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Preview of Stamps Catalogue: VOLUME 1

GERMANY 1872-1874

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1872 Embossed eagle ('Brustschild Marken'), inscription 'DEUTSCHE REICHS-POST', 2 types exist, with large embossed shield on the eagle and with small embossed shield

Value in 'groschen'

1/4 g lilac 'small eagle' 1/4 g lilac, 'large eagle' 1/3 gr green 1/2 g orange 1/2 g red, large eagle 1/3 g green, large eagle 1 g red 2 g blue 5 gr brown, small eagle

  1/4 g lilac
  1/3 g green
  1/2 g red
  1/2 g orange
  1 g red
  2 g blue
  2 1/2 g brown
  5 g brown

Value in 'Kreuzer'

1 k green, 'small eagle' 1 k green, large eagle 2 k orange, small eagle 2 k red, large eagle 3 k red, 'small eagle' 3 k red, 'large eagle' 7 k blue "Small embossed eagle" 7 k blue "Large eagle" 9 k brown

  1 k green
  2 k red
  2 k orange
  3 k red
  7 k blue
  9 k brown
  18 k brown


'9' on 9 k brown "9" on 9 k brown

  '2 1/2' on 2 1/2 g brown
  '9' on 9 k brown

The 'groschen' values were used in Northern Germany, the 'Kreuzer' values in Southern Germany due to the different currencies used there. It was only in 1875 that a single currency, the Mark, was issued in the whole of Germany.

(Left: zoom-in of the small shield; right: zoom-in of the large shield)

The stamps first appeared with a small shield, but was deemed an inappropriate representation of the German eagle and was thus replaced with the large shield. These stamps first appeared on 1 January 1872.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
Value Unused Used Remarks

'Groschen' values

1/4 g R *** small shield
1/4 g *** *** large shield
1/3 g RR *** small shield
1/3 g ** * large shield
1/2 g RR *** small shield, shades exist
1/2 g *** ** large shield
1 g RR c small shield
1 g * c large shield
2 g RR * small shield
2 g * c large shield
2 1/2 g RRR *** large shield
5 g RR *** small shield
5 g *** ** large shield

'Kreuzer' values

1 k RR *** small shield
1 k *** ** large shield
2 k *** R small shield, shades exist
2 k RR RR large shield
3 k RR * small shield
3 k ** * large shield
7 k RRR *** small shield
7 k *** *** large shield
9 k RR RR large shield
18 k RR RR small shield
18 k *** RR large shield
'2 1/2' on 2 1/2 *** *** large shield; introduced to avoid confusion with the 5 g stamp.
'9' on 9 *** R large shield; introduced to avoid confusion with the 18 k stamp.

'Imperforated stamps" with no coloured border are cuts from envelopes, examples:


(Reduced size)

Postal stationery exist of the 1/2 g red, 1/2 g brown, 1/3 g green, 1 g red, 1 k green, 2 k orange, 3 k red, 7 k blue, 9 k brown and 18 k brown values.
Genuine imperforate stamps of the 5 g large shield were used in Stettin, where a few sheets were given to the public. Other imperforate stamps exist of the values 1/2 g and 1 g.

Elbing postal forgeries

A postal forgery of the 5 g was made in Elbing, the so-called Elbinger Postfälschung. This forgery was made by a postal worker of this town and is rather deceptive. The forger made both forgeries of the small and large embossed eagle. In my opinion, the 'C' of 'REICHS' is too open.

Typical cancel, horseshoe cancel ('Hufeisenstempel'):

2 1/2 p brown, horseshoe cancel 1/2 g horseshoe cancel

(Horseshoe cancel on a postal stationery, reduced size)

Notes on the embossing:

1/4 g lilac 'small eagle' 1/4 g lilac, 'large eagle'
(Left small eagle, right large eagle, I presume both genuine)

Forged embossed eagles exist. Some small embossed eagle stamps have higher value than the large embossed eagle. The embossing is first ironed out and then a new embossing is printed in making the stamp more valuable. The inverse is true for the 2 Kr stamp, this stamp is more valuable with the large embossing than with the small embossed eagle, consequently forgeries exist with the small eagle replaced by a large one. It seems that all inverted embossings are forgeries. (Source 'Fakes & Forgeries of Germany & Colonies' by The German Philatelic Society Inc.
Stamps with inverted embossing are always forgeries! The forger Georges Fouré is known to have made forgeries of the 7 k with wrong embossing. I have no further information.

Stamp with forged embossed center, 18 k large shield

Zoom-in of forged embossed center

A 2 k stamp with forged embossing

A forged cancel on a 18 kr stamp with large embossed eagle:

A reprint made for the 'Salon der Philatelie zum XIX. Weltpostkongress Hamburg 1984', probably printed by Gehringer

Another 'reprint' exists for the 'Ausstellung <Philatelie in der DDR> auf der Philatelia Koln 89', it has this text in a minisheet together with a reprint of the 1/2 g orange stamp with additional text 'Freimarken- Ausgabe Juni/November 1872 Ministerium fur Post- und Fernmeldewesen der DDR'.


1872 Inscription 'DEUTSCHE REICHSPOST', mainly used for parcels

2 M red 10 g grey 30 g blue

  2 M red (1875)
  10 g grey
  30 g blue

30 g 'signature cancel'
(Typical cancel)

These stamps are generally cancelled with the signature of the postmaster (by order of the postal authorities). Stamps with other postmarks are erroneously applied (much more valuable, however forged cancels are quite common).

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
Value Unused Used Remarks
10 g *** ***  
30 g R R  
2 M *** * many colour shades exist

The unused remainders of the 10 g and 30 g stamps were sold to stamp dealers.


Postal stationnary of the same period (issued 1873), eagle, inscription 'DEUTSCHE REICHS-POST EIN HALBER GROSCHEN', brown:

(Reduced size)

A similar design exists for the southern territories, but then with the value in 'KREUZER': 2 k brown:


Germany 1875-1899 issues

Copyright by Evert Klaseboer