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ONEGLIA FORGERIES, 1906 catalogue, "Canada" to "Cap Vert"

Return To Catalogue - Oneglia forgeries, introduction, part 1 - Oneglia forgeries, introduction, part 2 - Panelli - Spiotti - Venturini

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Erasmo Oneglia was an Italian forger in the late 19th century from Turin. He is famous for his engraved forgeries, but he also made photo-lithographed forgeries. Many of his forgeries were previously attributed to the forger Angelo Panelli. The engraved Oneglia forgeries are usually 'overinked'. When Oneglia applied a watermark on his forgeries, it is very clearly visible. His watermarks are impressed instead of being real watermarks. Oneglia also collaborated closely with A.Venturini and E.Spiotti. The exact relationships that these forgers had is not clear up to this day.

 

Oneglia forgeries, 1906 catalogue, "Abyssinie" to "Bulgarie du Sud"

Canadà. *

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1851 - Papier vergé, gravure en cuivre
1 1851 3 p. rouge................................................................................................................................... Fr. 1.--
2   6 p. violet noir Fr. 1.50
3   12 p. noir Fr. 25.--
1852 - Papier uni.


4 1852 1/2 p. rose Fr. 1.--
5   3 p. rouge Fr. -.30
6   6 p. violet foncé Fr. 1.50
7   7 1/2 p. vert Fr. 3.--
8   10 p. bleu Fr. 2.--
1857 - Dent. 12


9 1857 1/2 cent. rose Fr. 1.50
10   3 cent. rouge Fr. 0.80
11   6 cent. violet foncé Fr. 4.--
12   10 cent. lilas Fr. -.50
13   10 cent. violet foncé Fr. -.50
14   12 1/2 cent. vert Fr. -.20
15   17 cent. bleu Fr. -.50
NON DENTELES (RARE).

16   1 cent. rose Fr. 8.--
17   5 cent. rouge Fr. 5.--
18   10 cent. lilas Fr. 10.--
    Serie de 17 pieces Fr. 60.--

 

Canal de Suez. N

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1 1868 Série de 4 timbres ............................................................................................................................ Fr. 1.--

Since these Suez Canal forgeries are marked "N", they were not made by Oneglia, but by another forger (as mentioned in the foreword of his catalogue).


These are genuine Suez Canal stamps, with forged "5105" and "5129" numeral cancels added by Oneglia and subsequently sold by the stamp forger Venturini.

 

Cap de Bonne-Espérance. *

Number Year Description Price in Fr.

(Timbres triangulaires, gravure en cuivre)
1853-58 - Filigr. <<ancre>>:


1   1 penny, rouge brun Fr. 0.40
2   1 penny, carmin Fr. 0.40
3   4 pence, bleu Fr. 0.40
4   4 pence, bleu foncé Fr. 0.40
5   4 pence, bleu ardese, très foncé Fr. 0.40
6   6 pence, lilas claire Fr. 0.60
7   6 pence, violet Fr. 0.60
8   6 pence, gris lilas Fr. 0.60
9   1 shilling, vert Fr. 1.--
10   1shilling, vert jaune Fr. 1.--
11   1 shilling, vert émeraude Fr. 1.--
1861 - Même type, gravure grossiere:
12   1 penny, carmin Fr. 0.40
13   1 penny, rouge Fr. 0.40
14   4 pence, bleu pâle Fr. 0.40
15   4 pence, bleu foncé Fr. 0.40
ERREURS:
16   1 penny, bleu Fr. 0.40
17   4 pence, rouge Fr. 0.40
18   Les 1er 15 fait en lithogr., la série Fr. 1.--

Lithographed Oneglia forgery?


This 4 p Cape of Good Hope Oneglia forgery has a forged oil anchor watermark.

 

Colombe. N

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1865 - (Timbres taxe triangulair) 3 écusons:
1 1865 2 1/2 noir sur lilas.............................................................................................................................. Fr. -.20
2 1870 2 1/2 noir sur lilas Fr. -.20

Since these Colombia forgeries are marked "N", they were not made by Oneglia, but by another forger (as mentioned in the foreword of his catalogue).

