forgery site: http://members.tripod.com/claghorn1p.

Other forgeries:

Besides the 1 r yellow, 2 r green and 8 r black on brown, I have also seen the values 1 r black on green, 2 r black on red, 4 r red and 4 r red on yellow. I have seen the cancels 'PUEBLA FRANCO' in two lines (only part of this cancel is visible on a single forgery), 'PUEBLA' in one line, 'FRANCO MEXICO' in a circle and a grid cancel consisting of a circle with squares (see the above sheet of forgeries for more details).


(Two forgeries made by the same forger? I have seen the 4 r red on yellow forgery with the same cancel as the 4 r red; ellipse consisting of lines)


(A forgery with inscription 'CORREOS MEJIOS')

The above forgery has the wrong inscription 'CORREOS MEJIOS', it is described as the second forgery in Album Weeds. Only the value 1/2 r is mentioned.

The following forged cancels can be found in The Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries (which contains forgeries made by Francois Fournier):

Another cancel exists used by Fournier: 'FRANCO 1 FEBR. 72 MORELIA' in a single circle, similar to the above circular cancels.

I don't know on which forgeries Fournier used these cancels, but the image of a 4 r red stamp shown next bears a cancel 'FRANCO MEXICO 29 OCT. 18..' in a single circle, identical as shown above. Note that the last two numbers of the year are very blotched and cannot be identified. Is this a Fournier product?


(Fournier forgery?)

More dangerous are forged overprints; the next stamps with gothic 'Mexico' overprint are such forgeries:


(forgeries)

I have also seen a reprint of the 4 r red on yellow with a forged cancel.

 

For stamps of Mexico from 1864 to 1865, click here.


Stamps - Timbres-Poste - Estampillas - Sellos

Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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