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BRAZIL 1843-1865

Return To Catalogue - Brazil 1866-1890 - Brazil 1891-1920 - Fiscal stamps, part 1 - Fiscal stamps, part 2 - Miscellaneous

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1843 Numeral 'Bull's eyes', or 'Olhos de Boi' in portuguese

Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com
(Genuine stamps)


(Reduced sizes)

  30 r black
  60 r black
  90 r black

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
30 rRRRRR 
60 rRRRR 
90 rRRRRRR 

Forgeries of these stamps exist. There are 17 different kinds of forgeries known. Very old forgeries were made by Spiro in 1864, Zechmeyer made 3 different forgeries in 1890, followed by Erasmus Oneglia in 1897 and Giovani Patroni, also in 1897. In the 20th century forgeries were made by M.Mercier in 1910 (Mercier is the predecessor of the famous forger Fournier) and Jean de Sperati in 1914 (only the 60 r and 90 r). The other forgeries are of unkown makers.

In most forgeries the network of lines of the background is different from the genuine stamps. Examples:

Spiro forgeries:


(Reduced sizes)

Spiro forgery! Spiro forgery! Spiro forgery!

There is a chain pattern around the inner shaded region in these Spiro forgeries. This pattern is not present in the genuine stamps.

Zechmeyer forgeries:

Zechmeyer forgery! Zechmeyer forgery! Zechmeyer forgery! Zechmeyer forgery! Zechmeyer forgery!

Other forgeries:

Forgery!
In this forgery of the 90 r, the '9' and '0' are touching each other, in the genuine stamps, there is a clear space between them

Forgery!


(Reduced size)


(In this forgery, the left bottom part of the '3' is not forked as in the genuine stamps)


Forgery of th 30 r value: the black line of shading at the top left of the '3' should not be there.

Sperati forgeries (60 r and 90 r only):

60 r:

Sperati forgery
Image obtained from: http://www.seymourfamily.com/rfrajola/Sperati/speratiindex.htm


(Probably a Sperati forgery)

This forgery is made by photo-lithography, while the genuine stamps are engraved. The cancels always seem to be one of the following: 'PELOTAS' or 'Victoria' in a straight line, 'MACEIO' in a framed rectangular box, or 'CORREIO GERALDACORTE' in a double circle, with dates either '30 18 1844 8', '4 9 1844', '14 9 1844', '6 3 1845' or '28 7 1845'. The dates apparantly are always one of the above.


(Sperati forgery?)


(Other stamp that I do not trust)

 

1844 Numeral in italic figures; 'goat's eyes' or 'snake's eyes'

  10 r black
  30 r black
  60 r black
  90 r black
  180 r black
  300 r black
  600 r black

 

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
10 r R*** 
30 rRR 
60 rR*** 
90 rRRRR 
180 rRRRRRR 
300 rRRRRRR 
600 rRRRRRR 

Forgeries, examples:


(Reduced size)

Note that the numbers are different from the genuine stamps in the above forgeries. Also note the typical 'Spiro' cancels.

The forger Fournier offers the three values 180 r, 300 r and 600 r in his 1914 pricelist for 3 Swiss Francs. He sold them as first choice forgeries. I have no pictures of those available right now. He also sold the whole serie (7 values) as second choice forgeries for 2 Swiss Francs, possibly he sold the above shown forgeries.

Other forgeries:


(Forgeries of the 30 r and 300 r)


(Forgery of the 30 r and 300 r; made by the same forger?)

 

1850 Numeral 'cat's eyes', imperforate or perforated (1866)

Genuine

10 r black

  10 r black
  10 r blue (1854)
  20 r black
  30 r black
  30 r blue (1854)
  60 r black
  90 r black
  180 r black
  280 r red (1861)
  300 r black
  430 r yellow (1861)
  600 r black

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
Imperforate (1850)
10 r blackR*** 
10 r blue ******1854
20 rRRRR 
30 r black**** 
30 r blueRRRR1854
60 r**** 
90 rR*** 
180 rRRRR 
280 rRRRR1861
300 rRRRR 
430 rRRRR1861
600 rRRRR 
Perforated 13 1/2 (private perforation in Rio de Janeiro, 1866)
All valuesRRR (60 r) to RR 

Forgeries of these stamps made by Spiro, examples:

430 r yellow, I suspect this to be a forgery too
(Reduced size)

The above forgeries are cancelled with a cancel as in the above 30 r and 240 r, dots or 4 concentric circles; the typical Spiro cancels.

The forger Fournier offers the two values 280 r and 430 r in his 1914 pricelist for 2 Swiss Francs. He sold them as first choice forgeries. I have no pictures of those available right now.

Fournier also offers second choice forgeries: all black values (8) for 2 Swiss Francs, or all values (12) for 2.50 Swiss Francs. Pictures of those can be found in 'The Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries'. They must be the same forgeries offered by Spiro (as shown above).

Other forgeries:

 

For issues of Brazil from 1866 to 1920, click here.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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