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UNITED STATES CONFEDERATE STATES LOCALS Athens - Marion

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Local issues in the Confederate States were issued in (1861): Athens, Baton Rouge, Beaumont, Bridgeville, Charleston, Danville, Emory, Fredericksburg, Galatin, Gollad, Gonzales, Greenville, Greenwood, Grove Hill, Halletsville, Helena, Independence, Jetersville, Kingston, Knoxville, Lenoir, Livingston, Lynchburg, Macon, Marion, Memphis, Mobile, Mt. Lebanon, Nashville, New Orleans, New Smyrna, Petersburg, Pittsylvania Court House, Pleasant Shade, Rheatown, Salem, Spartanburg, Tellico Plains, Uniontown and Victoria. Information on forgeries and bogus issues can be found on http://www.rfrajola.com/csa/csaindex.htm or at http://members.home.com/kr.baker/csa/fakes/ (Kevin Baker) or at http://www.jlkstamps.com/webpage/index1.htm

Athens, star 'paid' and value in double ellipse, inscription 'T. CRAWFORD PM'

Genuine!


(Reduced size, image obtained from a Siegel auction, other type)

  5 c violet (2 types) 
  5 c red (2 types)

The red stamps are even rarer than the violet ones. I have never even seen a picture of a red stamp.

Examples of forgeries:

This forgery does not have a line below 'PAID'

Bogus issues for Athens:


(inscription 'POST OFFICE ATHENS, GA. 1 c, 2 c and 5 c, value in black)

I have also seen this bogus issue with a smaller red value inside (3 c red).

Baton Rouge La. inscription 'J. Mc Cormick'


(Genuine, reduced sizes, images obtained thanks to a Siegel auction)


(With cancel, genuine, image obtained from a Siegel auction)


(Genuine, image obtained from a Rumsey auction)

  2 c green
  5 c red and green 
  5 c red and green (border different)
  10 c blue

Forgeries, examples:

Forgery! Forgery!

Some more sophisticated forgeries:

5 c red and green

The distance between the tiny background circles should be 4.5 mm, however in the above forgeries it is 3.75 mm. If I'm well informed these forgeries were made by the forger Upham.

Beaumont


(Genuine, image obtained from a Siegel auction)


(Genuine on letter, reduced size, images obtained thanks to a Siegel auction)

  10 c black on yellow
  10 c black on lilac

Non issued stamp?
(Bogus issue)

Bridgeville

(Sorry, no picture available yet)

  5 c black (border red)

Only one pair of these stamps seems to exist.

Charleston, inscription 'P.O. CHARLESTON S.C. POSTAGE PAID'

  5 c blue

Forgery?
Bogus issue, I have seen cut squares in a similar design, but without the dotted background.


(Some other forgeries)

Real envelopes with this design exist (without the dotted background):


(genuine envelope, image obtained thanks to a Siegel auction, reduced size)

 

Danville, inscription 'PAID 5 CENTS W.D. COLEMAN P.M.'


(Genuine on envelope, reduced size, image obtained thanks to a Siegel auction)

  5 c red

Emory, 'paid' and value in circle


(Reduced size, picture obtained from a Siegel auction)

  5 c blue

Fredericksburg, inscription 'FREDERICKSBURG S.T. THOM POST OFFICE VA'

Genuine


(Reduced sizes)


Genuine? Image obtained from http://www.webuystamps.com/provision.htm

 

  5 c blue
  10 c red

Non issued stamp?
(Bogus issue)


(Another bogus issue closely resembling the above one, now with inscription 'Post Office.')

 

Galatin, inscription 'Galatin, Ten. To a finish'

(Sorry, no picture available yet)

  5 c green on yellow

It is not quite clear if this is really a postage stamp.

Goliad, inscription 'Goliad POSTAGE'

(Sorry, no picture available yet)

  5 c black
  5 c black on red
  10 c black
  10 c black on red

forgeries exist, example:


(Forgery!)

With name of the postmaster left and right


(Genuine, reduced size, images obtained from http://www.webuystamps.com/provision.htm and a Siegel auction)

  5 c black on grey
  5 c black on blue
  10 c black on grey
  10 c black on blue

The next stamp is probably a forgery:

Gonzales, no value indicated

(Sorry, no picture available yet)

  5 c yellow on blue
  10 c yellow on violet

Greenville


(Forgeries, wrong colours!)

  5 c blue and red
  10 c blue and red

A certain James A. Petrie discovered the first Greenville stamp. Instead of selling it, he decided to sell a limited number of forgeries of these stamps, that he made himself. He managed to fool everybody, (even the Scott catalogue had a picture of his forged stamp instead of the genuine one), until a genuine second copy was found in 1881. Later his fraud was discovered. (source: 'Philatelic forgers, their lives and works' by Varro. E. Tyler). I have not been able to obtain a picture of a genuine stamp or a Petrie forgery. If anybody has a picture of such a stamp (or Petrie forgery), please contact me!

