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HAMBURG, 'Boten' isues, part 2
H.Scheerenbeck, Ch.Van Diemen

(Including bogus issue of the Marz-Verein Hamburg)

Return To Catalogue - Part 1: C.Hamer, W.Krantz and Th.Lafrenz - Hamburg, other private issues - Hamburg

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Hamburg is a Free City of the Hansa in the north of Germany. Besides the official issues for Hamburg there also exists numerous local issues.

The so called 'Hamburger Boten' institute issues:

Issued by C.Hamer, H. Scheerenbeck, W. Krantz, Th. Lafrentz and Ch. van Diemen. Most of these stamps were only issued for stamp collectors. Forgeries have been made in large quantities of these stamps, I am not sure if the stamps shown here are genuine. Probably most of them are forgeries!


H. Scheerenbeck

1862 Messenger, inscription 'INSTITUT HAMBURGER BOTEN H.SCHEERENBECK'


(Reprint)

  (1 Sch) black on coloured paper

These stamps were reprinted and six kinds of forgeries exist.

Genuine stamps have two six-rayed stars; one before and one after the word 'HAMBURGER'. The messenger carries a letter, this letter points towards the 'S' of 'SCHEERENBECK'. There is a small line in the bottom of the 'B' of 'BOTEN'.

Reprints


(Reprints)

Reprints resemble the original stamps, with very minor modifications. Reprints exist in three types:
a) There is a line through the 'OT' of 'BOTEN'
b) As in a), but an additional line goes from the 'H' of 'HAMBURGER' to the first 'E' of 'SCHEERENBECK'
c) As in b), but with an additional line towards the center through the 'U' of 'HAMBURGER'.

First forgery made by Spiro

"Postman" black on lilac

This forgery does not have the two stars before and after the word 'HAMBURGER'. from the genuine stamp. Instead, only a hyphen can be found behind the word 'HAMBURGER'. The hand of the messenger does not cary any letter (it should in the genuine stamps). I've seen the Spiro forgeries in the colours: black, black on grey, black on yellow (shades), black on green (shades), black on blue, black on lilac and black on violet (shades). As with most Spiro products, they were printed in sheets of 25 (5x5).


(Reduced size)

The above forgery resembles the Spiro forgery, could this been made from a used plate? The hyphen is reduced to a dot.

Second forgery

This forgery has a misshapen 'S' in 'INSTITUT', it resembles more an '8'. The letter of the carrier is pointed too low (it should point towards the 'S' of 'SCHEERENBECK'). I have seen the following colours: black on yellow (shades), black on blue (shades), black on grey, black on brown, black on green and black on lilac. Some 'errors' seem to exist: printed on the wrong side of the stamp (gumside) and inverted stamps (mirror image).

Third forgery


(reduced size)

This forgery has a very thick left leg of the 'U' of 'HAMBURGER'. The oval is more pointed below the 'B' of 'HAMBURGER'. I have seen the following colours: black on grey (shades), black on green and black on yellow.

Fourth forgery


(Reduced sizes)

This forgery was only printed in colours (not in black as the genuine!) or colour on colour (see pictures above).

Sixth forgery made by Scott


(Reduced sizes)

This forgery has large six-rayed stars in front and behind 'HAMBURGER'. The 'M' of 'HAMBURGER' is very peculiar. The 'O' in 'BOTEN' is squarish. One foot of the messenger has a strange bottom part. These forgeries were printed in black on colour, but also in colour on white paper.

 

1862 Value, inscription 'G. VEREINIGTE CORPORATIONEN INSTITUT HAMBURGER BOTEN H. SCHEERENBECK'


(Two types of the genuine stamps, reduced sizes)

  1/2 Sch black on coloured paper
  1 Sch black on coloured paper

Both values exist in two types (having minor differences), the two types exists printed together on one sheet. I have seen the colours black on yellow, black on grey, black on green and black on blue. These stamps were also reprinted and five(?) kinds of forgeries exist.

Characteristics of the genuine stamps: There is a dot behind the '1/2' (in the 1/2 Sch) or '1' (in the 1 Sch). This dot is situated next to the letters 'OT' of 'BOTEN' and not next to the 'TE' or 'EN'. All stamps issued in colour on white paper are forgeries. There is a small rather crude cross before the word 'CORPORATIONEN'.

Reprints

Reprints exist, they show many signs of worn out printing stones.