 

Colombe (Médelin).

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1 1889 Série de 4 pièces............................................................................................................................... Fr. 3.--

 

Colombe (N. Grenade). N

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1 1861? 2 1/2 cent., noir................................................................................................................................. Fr. -.20
2   5 cent., jaune Fr. -.20
3   5 cent., orange Fr. -.20
4   10 cent., bleu Fr. -.20
5   20 cent., rouge Fr. -.20
6   1 peso, rose Fr. -.20
1864
7 1864 Série de 5 pièces Fr. 2.--

Since these Colombia forgeries are marked "N", they were not made by Oneglia, but by another forger (as mentioned in the foreword of his catalogue).

 

Colombe (Bolivar) N

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1863 - Armes dans un cadre de très petite dimension:
1 1863 10 centavos, vert............................................................................................................................... Fr. 3.--

Since these Colombia forgeries are marked "N", they were not made by Oneglia, but by another forger (as mentioned in the foreword of his catalogue).

 

Chypre. *

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1880 - Timbres de la Grande Bretagne, vrais, avec << Chyprus >> imité en surcharge:
1 1880 1/2 pence, rouge carmin............................................................................................................................... Fr. -.50
2   1 penny, rouge Fr. -.20
3   2 1/2 penny, carmin Fr. -.20
4   6 pence, gris Fr. 2.--
5   1 shilling, vert Fr. 3.--
6   4 pence, vert-pâle Fr. 6.--
La surcharge pour les 1/2 et 6 p. il est était faite plus petite, comme les vraies.

 

Colonies Françaises. *

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1877 - Group allegorique non dentele:

1 1877 1 cent., vert..................................................................................................................................... Fr. -.30
2   2 cent., vert Fr. -.10
3   4 cent., vert sur vert Fr. -.40
5   10 cent., vert sur vert Fr. -.05
6   15 cent., gris claire Fr. 1.50
7   15 cent., gris foncé Fr. 1.50
8   20 cent., brun rouge Fr. -.05
9   25 cent., bleu Fr. -.10
10   30 cent., brun Fr. -.30
11   35 cent., noir sur jaune Fr. -.50
12   40 cent., vermilon Fr. -.20
13   75 cent., carmin Fr. 1.--
14   1 franc, vert bronze Fr. -.20
    1878-80 La série de 14 Timbres Fr. 6.--

15   25 cent., noir sur rouge Fr. 3.--
1881 Déesse assise dentelés:



16 1881 1 cent., noir sur bleu Fr. -.05
17   2 cent., brun Fr. -.05
18   4 cent., violet brun Fr. -.05
19   5 cent., vert Fr. -.05
20   10 cent., noir sur violet Fr. -.05
21   15 cent., bleu Fr. -.05
22   20 cent., rouge sur vert Fr. -.05
23   25 cent., bistre Fr. -.05
24   25 cent., noir sur rose Fr. -.05
25   30 cent., brun Fr. -.20
26   35 cent., noir sur jaune Fr. -.30
37   40 cent., vermillon Fr. -.20
38   75 cent., carmin Fr. -.20
39   1 franc, olive Fr. -.20
    La série de 14 Timbres Fr. -.80
Timbres-taxe.
1884 - Chiffres dans une banderolle non dentelées:

All with the same "NOUVELLE CALEDONIE 2E/26 FEVR 92" and a triangle cancel.


