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ROMAGNE (Italy)

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Note: on my website many of the pictures can not be seen! They are of course present in the cd's;
contact me if you want to purchase them:
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Currency: 100 Bajocchi = 1 Scudo


With thanks to Lorenzo, (check his excellent website on Italian States!) who kindly set some of his images at my disposal

The province of Romagne was included in the Papal States. The stamps of Romagne were only used during the provisional government from 1st september 1859 to 12 january 1860. It was annexed by Sardinia afterwards.

1859 Value and inscription 'FRANCO BOLLO POSTALE ROMAGNE'

1/2 b black on yellow, image obtained thanks to Lorenzo Image obtained thanks to Lorenzo 3 b black on green Image obtained thanks to Lorenzo 6 baj black on green, genuine, image obtained thanks to Lorenzo Image obtained thanks to Lorenzo Image obtained thanks to Lorenzo

  1/2 Baj black on yellow
  1 Baj black on grey
  2 Baj black on orange
  3 Baj black on green
  4 Baj black on brown
  5 Baj black on violet
  6 Baj black on green
  8 Baj black on red
  20 Baj black on grey

All of these stamps (except the 4 b) are more valuable cancelled than unused. The values 6 b, 8 b and 20 b are very rare in used condition. The 1/2 b, 1 b, 2 b, 4 b, 6 b and 8 b are known to exist bisected (to serve for half their initial value).

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1/2 b***RR 
1 b***R 
2 b***R 
3 b***RR 
4 bRR 
5 b***RR 
6 b***RRR  
8 b***RRR 
20 b***RRR 
Reprints (all values) c  

Official reprints do not exist, however private reprints exist (the impression is more worn). The forger Usigli obtained the plates from these stamps (together with genuine obliterators). He made private reprints and essays with these and with retouched plates. He sold the plates to a certain Bonasi, who sold them again to the stamp dealer Moens in Belgium. Moens also made private reprints from retouched plates (the upper right circle in the upper right ornament is closed instead of open as in the original stamps; see below for example) in 1892. These retouched plates then were passed on to Julius Goldner, a forger from Hamburg, Germany (see 'Philatelic Forgers, their lives and works' by Varro E.Tyler). This forger then printed another set of 'reprints' in 1897 (recognizable by the badly retouched corner lines of the inner frame, and the fact that most of the dots around the corner rozettes are missing according to 'The Forged Stamps of all Countries' by J.Dorn).

Typical cancels

Image obtained thanks to Lorenzo Genuine
(Genuine)

1/2 b black on yellow, cancelled 2 b black on orange
(genuine cancels?)

The private reprints are frequently cancelled and offered as genuine (according to Album Weeds).

Reprint-forgeries:

Many forgeries exist, examples:

Forgery! Forgery! Forgery!

Genuine Forgery!
Genuine and forged upper right corner.

Note on forgeries: in the right upper corner, the genuine stamps always have a white space in between the central circle and the upper right circle. In the above forgeries these circles are perfect circles.

Forged block of four stamps
(Forged block of four stamps)

Other forgeries

Besides reprint-forgeries (which are the most common forgeries of Romagne), other forgeries exist. Example:

6 baj black on green, genuine, image obtained thanks to Lorenzo
(Left forgery, right genuine)

A comparison with a genuine stamp shows that in the above forgery, the lettering is spaced differently (for example the 'O' of 'FRANCO' is too far from the top right ornament). The '6' is also too thin.


(Forgery, reduced size)

In this forgery the '8' is of a wrong type (compare with a genuine stamp).


(Another forgery with very ragged letters and only one dot behind 'BAI')


(A forgery with different lettering, for example the 'P' of 'POSTALE' and a very weird cancel, I've also seen the 1/2 b of this particular forgery, with the same cancel, the top of the '5' in the 5 b value is incorrect)


(Another forgery with the top of the '5' incorrect)

The next two forgeries have the upper downstroke of the 'F' of 'FRANCO' too small. The ornaments in the corners are not nicely done; for example in the upper right corner the ornament seems to be slanting upwards. There are many more differences with the genuine stamps (see for example the lettering):

Some forgeries with very clumsy and too large corner ornaments; also note the 'hook' at the '1' in the 1/2 b and 1 b values:

Some other primitive forgeries:

Dots behind 'BAI' too far apart
(Some other primitive forgeries)


(The 'A' of 'ROMAGNE' should have a flat top, in this forgery it is pointed)

Fournier forgeries

Fournier also made some forgeries of these stamps. I've been told that the headstroke of the 'F' of 'FRANCO' is too short in these forgeries. Also, in the right upper corner, the genuine stamps always have a white space in between the central circle and the upper right circle. In the Fournier forgeries these circles are perfect circles. In 'The Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries' pictures of these forgeries can be found in sheets of 4x5, when they come from this album they have the overprint 'FAUX'. Fournier offers these forgeries as 2nd choice forgeries for 2 Swiss Francs (all 9 values together). Fournier forgeries exist uncancelled and cancelled.

Note the slanting '0' in '20'

In my opinion, the following distinghuishing characteristics are valid for the individual values:
1/2 b: '2' has a small smudge at the lower left
4 b: Top left part of the '4' is slanting to far to the left
20 b: '0' is slanting to the left


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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