First forgery (made by Spiro)


(Reduced size)

In the forgeries made by Spiro, there is a dot behind the word 'CORPORATIONEN' (not present in the genuine stamps). There should be a cross in front of this word, which is absent in the Spiro forgeries. The 1/2 Sch value does not have a dot behind the '1/2'.

Second forgery made by Scott (the same one from the catalogue!)


(1/2 Sch reduced sizes)

1/2 Sch:
The oval is pointed at the top. The dot behind the '1/2' is placed on the same level as the 'E' of 'BOTEN' (should be the 'O' of this word).

1 Sch:
The inscription reads 'CORPORATIONER' with a final 'R' instead of a 'N'. There is nothing in front of the word 'HAMBURGER'.

I have seen both values in the non-existing colour red.

Third forgery

The 'N' of 'BOTEN' is placed more over the 'B' of 'BECK' in this forgery, in the genuine stamps the 'N' is placed between the 'N' and 'B' of 'SCHEERENBECK'. The second 'I' of 'INSTITUT' is very close to the following 'T'. The dot behind the figure of value is placed next to the 'TE' of 'BOTEN' while it is placed next to the 'OT' of this word in the genuine stamps.

Fourth forgery


(Reduced sizes)

These forgeries are very clearly printed. I have seen both values in the colours black on lilac, black on yellow, black on green, black on blue, black on grey and black on brown. The cross in front of 'CORPORATIONEN' consists of four seperate 'balls'. The 'H' in front of 'SCHEERENBECK' is very narrow. The 'O's of the word 'CORPORATIONEN' are too round.

 

1862 'Tower' or 'Castle' type, large sized stamps, inscription 'Jnstitut hamburger Boten H.Scheerenbeck'


(Genuine stamps, last one with 'n' in 'Institnt')

  (1 Sch) black on coloured paper

Misprints exist with the 'u' of 'Institut' inverted becoming 'Institnt'. I have seen the colours black on yellow, black on orange, black on green, black on blue and black on lilac (violet). Specialist distinghuish between first and second printings (with a retouched 'u' of 'Institut' where the erroneous 'n' used to be).

Reprints of these stamps exist, aswell as eight different kinds of forgeries. I've only managed to get information on seven of them.

In the genuine stamps, one of the 39 points forming the central ellipse touches the 'b' of 'Scheerenbeck'. The stars should have 8 rays. The word 'Boten' does NOT have a stop behind it. The 't' of this word has a straight foot. The word 'Jnstitut' is written with a 'J'.

Official reprint-forgery made by Krantz


(Reprint-forgery made by Krantz, reduced size)

When Krantz took over the Boten institute, he wanted to make reprints to sell them to interested stamp collectors. However, the original stones were destroyed, thus he decided to make new ones. The official reprint-forgeries differ considerably in design from the genuine stamps.

They can be recognized by the fact that they have 48 long uneven points in the central oval (instead of 39). The stars are 8-rayed as in the genuine, but their shape is quite different. The lettering is also differnt from the genuine stamps.

Due to heavy printing of the stones, several sub-types can be distinghuished:
a) A scratch joins the 'c' and 'h' of 'Scheerenbeck'.
b) As in a), but with additional stroke through the 'u' of 'Hamburger', also with several scratches around this letter.
c) As in b), but with additional scratch joining the 'J' of 'Jnstitut' to the dot below it.

Second forgery made by Spiro

"Castle" black on lilac


(Reduced sizes)

In these Spiro forgeries, there are only 38 points in the central ellipse (should be 39). There are two very thick six-rayed stars at both side (should be eight-rayed). I have seen the following colours of these forgeries: black on yellow (shades), black on lilac (shades), black on green, black on blue, black on violet (shades) and black on grey.

Third forgery, made by Scott


(Scott forgery, sorry, only upper part of stamp available)


(Scott forgeries, reduced sizes)

In this forgery made by Scott, no circular windows exist in the main tower. The rays forming the central circle are very sharp. There are 42 of these rays (there should be 39 only). The star on the right hand side is very 'squeezed'. I have seen these forgeries in the colours: black on blue, black on lilac, black on yellow, black on grey, black on brown and the bogus colours: blue and brown.

Fourth forgery

(Sorry, no picture available yet)

This forgery has the inscription'Institut', the genuine stamps have inscription 'Jnstitut' with a 'J'. The stars have six rays instead of eight.