Note the "FRANC" instead of "FRANCS" in the 5 F value

30 1884 1 cent., noir Fr. -.05
31   2 cent., noir Fr. -.05
32   3 cent., noir Fr. -.05
33   4 cent., noir Fr. -.05
34   5 cent., noir Fr. -.05
35   10 cent., noir Fr. -.05
36   15 cent., noir Fr. -.05
37   20 cent., noir Fr. -.10
38   30 cent., noir Fr. -.05
39   40 cent., noir Fr. -.10
40   60 cent., noir Fr. -.20
41   1 franc, noir Fr. -.50
42   2 franc, noir Fr. -.80
43   5 franc, noir Fr. 1.50
    La série de 14 Taxe Fr. 2.50
1872 - Colonies Françaises:
44 1872 15 cent., bistre Fr. -.50
45   10 cent., bistre sur rose (g. e.) Fr. -.50
47 1877 15 cent., gris Fr. 1.50
48   75 cent., carmin Fr. 1.--
1884 - Les meme du 1884.
TAXE.
49 1884 1-2 et 5 fr. brun rouge Fr. 1.50


These stamps seem to have been printed in at least a pair of two. Here with "??IERRE 1E/6 MIQUE??" and "LIBREVILLE CONGO FRANCAIS 1E/15 DEC ??" cancel.


Here with "DIEGO SUAREZ 2E/18 JANV 92" cancel. Also "HELLE VILLE 1E/17 SEPT ?? NOSSI BE" cancel.

 

 

Chili (Taxe). N

Number Year Description Price in Fr.


Mercier/Fournier forgery, possibly the same forgery that Oneglia offered?

1 1895 rouge sur jaune foncé 20-40-50-60-80 cent., 1 peso........................................................................ Fr. 6.--
2 1897 carmin vif sur jaune pâle 20-40-50 60-80-100 cent Fr. 6.--

Since these Chile forgeries are marked "N", they were not made by Oneglia, but by another forger (as mentioned in the foreword of his catalogue).
In an article in Chile Filatelico Ano XX, No 76, Santiago June 1947, page 60-63, the forgeries of the postage due stamps of Chile are described and attributed to the stamp forger Mercier. They appeared in or before 1899. Upon careful studying this article, it turns out that these are the same forgeries that also appear in the Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries (for both cases in whole sheets).
Since I am not aware of any other forgeries of the postage due stamps of Chile and since Oneglia got them from another forger, it might be reasonable to assume that Oneglia offered these Mercier forgeries here (further proof is that the same high values were offered by Fournier and by Oneglia, while the lower values were exluded in both lists). However, I have no solid proof for this assumption (yet). The forgeries of Monaco were apparently also first made by Mercier and the Oneglia forgeries of Brazil turn out to be the same ones that are sometimes attributed to Mercier as well.

 

Cachemire. N

Number Year Description Price in Fr.

Highly dubious cancel!
This 'star' cancel and the bars with "G" were sometimes used by Oneglia.

1 1866 Série de 15 pièces ........................................................................................................................... Fr. 12.--
2 1867 Série de 4 pièces Fr. 3.--
3 1878 Série de 14 pièces Fr. 15.--

Since these Jammu and Cashmir forgeries are marked "N", they were not made by Oneglia, but by another forger (as mentioned in the foreword of his catalogue). The presence of the 'star' cancel and the bars with "G" cancel makes it highly likely that these stamps are actually Oneglia forgeries.

 

Corrientes. N

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
  1860 Effigie de la Liberté, série de 6 timbres ............................................................................................. Fr. 1.--

Since these Corrientes forgeries are marked "N", they were not made by Oneglia, but by another forger (as mentioned in the foreword of his catalogue).

 

Congo-Belge. *

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1 1886 5 fr.,violet, effigie à gauche............................................................................................................... Fr. 1.--
2 1887 50 cent., brun, effigie à droite Fr. -.20
3   5 fr., violet, effigie à droite Fr. -.70
4   10 fr., jaune brun, effigie à droite Fr. 1.--
5 1892 5 fr., gris effigie à droite Fr. -.50
6 1894 50 cent., gris, effigie à droite Fr. -.50
    Timbres de 5 francs de 1886-87 surcharge avec Colis Postaux Fr. 3.50
7 1887 3,50 francs, noir, sur 5 francs, violet (type 1886) Fr. 1.--
8   Idem (type 1887) Fr. 1.--
Timbres de 1887; avec même surcharge plus petit, encadré.
9 1889 3,50 fr., bleu, sur 5 fr., violet Fr. 1.--
10   3,50 fr., noir, sur 4 fr., violet (this should have been 5 fr) Fr. -.50
11 1892 3,50 fr., noir, sur 5 fr., gris Fr. -.50
12 1885 dent. 14 au lieu de 15. 5 fr., lilas Fr. 8.--

