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Return To Catalogue - Prussia
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pictures can not be seen! They are of course present in the cd's;
contact me if you want to purchase them.
Georges Fouré was a German forger (not to be confused with the much more 'famous' forger Fournier). He lived in the same street as the famous engraver Schilling in Berlin and became friends with him. He then managed to obtain genuine printing plates from Schilling with which he produced 'rarities' of mainly stationary envelopes of several old German States.
The only known portrait of Foure. From Wolfgang Maassen(?) 'Georges Foure - ein Meister seines Faches' (http://www.bdph.de/kdb/index.php?id=28) . The same image can also be found in "Le Timbre-Poste' 1887 page XIV and is reproduced in 'Philatelic Forgers, their Lives ans Works' of V.E.Tyler.
His life is descirbed in 'Philatelic Forgers their Lives and Works' by V.E.Tyler.
A large number of his products are described in
P. Ohrt's book 'Handbuch der Neudrucke' (in German). For example:
A wrongly embossed 7 k blue 1872 stamp of Germany.
Apparently a Foure forgery of a non-existent 4 sgr envelope of Prussia. The distinguishing characteristics of this envelope can be found in Ohrt's reprint book.
A Foure forgery, with forged "DAHLHAUSEN" cancel. This cancel was bought by Fournier from a old-metal dealer (source P.Ohrt, Handbuch der Neudrucke, page 598).
Another Foure forged envelope, now with a "GEORG-MARIENHUTTE 10 1" cancel.
Also a book seems to exist on Foure by Reinhard Metz 'Die Geschichte eines genialen Philatelisten und Fälschers' (352 pages).
In the Permanentes Handbuch der Postfreimarkenkunde Erster Teil Deutsche Staaten, Abschnitt XIII: Preussen by Hugo Krötzsch (1896), page 26, we can read that Georges Fouré tried to sell rare misprints 3 sgr black on red of the 1850 Prussia stamps (instead of the usual black on yellow color). He also had pair of these 'misprints' which were only 'discovered' in 1881. Krotzsch quotes the stamp dealer Moens who remarks that the yellow color can easily be removed and replaced by red.
In the Philatelic Record of 1899 (page 2) the
following text can be found:
Dies of old German Stamps. At the annual meeting of German Collectors in Magdeburg we notice that Dr. Fraenkel made a speech in reply to certain enquiries, which is full of interest to Philatelists. Our readers will remember the excitement some years ago with reference to the overprint of the North German design on various envelopes of the different States. The excitement commenced on the publication of Dr. Lindenberg's book dealing with German envelopes, in which he boldly asserted that most of the very rare varieties had never existed in a genuine state, and had, in fact, been manufactured by a Philatelist, who was at that time not only well known in Berlin, but all over the world. In a long and interesting speech Dr. Fraenkel informed his hearers that the Berlin Philatelic Club had now succeeded in obtaining certain valuable dies, from a gentleman who is the son of an Official in the Berlin Government Printing Works. It appears that this young man's father resided for many years in the same house with the Philatelist (we do not know whether to call him dealer or collector), who was attacked in Dr. Lindenberg's book, and after a lapse of some time the following have now been purchased from him by the Berlin Club, viz :-
1. German Empire, Cliche of the 2 1/2 gr. stamp.
2. Ditto. Reproduction of the Provisional (I) Eagle.
3. North German Confederation, Galvano of the 1 gr. stamp.
4. Ditto. Cliche of the 2gr. stamp.
5. Ditto. Cliche of the square diamond embossing used for the over-printed envelopes.
6. Prussia, copper cliche of the 3gr. eagle.
7. Ditto, a similar cliche.
8. Ditto. Matrix of the 4pf. eagle.
9. Ditto. Patrix of the same.
10. Cliche of the 10 pf. value (eagle).
11. A similar cliche.
12. Galvano of the 4Sgr. octagon.
13. Wurtemburg, die for an envelope (worn out)
14. A die for impressing the patte of an envelope (with post rider)
15. Bolivia, Galvano of the 5c, first issue.
16. Persia, Galvano of the 4 Shahi, first issue.
17. Ditto. 8 Shahi.
What strikes us most in the above list is that amongst these German dies there should have been such things as the Bolivian and Persian. The dies after being purchased by the Club were handed over to the Berlin Post Office Museum, so that they can never again be used for an improper purpose, and we think that the thanks of all Philatelists are due to Dr. Fraenkel and his friends for their noble action in the interests of the pursuit.
Georges Fouré, Die Geschichte eines genialen Philatelisten und Fälschers by Reinhard Metz (2009).