Fifth forgery


(Reduced size)

In this forgery the inscription 'Institut Hamburger Boten' is placed too high. I have seen this forgery in the colours: black on lilac, black on yellow, black on blue, black on grey, black on brown and black on green.

Sixth forgery


(Reduced sizes)

This forgery has the inscription 'H. Scheerer.beck'. There are 44 points in the central ellipse (instead of 39 as in the genuine). This is the only forgery I have seen with a cancel consisting of concentric circles. I have seen this forgery in the colours: black on grey, black on yellow (shades), black on lilac and black on blue.

Seventh forgery


(Picture taken from a photocopy, original colour: black on light blue)

This seems to be a more modern American forgery. There are two six-pointed stars in this forgery. These points are very sharp. The foreground in front of the tower should have horizontal and vertical lines, however, this forgery only has horizontal lines. There is a stop behind 'Boten' (not present in the genuine stamps).

 


Ch. van Diemen

The stamps of Charles Van Diemen are not strictly spoken a 'Boten' issue. But since they were issued in the same period they are generally listed together with them. As with the 'Boten' issues, they were mainly issued for stamp collectors. Many forgeries exist.

1864 Value, inscription 'CHARLES VAN DIEMEN Brief, Packet & Guter - Expedition HAMBURG', perforated


(Could be genuine)


(Genuine stamps, reduced sizes)

  1 gr. lilac and black
  2 gr. yellow and black
  3 gr. red and black
  4 gr. green and black
  6 gr. blue and black
  8 gr. red and black

ATTENTION: many forgeries exist of this issue (6 forgeries and 2 bogus issues)! The stamps were used in 1863-1864. Many genuine stamps had a security overprint with 'Ch. v. D.' and a '1' below the 'v' surrounded by dots (this overprint has also been forged by the way). The cancellation consists of a circle of 16 mm diameter without any text. The original stamps are very rare and most of the stamps found in collections are forgeries. Reprints exist of the values '6' and '8'.

The originals can be recognized as follows: The 'H' of 'HAMBURG' is open at the bottom. The 'B' is small, with a very small upper part. There is a dot behind 'HAMBURG' quite far away from the 'G'. The 'S' of 'CHARLES' is normal. Between 'Brief' and 'Packet' there is a ','. The perforation is 11 1/2 (very roughly perforated). The 't' of 'Packet' is situated on top of the first 'i' of 'Expedition'. The first 'i' of 'Expedition' is nearer to the 't' than to the 'd'. There is a stop behind the word 'Expedition'. The '&' is situated more over the 'x' than over the 'p' of the word 'Expedition'.

Reprints


Reprints, inscription too large


(Reprints, reduced sizes)

Reprints were only made of the values '6' and '8'. There are some differences with the original stamps. The '-' between 'Guter' and 'Expedition' is longer in the reprints. The inscription 'CHARLES VAN DIEMEN' is larger, especially the word 'VAN'.

First Forgery made by Spiro

1 gr lilac and black, forgery 6 p blue and black, forgery
(Forgeries)


(Reduced sizes)

This particulary forgery is the most common and can be recognized by the 'S', of 'CHARLES', which is too large at the top. There is no stop behind the word 'Expedition'. The center of the 'M' of 'HAMBURG' is not reaching far enough to the bottom. The 't' of 'Packet' is placed on top of the 'it' of 'Expedition'. These forgeries are usually perforated 13 (but I have also seen imperforate Spiro forgeries). I have seen several Spiro forgeries with a circular overprint with no text (probably trying to imitate the security overprint). I have seen a 'misprint' of the value '3' with 'Expeditor' (an 'r' at the end).

A very similar set of forgeries exists, but with no comma behind the word 'Brief' with neat perforation 12. All other characteristics are similar to the Spiro forgeries. I don't know if Spiro or someone else made this forgery.

Second forgery


(Reduced sizes)

In this forgery, there is a '-' instead of a ',' after the word 'Brief'. The dot after the word 'HAMBURG' is very near to the 'G'. The 't' of 'Packet' is placed on top of the second 'i' of 'Expedition'. The control mark seems to have been printed with the stamps, always at the same location. The '&' is placed too far to the right, above the second 'e' of 'Expedition'. I have seen all values, except '1' of this particular forgery.

Third forgery


(Reduced sizes)

There is a small '-' instead of a ',' after the word 'Brief' in this forgery. The 't' of 'Packet' is placed on top of the 'p' of 'Expedition'. The '&' is placed on top of the 'p' of this word and the 'B' of 'Brief' is placed on top of the 't' of 'Guter'. I have only seen the values '1' and '3' of this particular forgery, both with control mark.

