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PORTUGUESE INDIA 1871-1885

Return To Catalogue - Portuguese India 1886-1920 - Portugal

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Currency: 1000 Reis = 1 Milreis, from 1882 on: 12 Reis = 1 Tanga, 16 Tanga = 1 Rupie


1871 Inscription 'SERVICO POSTAL INDIA PORT'

4 1/2 r olive 10 r black With small 'S' and 'R' With small 'S' and 'R' 40 r blue 15 r red, with star above value


20 r red 20 r red with star 40 r blue
(Reduced sizes)

  1 1/2 r black (1883)
  4 1/2 r olive (1883)
  6 r green (1883)
  10 r black
  15 r red (1875)
  20 r red
  40 r blue
  100 r green
  200 r yellow
  300 r lilac
  600 r lilac
  900 r lilac

For the specialist:
The values 10 r, 15, 20, 40, 100, 200, 300, 600 and 900 r exist in several types:
1) with a star above the value and normal 'SERVICIO'
2) with 'S' and 'R' smaller than the other letters of 'SERVICIO' (no star above value), the 15 r does not exist in this type
3) with normal letters in 'SERVICIO' and no star above value.
The values 1 1/2 r, 4 1/2 r and 6 r were only issued in 1883.

Surcharged

1 1/2 r on 20 r red '4 1/2' on 40 r blue '5' on 10 r


(reduced size)

  '1 1/2' on 10 r black
  '1 1/2' on 20 r red
  '4 1/2' on 40 r blue
  '4 1/2' on 100 r green
  '5' (red) on 10 r black
  '5' on 15 r red
  '5' on 20 r red
  '5' on 100 r green
  '6' on 100 r green
  '6' on 200 r yellow

These stamps exist with various perforations and printed on yellowish or bluish paper.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks

Large value numbers, 33 lines in the background, 'S' and 'R' of 'SERVICIO' small

10 rRRRR 
20 r****** 
40 rRRRRRR 
100 rRRRRRR 
200 rRRRRRR 
300 rRRRR 
600 rRRRR 
900 rRRRR 

Large value numbers, 44 lines in the background, 'S' and 'R' of 'SERVICIO' same size,
the word 'REIS' different

10 r****** 
20 r****** 
40 r****** 
100 rRR 
200 rRRRR 
300 rRRRR 
600 rRRRR 
900 rRRRR 
Small value numbers, type I: 'REIS' small, 'V' of 'SERVICIO' is an inverted 'A'
10 r******With normal 'V': ***
20 r******With normal 'V': RR
Small value numbers, type I: 'REIS' larger
10 r****Exists with the inverted 'A' variety
15 r*****Exists with the inverted 'A' variety
20 r****** Exists with the inverted 'A' variety
40 r****** 
100 rRR 
200 rRRRRRR 
300 rRRRRRR 
600 rRRRRRR 
900 rRRRRRR 

With star above the value

1 1/2 r**Two subtypes: 'REIS' different, 'REIS' fat: ***
4 1/2 r****** 
6 r**** Two subtypes: 'REIS' different, 'REIS' fat: ***
10 r******Two subtypes: 'REIS' different
15 r****** 
20 r******  
40 r****** 
100 rRR 
200 rRR 
300 rRR 
600 rRR 
900 rRRRR 

Surcharged

1 1/2 r on 10 rRRRRRRSurcharge exists on 3 different types of stamps
1 1/2 r on 20 rRRRRSurcharge exists on 4 different types of stamps
4 1/2 r on 40 r******Surcharge exists on 3 different types of stamps,
some of them: RRR
4 1/2 r on 100 rRRSurcharge exists on 3 different types of stamps,
some of them: RRR
5 on 10 r*****Surcharge exists on 6 different types of stamps; ** to RR
5 on 15 r** 
5 on 20 r**Surcharge exists on 3 different types of stamps
6 on 100 rRRRRRR 
6 on 200 rRRRRRR 

Forgeries:

Examples:

Forgery!

