|Preview of Stamps Catalogue: VOLUME 2|
17 May 1833 (Tournai) - 28 April 1907 (Brussels)
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Jean-Baptiste Phillipe Constant Moens was a famous Belgian stamp dealer. He published handbooks and 'Le Timbre Poste' (a philatelic journal). Some of the images of his books were used as examples by forgers to make forgeries. Also, the printing blocks, used to make this illustrations, are known to have been misused (by Moens or someone who bought them) to make 'reprints'.
Portrait of Moens
Moens also made large amounts of reprints of Bergedorf and the Papal States.
Some remainders of Belgium 'cancelled' with a red line by Moens.
This red horizontal line was applied by the stamp dealer Moens on reprints (or remainders?).
Moens reprints of the Papal States:
A bogus issue of Moresnet made by Moens; the design is totally different 10 p black (imperforate or perforated)
A short history behind the appearance of this stamps can be found at http://web.archive.org/web/20050323024956/student.ulb.ac.be/~charveng/moens/biblio2.htm. Moens, apparently unhappy with the fact that Pierre Mahé of the French journal Timbrohile copied Moens' work in his journal, without proper attribution to the source, published the following 'letter' from Moresnet:
Moresnet, le 1er avril 1867
Cher Monsieur Moens,
Je puis donc à mon tour vous apporter mon contingent de nouvelles et apprendre à vos lecteurs quil ya [sic] de par le monde une commune libre de Moresnet, qui vient de révéler son existence par la création de modestes timbres-poste. Ce mode daffranchissement a été adopté sur la proposition de M. Decrackt, le directeur actuel des postes, et la mise en usage fixée au 15 courant. Il y aura quatre valeurs différentes dun même type : deux, unicolores, pour la correspondance pour lAllemagne ; deux, bicolores, pour celle des autres pays. Cette différence dimpression pour bien établir lusage de ces timbres.
Je joins à cette lettre, une épreuve du 10 centimes imprimée en noir sur carton glacé ; je possède pareillement les autres valeurs. Le dessin représente lécu de la commune parti de Belgique et de Prusse, sommé du bonnet phrygien de la liberté, posé de côté. Légende : Commune libre de Moresnet ; dans les angles, la valeur en chiffres. [ ]
Ils sont gravés par MM. De Visch et Lirva, de votre ville, qui se sont chargés en même temps de limpression, moyennant le prix modique de 75 centimes les mille timbres gommés et piqués. Nous navons quun seul reproche à formuler contre ces timbres, cest labsence de lénonciation de la valeur. [ ]
This letter describes how a new set of stamps was to be issued in Moresnet. The name 'J.S.Neom' is 'Moens' written backwards. Furthermore the printer 'De Visch et Lirva' can be translated as 'Poisson d'avril' (Visch = fish = Poisson in French). With 'Lirva' the reversed word for 'Avril'; 'Poisson d'Avril' appears, which is the French word for April fool..... The 'joke' worked and this 'newsfact' was straight away taken over by Pierre Mahe in his journal.
A zemstvo 'reprint' of Ryazan:
Forgery (left) based on an illustration of the Moens catalogue (right) "Les Timbres-Poste Ruraux de Russie" by Samuel Koprowski (editor J.B.Moens), 1875. In the word 'RYZANSKO' (upper left), the letters 'R' and '3' are inverted when compared to a genuine stamp.
First stamp of Brazil 60 r, genuine and forgery. Note that the 'nobs' on the "60" are not well done when compared to a genuine stamp. This forgery appears to have been based on an illustration from Le Timbre Poste by Moens of March 1867, No.51, page 22 (third image). The catalogue of Placido Ramon de Torres of 1879 also has the same image on page 168.
Forgery in the color red. The second image appears to be a similar forgery as the red one; on the backside a stamp of Guatamala is printed! Both sides are shown in the above scan. Both stamps appear to have been copied or based on an image that can be found in Le Timbre Poste, No.16, page 28, April 1864 by Moens. he same image appears once more in the catalogue of Placido Ramon de Torres "Album Illustrado para Sellos de Correo" of 1879 on page 171 (information passed to me thanks to Gerhard Lang, 2016).
Genuine 10 c first issue of Luxembourg and some primitive forgeries of the 10 c first issue of Luxemboug in the wrong colors: green and brown. The magazine Le Timbre Poste by Moens has this image on page 83 of No.107 (November 1871). This forgery is identical to the image provided in the John Edward Gray 'The Illustrated Catalogue of Postage Stamps' of 1870 on page 34 (thus one year before the appearance of the Moens magazine). The catalogue of Placido Ramon de Torres "Album Illustrado para Sellos de Correo" of 1879 also has the same image (information passed to me thanks to Gerhard Lang, 2016, last image shown above) on page 89.