 

Greenwood


(Genuine, reduced size, image obtained from a Siegel auction)

  10 c black

Grove Hill

(Sorry, no picture available yet)

  5 c black

Halletsville

(Sorry, no picture available yet)

  10 c black on blue

Helena, similar design as the Goliad issue

(Sorry, no picture available yet)

  5 c black on yellow
  10 c black on grey

Independence


(Genuine on envelope, reduced size, image obtained from a Siegel auction)

  10 c black on yellow

Jetersville

(Sorry, no picture available yet)

  5 c black

Kingston

(Sorry, no picture available yet)

  5 c black
  5 c red

This issue is probably a bogus issue. Reprints also exist (on white paper, originals have blue paper).

Knoxville, inscription 'C.H.CHARLTON P.M. KNOXVILLE TENN PAID'

Probably genuine

  5 c red
  10 c green

Reprints exists: 5 c red or brown on white or blue. On the later issues and the reprints the star above the 'E' of 'KNOXVILLE' has a scratch. I have seen forgeries in wrong colours: 5 c blue 10 c blue and 10 c red. The 10 c stamp below are forgeries. In both the 5 c and 10 c there should be a comma after 'CHARLTON' and after 'KNOXVILLE' and not a dot. The letters 'XV' of 'KNOXVILLE' should be joined at the top. The word 'PAID' should be at the same level as the 'H' of 'C.H.'. Pictures of forgeries:

Forgery! Wrong colour! Forgery! Forgery?

Envelope in the following design exist in the colours: 5 c blue, 5 c blue on orange, 10 c red and 10 c red on orange.


(Genuine, reduced size, image obtained from a Siegel auction)


(Genuine, image obtained from a Rumsey auction)

Forgery?
(Taylor forgeries)

I know of two types of forgeries, one was made by Petrie and one by Taylor. The differences become clair if we compare the positioning of the letters. In the Taylor forgeries, the word 'FIVE CENTS' is too large. Also the 'V' of 'KNOXVILLE' should be exactly below the 'S' of 'POSTAGE'. In both the Taylor and the Petrie forgeries, the 'V' of 'KNOXVILLE' is below the 'O' of 'POSTAGE'. By the way, if anybody has a picture of a Petrie forgery, please contact me! A picture of a Petrie forgery can also be found at: http://www.jlkstamps.com/fakes/page1.htm.

 

Lenoir


(Genuine on envelope, reduced size, image obtained from a Siegel auction)

  5 c blue and orange


(Forgery in the colour orange)

Livingston


(Genuine, image obtained from a Siegel auction)


(Genuine on envelope, reduced size, image obtained from a Siegel auction)

  5 c blue

Forgeries exist, example:

Forgery!
(Forgery)

The forgery has no rays between the 'AI' of 'PAID' and the star. The word 'CENTS' is written in thinner letters and the 'S' of this word is very weird.

 

Lynchburg

Genuine

  5 c blue

I know that two kinds of forgeries exist.

In both the forgeries, the bottom of the 'P' of 'PAID' touches the lozenge below it, in the genuine stamps it does not. One of the forgeries, the corner ornaments are more or less as in the genuine stamp, the other forgery has the ornaments different (see picture above, note especially the bottom right and upper right corner).

Postal stationery:


(Postal stationery from Lynchburg, image obtained from a Siegel auction)

Even these postal stationeries were forged, example:


(Forgery)

Stamps with inscription 'LYNCHBURG VA PAID' are bogus issues, for more information click here.

Macon


(Genuine, reduced sizes, images obtained from a Siegel auction)


(Image obtained from a Schuyler Rumsey auction)

  2 c green on green
  5 c black on green
  5 c black on blue
  5 c black on yellow (line border)
  5 c black on yellow (ornamental border)

Forgeries of Macon stamps exist, examples:

Forgery!
(Forgery!)


(Bogus issue for Macon)


(reduced size, bogus issue of 10 c green?)

I have been told that the next forgery was made by S.Allan Taylor:


(Taylor forgery)

Madison Court House

Could be a forgery Image obtained from a Siegel auction Misprint
(Madison Court House provisionals)

I have not much information on this confederate issue. Most catalogues don't contain these stamps, since it is not quite clear if these are really postage stamps or just labels. The 3 c exist with misprint '3 CNETS' (only one copy known).

Marion


(genuine, images obtained thanks to a Siegel auction)

  5 c black
  10 c black


(5 c bogus issue for Marion, and a 1 c black in the same design)

For locals of Memphis to Victoria click here.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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