The 1886 5 Franc Belgian Congo forgeries have a strange beard and the lettering different. They (always?) have a "MATADI 28 JUIL 7 M 1887" in a single circle cancel.
I believe these are Oneglia forgeries for the following reasons:
1) The perforation is very badly done (as in other Ongelia forgeries)
2) I've seen it offered in a batch with many other Oneglia forgeries.

 

Congo Français. *

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1891 - Timbres des Colonies Françaises de 1881 avec Congo Français et valeur en surcharges:
1 1891 5 cent., sur 1 noir sur bleu ............................................................................................................... Fr. -.30
2   5 cent., sur 15 bleu Fr. -.40
3   5 cent., sur 20 brique sur vert Fr. 1.--
4   5 cent., sur 25 noir sur rose Fr. -.20
Variétés.
5   5 cent., sur 15 bleu (double sur.) Fr. 1.--
6   5 cent., sur 1 noir sur bleu (s. rouge; c. éloigné du 5) Fr. 2.--
Surcharge renversé.
7   5 cent., sur 25 noir sur rose Fr. -.80
8   10 cent., sur 25 noir sur rose Fr. -.80
9   15 cent., sur 25 noir sur rose Fr. -.80

I presume the French Colonies forgeries (some are shown below) were used for these overprints (and most likely the cancel "LIBREVILLE 1E/15 DEC CONGO FRANCAIS" as well?). However, I have not been able to find such a forgery yet.


Here some French Colonies forgeries 1881 issue with cancel "LIBREVILLE 1E/15 DEC ?? CONGO FRANCAIS"


Here some pairs of the French Colonies forgeries 1877 issue with "LIBREVILLE CONGO FRANCAIS 1E/15 DEC ??" cancel.

 

Cuba. N

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1 1873 12 1/2 cent., vert.............................................................................................................................. Fr. -.50
2   50 cent., brun foncé Fr. -.10
3   1 peso., brun foncé Fr. -.80
4 1875 12 1/2 cent., lilas Fr. -.40
5   1 peso., brun Fr. 1.--
6 1898 80 cent., brun-lilas Fr. 1.--
7   1 peso., vert jaune Fr. 1.50
8   2 peso., bleu Fr. 2.--

Since these Cuba forgeries are marked "N", they were not made by Oneglia, but by another forger (as mentioned in the foreword of his catalogue).

 

Cochinchine. *

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
Taxe 1894:
1 1894 5 cent.,noir ...................................................................................................................................... Fr. -.40
2   10 cent.,noir Fr. -.40
3   15 cent.,noir t Fr. 1.50
4   20 cent.,noir Fr. 1.--
5   20 cent.,noir (this should probably have been 30 cent.) Fr. 1.--
6   40 cent.,noir Fr. 1.--
7   60 cent.,noir Fr. 1.50
8   1 fr., brun Fr. 2..--
9   2 fr., brun Fr. 2.50
10   5 fr., brun Fr. 3.--
    Série de 10 pieces Fr. 12.--

These Cochinchine stamps are bogus stamps, first introduced by Georges Carion in 1895. I've seen two different kinds of these Cochinchine overprints. I do not know which one (or perhaps even yet another version) was offered here.

 

Côtes des Somalis. N
Djibouti.

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1894-1900:
1 1894-1900 1 fr., olive et noir.................................................................................................................... Fr. -.60
2   25 fr., rose et bleu Fr. 2.50

Since these Somali Coast forgeries are marked "N", they were not made by Oneglia, but by another forger (as mentioned in the foreword of his catalogue).