Modena 4 Bai forgery of the 4 b in color blue. The '4' has a too long left part. This forgery is identical to the image provided in the John Edward Gray 'The Illustrated Catalogue of Postage Stamps' of 1870 on page 45 (see second image above). In 1872 it appears again in Le Timbre-Poste by Moens No120, page 92 (third image above). An image of this forgery can also be found in the catalogue of Placido Ramon de Torres "Album Illustrado para Sellos de Correo" of 1879 (information passed to me thanks to Gerhard Lang, 2016) on page 83 (see fourth image).
"PAPM" instead of "PARM" forgeries. The last images are scanned from Le Timbre Poste by Moens and from Gray and de Torres catalogues.
Parma, genuine 40 c stamp. In the above forgery (second image) of the 40 c the "A" of "STATI" is too broad and the value "40" doesn't resemble the genuine stamp. Furthermore there is no cross on top of the crown, instead there is a pearl. The bogus 10 c red was probably issued by the same forger. The inscription on top appears to be "STATI PAPM" ("P" instead of "R"). I've also seen the 10 c in the bogus color green. The oldest "PAPM" forgery I have seen is from Moens in his Le Timbre Poste No.129, page 71 from September 1873. This forgery is identical to the image provided in the John Edward Gray 'The Illustrated Catalogue of Postage Stamps' of 1870 on page 40 (see image above). This forgery can also be found in the catalogue of Placido Ramon de Torres of 1879 on page 85 (see last image). Note that there are scratches on the de Torres design, which don't appear on the Gray design or on the forgeries.
Parma second issue 15 c genuine stamp and a 15 c blue stamp, possibly a proof or more likely a forgery, the design is slightly different from the genuine stamps. Next to it a similar forgery(?) in the correct colour red. The leaf patterns at the left are different and the "C" of "CENT" has a strange toppart. This forgery type was apparently based on an illustration in Le Timbre Poste, No 132, page 94 of Moens (December 1873, see fourth image). This forgery can also be found in the catalogue of Placido Ramon de Torres "Album Illustrado para Sellos de Correo" of 1879 (information passed to me thanks to Gerhard Lang, 2016) on page 85 (see last image above).
(Senf forgeries, based on an earlier Moens illustration)
Senf made a forgery of the 5 c yellow stamp (also orange?) of the first issue of Parma. The first image above shows the genuine stamp, the second and third images show the Senf forgeries. This forgery was distributed with stamp journal the 'Illustrierten Briefmarken Journal', No 14 (16 July 1887) as an 'art supplement' or 'Kunstbeigabe'. The forgery always bears the word 'Facsimile' on top. Note the strange "S"s. The third image shows a stamp with the word 'Facsimile' first having been partly erased and then a 'cancel' was applied to the area to hide this word. Apparently, Senf copied the design from an earlier Moens illustration from Les Timbres Poste Illustre of 1864 (by erasing the "1" to make it a 5 c instead of a 15 c; see last image; first stamp).
Genuine stamp and very primitive forgery of the Pacific Steam Navigation Company of 1857. It was apparently copied from an illustration in Le Timbre Poste by Moens of 1863, page 12. This forgery can also be found in the catalogue of Placido Ramon de Torres "Album Illustrado para Sellos de Correo" of 1879 (information passed to me thanks to Gerhard Lang, 2016) on page 233 under "Compania del Oceano Pacifico".
Two forgeries of the 10 r and 200 r value, apparently made by the same forger, there is a line in front of the word 'SERVICO' which does not exist in the genuine stamps. Also the lettering is too big. I've seen the values 10 r black, 20 r orange, 40 r blue, 100 r green, 200 r yellow and 300 r lilac. Also shown here an illustration of The Stamp Collector's Magazine of 1872, Vol X page 72, which should describe the genuine stamp, but actually shows a forgery. The same image also appears in Moens' Le Timbre-Poste No112 on page 27. The same image appears in the catalogue of Placido Ramon de Torres "Album Illustrado para Sellos de Correo" of 1879, page 131, in a similar design (information passed to me thanks to Gerhard Lang, 2016).
Le Timbre Poste; a stamp journal by Moens issued from 1863 onwards.
Italian Municipals; Moens, J.B. 1892 (reprinted in 1994), 80 pages.
Les timbres de Prusse; J.B. Moens, 1887 (can be visualized with http://www.archive.org)
Postage stamp album; J.B.Moens 1864, (in English, can be visualized with http://www.archive.org)
Timbres des Etats de Parme, Modene et Romagne; Moens, J.B. 1878, 116 pages (can be downloaded with http://www.archive.org)
Timbres des Duches de Schleswig, Holstein & Lauenburg et de la Ville de Bergedorf; Moens, J.B. 1884, 102 pages (http://www.archive.org).
Les Timbres de Natal L.H.J.Walker & J.B.Moens; 1883, 70 pages (http:/www.archive.org).
Almanach du Timbre-Poste by X.Y.Z. 1886 (supplement to 'Le Timbre Poste'); in this humorous little work fun is being made of many other stamp dealers that Moens apparently didn't like.
Stamps - Briefmarken - Timbres-Poste - Postzegels - Francobolli - Estampillas