These stamps are forgeries, however, I don't know how to distinguish forgeries from genuine stamps for this issue. Album Weeds says there should be a small dot just below the 'C' of 'SERVICO', which these stamps don't have. Furthermore, the letters of the inscription are very large.

 

1877 Crown type, inscription 'INDIA PORTUGUEZA'

  1 1/2 r black (1882, new currency)
  4 1/2 r olive (1882, new currency)
  5 r black
  6 r green (1882)
  10 r yellow
  10 r green (1880)
  20 r olive
  25 r red
  25 r lilac (or violet) (1880)
  40 r blue 
  40 r yellow (1880)
  50 r green
  50 r blue (1880)
  100 r lilac
  200 r orange
  300 r brown
  1 T red (1882)
  2 T blue (1882)
  4 T lilac (1882)
  8 T orange (1882)

Surcharged
 

'1 1/2' on 5 r black '1 1/2' on 10 r green '1 1/2' on 20 r olive '4 1/2' on 20 r olive

1 1/2 on 25 r lilac 4 1/2 on 25 r lilac
(reduced sizes)

  '1 1/2' on 5 r black
  '1 1/2' on 10 r green
  '1 1/2' on 20 r olive
  '1 1/2' on 25 r lilac
  '1 1/2' on 100 r lilac
  '4 1/2' (blue) on 5 r black
  '4 1/2' on 20 r olive
  '4 1/2' on 25 r lilac
  '4 1/2' on 100 r lilac

'6' on 25 r lilac and '6' on 25 r violet

  '6' on 10 r yellow
  '6' on 10 r green
  '6' on 20 r olive
  '6' on 25 r lilac (or violet)
  '6' on 40 r blue
  '6' on 40 r yellow
  '6' on 50 r green
  '6' on 50 r blue
 

'1 T' on 25 r lilac, with different type of overprint?

  '1 T' on 10 r green
  '1 T' on 20 r olive
  '1 T' on 25 r lilac
  '1 T' on 40 r blue
  '1 T' on 50 r green
  '1 T' on 50 r blue
  '1 T' on 100 r lilac (or violet)
  '1 T' on 200 r orange

  '2 T' on 25 r lilac (or violet)
  '2 T' on 40 r blue
  '2 T' on 40 r yellow
  '2 T' on 50 r green
  '2 T' on 50 r blue
  '2 T' on 100 r lilac
  '2 T' on 200 r orange
  '2 T' on 300 r brown

  '4 T' on 10 r green
  '4 T' on 50 r green
  '4 T' on 200 r orange

  '8 T' on 20 r olive
  '8 T' on 25 r red
  '8 T' on 40 r blue
  '8 T' on 100 r lilac
  '8 T' on 200 r orange
  '8 T' on 300 r brown

Two doubly surcharged (errors?) '4 1/2' on '1 1/2' on 5 R and '2' on '4T' on 50 r green exist.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
5 r** 
10 r yellow** 
10 r green**** 
20 r**** 
25 r red****** 
25 r lilac****** 
40 r blue****** 
40 r yellow****** 
50 r ****** 
100 r ***** 
200 r****** 
300 r****** 
New currency (1882)
1 1/2 rcc 
4 1/2 rcc 
6 rcc 
1 Tcc 
2 Tcc 
4 T** 
8 T** 
Surcharged
1 1/2 r on 5 r** 
1 1/2 r on 10 r ** 
1 1/2 r on 20 r****** 
1 1/2 r on 25 rRR 
1 1/2 r on 100 r RR 
4 1/2 r on 5 r**** 
4 1/2 r on 20 r** 
4 1/2 r on 25 r****** 
4 1/2 r on 100 rRR 
4 1/2 and 1 1/2 on 1 r ******Misprint?
6 on 10 r yellow RR 
6 on 10 r green**** 
6 on 20 r ****** 
6 on 25 r** 
6 on 40 r blueRRRR 
6 on 40 r yellow****** 
6 on 50 r green****** 
6 on 50 r blueRR 
1 T on 10 r RRRR 
1 T on 20 rRR 
1 T on 25 r****** 
1 T on 40 r****** 
1 T on 50 r grenRR 
1 T on 50 r blue****** 
1 T on 100 r****** 
1 T on 200 rRR 
2 T on 25 r****** 
2 T on 40 r blueRRRR 
2 T on 40 r yellow RR 
2 T on 50 r green****** 
2 T on 50 r blueRRRR 
2 T on 100 r****** 
2 T on 200 r****** 
2 T on 300 r****** 
2 T on 4 T on 50 r RR 
4 T on 10 r****** 
4 T on 50 r****** 
4 T on 200 rRR 
8 T on 20 r****** 
8 T on 25 rRRRR 
8 T on 40 rRR 
8 T on 100 r****** 
8 T on 200 r****** 
8 T on 300 r****** 