 

Crète. *
Bureau Russe de RETHYMNO.

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1 1899 Série de 5 pièces.................................................................................................................... Fr. 5.--
2 1899 Série de 18 pièces, sans étoile Fr. 5.--
3 1899 Série de 12 pièces, sans étoile Fr. 2.50

 

Côtes du Niger. *
Oil Rivers

Number Year Description Price in Fr.
1892 - Timbres de Grande Bretagne, vrais, en cours, avec en surcharge
imitations << British Protectorate Oil Rivers >> :
1 1892 1/2 penny, rouge............................................................................................................................... Fr. 0.40
2   1 penny, lilas Fr. 0.20
3   2 pence, vert et rouge Fr. 0.50
4   2 1/2 pence, violet sur bleu Fr. 0.30
5   5 pence, violet et bleu Fr. 1.--
6   1 shilling, vert Fr. 1.--

1894 - Id. T. P. du 1892 avec valeur en surcharge

Forgery!
This would be the kind of (crude) overprint that Oneglia would have used.
7 1894 Half penny sur 2 p. (sur. violet) Fr. 2.50
8   Half penny sur 2 1/2 p. (sur. vert) Fr. 1.25
9   Half penny sur 2 1/2 p. (sur. vermeil) Fr. 1.25
10   Half penny sur 2 1/2 p. (sur. bleu) Fr. 2.50
11   Half penny sur 2 1/2 p. (sur. noir) Fr. 4.--
 
12   Half penny différent: 2 p. (sur violet) Fr. 2.50
13   Half penny différent: 2 1/2 p. (sur vermeil) Fr. 1.25
14   Half penny différent: 2 1/2 p. (sur bleu) Fr. 2.50
15   Half penny différent: 2 1/2 p. (sur vert) Fr. 1.50
16   Half penny différent: 2 1/2 p. (sur violet) Fr. 2.50
 
17   Half penny différent: 2 p. (sur violet) Fr. 3.--
18   Half penny différent: 2 p. (sur bleu) Fr. 4.--
19   Half penny différent: 2 1/2 p. (sur vermeil) Fr. 5.--
20   Half penny différent: 2 1/2 p. (sur bleu) Fr. 3.50
21   Half penny différent: 2 1/2 p. (sur vert) Fr. 2.50
22   Half penny différent: 2 1/2 p. (sur violet) Fr. 4.--
 
23   One shilling sur 2 p. (sur. violet) Fr. 3.75
24   One shilling sur 2 p. (sur. vermeil) Fr. 5.--
25   One shilling sur 2 p. (sur. noir) Fr. 6.--

 

Cap Vert.

Number Year Description Price in Fr.


Taxe 1894:
1 1877-81 Série de 9 pieces.......................................................................................................................... Fr. 2.--

The above cancelled forgeries appear to have the bar "1" cancel, which was often used by Oneglia. These forgeries did not appear yet in his 1898 and 1899 pricelists.


Here Cape Verde Oneglia forgeries with "GUINE" overprint. They are also known as so-called Brazilian forgeries, they have a dot at the right hand side of the "E" of "CORREIO". They have the Oneglia bar "G" cancels.

By the way, a different forgery type is listed as Oneglia forgery in the book 'Forgeries of Portugal and Colonies by D.J. Davies, 2002', Published by the Portuguese Philatelic Society: there a forgery Type 2 is said to be an Oneglia forgery. Yet it does not have an Oneglia cancel, while a forgery Type 5 actually appears to resemble the above forgeries. The fact that the bars with "1" cancel appears on the Cabo Verde forgeries and the bars with "G" on the Portugues Guinea ones appears proof enough to me that these are actually Oneglia forgeries.


Copied from 'Forgeries of Portugal and Colonies by D.J. Davies, 2002'. Forgery Type 5 here appears to have a bars with "1" cancel.

 

Oneglia forgeries, 1906 catalogue, "Datia" to "Fidji"


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer