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BERGEDORF

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One of the German States. This German city was conquered by Hamburg and Lubeck in 1420. They governed it together until 1867, when it became the property of Hamburg.
5 stamps were issued in 1861, all with different sizes, showing the arms of Hamburg and Lubeck (divided in two halves). The letters LHPA stand for Lubeck Hamburg Post Amt. In 1868 the stamps of Bergedorf were no longer valid, the stamps of the North German Federation were used.

1861, Arms of Lubeck and Hamburg, imperforated, the size of the stamp increases with increasing value

Genuine, image obtained from Bill Claghorn Genuine, image obtained from Bill Claghorn Genuine, image obtained from Bill Claghorn Genuine, image obtained from Bill Claghorn

Genuine stamps?

  1/2 Schilling black on blue
  1 Schilling black on white
  1 1/2 Schilling black on yellow
  3 Schillinge blue on red
  4 Schillinge black on brown

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1/2 s***RRR 
1 s***RR 
1 1/2 s*RRR 
3 s**RRR 
4 s**RRR 
All reprintsvc  


(I've been told that these tete-beche stamps of the 1 1/2 s value are genuine)

Cancels, example:


(Genuine stamp with genuine typical cancel)

Non issued stamps:

Non issued stamp Non issued stamp

The stamps 1/2 Schilling black on lilac and 3 Schillinge black on red were printed but came never into use (see pictures above).

 

Reprints:


Reprints of Bergedorf

ATTENTION: most of the stamps of Bergedorf found today are reprints (though forgeries also exist). Mr. Moens of Brussels obtained the lithographic stones of Bergedorf and made reprints in 1872, 1874, 1887 and 1888 (according to: 'Philatelic forgers, their lives and works' by V.E. Tyler). He gave the printing stones of the Bergedorf stamps to the Berlin Postal Museum (Reichpostmuseum) in 1894 (source: http://www.berliner-philatelisten-klub-1888.de/hist.htm).

 

Distinguishing characteristics of reprints:

'The Forged Stamps of all Countries' by J.Dorn says that the reprints have many broken lines in the wavy background pattern and the crossbars of the 'A' and 'H' partially or completely missing. The following distinguishing characteristics are given by my 1925 Scott catalogue and 'Distinghuishing Characteristics of Classic Stamps, Old German States' by Herman Schloss; concerning these reprints:

1/2 Schilling


(Reprint)


The reprints of the 1/2 Sch has the upper part of the shield blank. The upper part of the right side of the 'N' of 'EIN' has a dot. The horizontal bar in 'H' of 'HALBER' is mostly defective.

1 Schilling


(reprint, enlarged size, note the thick '1's in the corners)


An incomplete horizontal bar in the 'A' of 'POSTMARKE'. The '1' in the corners generally has a foot. There is a black line between the horizontal central bar of the 'E' of 'EIN' and the vertical bar of this letter. Generally, the horizontal bar of 'H' of 'SCHILLING' has two black lines seperating it from the vertical bars. A second reprint was made with very thick and smeared '1's in the corners.

1 1/2 Schilling


(Even tete-beche stamps were reprinted)

The reprints of the 1 1/2 Sch were made from essays, rather than from the postage stamps. They always have the inscription SCHILLINGE (with final 'e'), this is an easy test. There is also a small triangle under the towers (above the 'R' of 'POSTMARKE').

3 Schillinge
The head of the eagle doesn't have any shading. A coloured dot can generally be found in the lower half of the 'S' of 'POSTMARKE'. There is a black line between the horizontal central bar of the second 'E' of 'BERGEDORF' and the vertical bar of this letter.

4 Schillinge


(Reprint)


The upper part of the shield is not shaded, or has some very small dashes in it. Generally, there is a diagonal dash in the wavy lines at the right side of 'IE' of 'VIER'.

 

Forgeries

How to detect forgeries? In the genuine stamps there are lines in the upper part of the shield (except for the 1 Sch, which has a blank upper part of the shield). More information on forgeries can be found on Bill Claghorn's forgery site, see: http://www.geocities.com/claghorn1p/Bergedorf/Berg00.htm. The genuine stamps should have a perfect pattern of intertwining circles around the central design.

1/2 Sch. black on blue

The genuine 1/2 Sch. stamps can be recognized with:

1. The 'R' of 'HALBER' is broad and flat-topped.
2. The N of EIN does not contain a large dot in its upper right extremity and the letter is composed of three thick lines.
3. The left tower of the castle is bisected vertically.
4. The cross-bars of all letters A, F and H are intact (or very nearly so)
5. The paper is blue (there exists a Sperati forgery on white paper, with the 4 above mentioned characteristics).

4 Sch

The genuine 4 Sch has (information obtained from Bill Claghorn's forgery site and 'Distinghuishing Characteristics of Classic Stamps, Old German States' by Herman Schloss):

1. A dot in the middle of the 'E' of 'POSTMARKE'
2. There is also a dot below the 'P' of 'POSTMARKE' (below the frameline)
3. The shading on the griffin's head is equally done

The above forgeries of the 1/2 sch, 1 sch and 1 1/2 sch have the circular pattern very irregular.


Another forgery of the 1/2 s

I have my strong doubts about the above tete-beche stamps, could these be forgeries?

Forgery?
(Forgery)

In the above stamp, the '3's are much larger than in the genuine stamps. The circular chain pattern is also very irregular.

Forgery, image obtained from Bill Claghorn
(Forgeries of the 4 Sch)

In the two forgeries above of the 4 s, the chain pattern has not as many chains as the genuine stamp. Note that the round window in the lower part of the tower seems to be absent.

chain pattern irregular

In the above forgeries of the 4 s value, the chain pattern is very irregular (a similar forgery can be found on Bill Claghorn's forgery site).

I know that the forger Julius Goldner (Hamburg, Germany) made forgeries of the Bergedorf stamps (see 'Philatelic Forgers, their Lives and Works' by Varro E. Tyler). I have no further information.


Local issues for Bergedorf

1887 Triangular stamp

2 p red and green

  2 p red and green

Exists perforated or imperforate.

1887 Various designs, animals, inscription 'BERGEDORF LOCAL VERKEHR'

2 p brown

  2 p brown ('Fischotter')
  3 p orange (squirl)
  5 p black (dog, 'Jagdhund')
  10 p green (birds)
  15 p brown (rabbits)

All these stamps exist perforated or imperforate.

Cancels:


(Reduced sizes)

Proofs on cardboard:


(Reduced sizes)


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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