For similar stamps of other Portuguese Colonies, click here.

Cancels:

I have often seen a numeral cancel on this issue, consisting of horizontal bars in an ellipse shape with a number in the center.

Errors:

I have seen the 1 1/2 r and 6 r with displaced value:


(1 1/2 r black: value much too high, it is in the letters 'PORTUG'; 6 r green: value too high)


(Imperforate misprint, value too high and slanting)

The above 'errors' could be proofs.

Postal Stationary:

I have seen postal stationery in a similar design ('Bilhete Postal').

Reprints:

Reprints exist of these stamps, on ungummed white paper, examples:

Note, that the 20 r red was not issued officially, it only exists in the reprints.

Forgeries:

Fournier forgeries of these crown stamps:

Fournier (a famous forger) has made forgeries of the crown issue of Portuguese India (including the overprints). The central circle with the name 'INDIA PORTUGUEZA' is a little bigger than in the genuine stamps. At the top it touches the line above it quite much. In the genuine stamps it touches it very lightly or not at all. The upper right ornament (besides the 'G' of 'PORTUGUEZA') is not symmetric as the other ornaments. I have also noticed that the left upper ornament (outside the circle, besides the 'A' of 'INDIA'), is very close to the frame compared to a genuine stamp. For pictures of this click here.

If they are cancelled they bear the cancel 'CORREIO DE DAMAO 6 3 1885' or 'DAMAO 2 NOV. 82'. I think the dates could not be changed in these cancels.

40 r blue, Fournier forgery!
(Reduced size)

Fournier forgery! Fournier forgery! Fournier forgery!

Fournier forged the 1877 series (9 values) and offers them for 2 Swiss Francs in his 1914 price list. The issue of 1880 was offered for 1 Swiss Franc (5 values, including the 25 r lilac and 25 r violet). The surcharges were also forged (including the 25 r lilac and 25 r violet), the '1 1/2' (5 values) were offered for 1 Swiss Franc, the '4 1/2' (5 values) for 1 Franc, the '6' (9 values for 2 Francs, the '1 T' (9 values) for 2 Francs, the '2 T' (9 values) for 2 Francs, the '4 T' (3 values) for 1 Franc and finally the '8 T' (6 values) were offered for 2 Swiss Francs. The varieties 4 1/2 on 1 1/2 on 5 and '2' on 4 T on 50 r (double surcharge) were offered for 1 Swiss Franc. The stamps of the 1882 issue (1 1/2 r black, 4 1/2 r olive, 6 r green, 1 T red, 2 T blue, 4 T lilac and 8 T orange) seem not to have been forged by Fournier.

For stamps of Portuguese India issued from 1886 to 1920 click here.


Websites

A very nice pdf document can be found at: http://www.caleida.pt/filatelia/fp/ebook/bfd001_p.pdf written by Joaquim Leote (in Portuguese); this award winning document describes the postal history of Portuguese India from pre-philatelic to the first issues. Another document can be found at: http://www.filatelicamente.online.pt/l001/l001_06i.html (same author).


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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