Fourth forgery


(Reduced size)

Again a '-' can be found behind the word 'Brief' instead of a ','. The 'S' of 'CHARLES' is too big. The 't' of 'Packet' is placed on top of the second 'i' of 'Expedition'. There is a dot behind the word 'DIEMEN'. The '&' is missing altogether. I have only seen the value '8' with control mark

Fifth forgery


(Reduced size)

Again a '-' can be found behind the word 'Brief' instead of a ','. The 'P' of 'Packet' is placed above 'xp' of 'Expedition'. The 't' of 'Packet' is placed above the 'ti' of this word and the '&' above the 'pe' of this word. I have only seen the value '6' of this forgery with control mark.

Sixth forgery


(Reduced size)

A small '-' instead of a ',' is placed behind the word 'Brief' in this forgery. The '&' is placed under the 'P' of 'Packet' and above the 'pe' of 'Expedition'. The 't' of 'Packet' is placed above the 'ti' of 'Expedition'. I have only seen the value '2' (with control mark).

Seventh forgery


(Reduced size)

Again a '-' behind the word 'Brief' instead of a ','. The '&' is placed below 'ac' of 'Packet' and on top of the 'p' of 'Expedition'. The 't' of 'Packet' is placed above the 't' of 'Expedition'. The corner figures seem to be smaller in the one value ('1') with control mark that I have seen.

Eight forgery


(Reduced sizes)

These forgeries are imperforate and often cancelled with parallel lines (but they also exist uncancelled). They have small corner figures. There is no '-' behind 'Guter' and no stop behind 'HAMBURG'. The 'P' of 'Packet' is placed on top of the '&'. The '&' is placed on top of the 'xp' of 'Expedition'. The background shading in front and behind 'CHARLES VAN DIEMEN' is omitted.

Ninth forgery


(Reduced size)

The words 'CHARLES VAN DIEMEN' are written very small in this forgery. The 'P' of 'Packet' is placed on top of the '&' which in turn is placed on top of the 'x' of 'Expedition'. There is a dot behind 'HAMBURG' which is placed quite close to the 'G'. There is a small '-' instead of a ',' behind the word 'Brief'. This forgery only seems to exist in the value '8'. The only forgery I have seen has a cancel and control mark.

Tenth forgery


(Reduced size)

The centre of the 'M' of 'HAMBURG' is placed too far to the left in this forgery. The 't' of 'Packet' is placed on top of the 't' of 'Expedition'. Ther is a small '-' placed very close to the word 'Brief'. The '&' is placed below the 'Pa' of 'Packet' and above the 'xp' of 'Expedition'. I have only seen the value '4' imperforate or perforated with a control mark.

Eleventh forgery


(Reduced size)

The words 'CHARLES VAN DIEMEN' are printed in a different style. The dot after 'HAMBURG' is placed very high. THe '&' is placed below the left of the 'P' of 'Packet'. I have only seen the value '8' (with control mark).

Twelfth forgery


(Reduced size)

The words 'CHARLES VAN DIEMEN' are printed in a different style (too squarish). The 'M' of 'HAMBURG' has its central lower point too far to the right. The 'E' of 'Expedition' is situated under the 'i' of 'Brief'. The 't' of 'Packet is situated above the second 'i' of 'Expedition'. I have only seen the value '8' (with control mark).

Thirteenth forgery


(Reduced size)

In this forgery the name 'CHARLES VAN DIEMEN' is written quite small. The 'B' of 'Brief' is placed on top of the 't' of 'Guter'. There is a very small dot behind the word 'HAMBURG'. The words 'Guter' and 'Expedition' are placed very close together. I have only seen the value '8' (with control mark).

Fourteenth forgery (bogus colours)

The following stamps are phantasy stamps with the text in the same colour as the background:

No black inscription!
(Reduced sizes)

I have seen the following colours: brown, red, violet, yellow, blue, black and green (all in the value '1').

 


Bogus issue 'MARZ-VEREIN VON 1863 HAMBURG'


(Marz-Verein von 1863 Hamburg, reduced sizes)

I have seen many colours of this 'stamp': red on yellow, black on violet, red, black on blue, black on green, green, black on red, black etc. I've been told that these are bogus issues made by Taylor.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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