Home CD index CD volume 1 index CD volume 2 index
Preview of Stamps Catalogue CD : VOLUME 1

St HELENA 1856-1899

Return To Catalogue - St Helena 1890-1920

Note: on my website many of the pictures can not be seen! They are of course present in the cd's;
contact me if you want to purchase them:
.


1856 Queen Victoria, inscription 'postage'

Imperforated

6 p imperforated

  6 p blue

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
6 pRRRRWatermark 'Star'

Surcharged, the first stamps of St. Helena were all made from surcharges of new values on the 6 p stamps (but with colours changed):

Sucharged and imperforate:

'ONE PENNY' on 6 p red 'FOUR PENCE' on 6 p red

  'ONE PENNY' on 6 p red
  'FOUR PENCE' on 6 p red

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1 pRRRRWatermark 'CC Crown',
two types bar under 'ONE PENNY' 17 or 18 1/2 mm
4 pRRRRWatermark 'CC Crown'
An error without overprint 'FOUR PENCE' exists: RRR

Perforated:

6 p blue 6 p grey

  6 p blue
  6 p grey

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
6 p blueRRRRWatermark 'CC Crown', perforation 12 1/2
6 p blueRRRWatermark 'CC Crown', perforation 14 x 12 1/2 or 14
6 p greyRRRRWatermark 'CA Crown', perforation 14

Surcharged and perforated

"HALFPENNY" small "HALFPENNY" large 2 p on 6 p yellow 3 p on 6 p violet 4 p on 6 p red 'ONE SHILLING' on 6 p green

  'HALFPENNY' on 6 p green
  'ONE PENNY' on 6 p red
  'TWO PENCE' on 6 p yellow
  '2 1/2 d' and bar on 6 p blue
  'THREE PENCE' on 6 p violet
  'FOUR PENCE' on 6 p red
  'FOUR PENCE' on 6 p brown
  'ONE SHILLING' on 6 p green
  'FIVE SHILLINGS' on 6 p orange

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
Watermark 'CC Crown' (1864),
Perforation 12 1/2, 14 x 12 1/2 or 14
1 pRR 
2 pRRRR 
3 pRRRR 
4 p (red)RRRR 
1 ShRR 
5 ShRRRR 
Watermark 'CA Crown' (1864)
Perforation 14
1/2 p*** 
1 p***** 
2 p****** 
2 1/2 p****** 
3 p****** 
4 p (brown)****** 
6 p****** 
1 ShRR 

For the specialist:

The first stamps, 6 p blue (imperforate, 1856 and perforated, 1861, both not surcharged) had the watermark 'star'. The perforated 6 p blue stamp has perforation 14 x 15 1/2 or 12 1/2 (very rare).
The imperforate surcharged stamps 1 p and 4 p had watermark 'CC crown' and were issued in 1863.
From 1864 to 1871 the perforated stamps 1 p, 2 p, 3 p, 4 p, 1 Sh and 5 Sh were issued, also with watermark 'CC crown'. They exist in different perforations: 12 1/2, 14 x 12 1/2 or 14. The black line at the bottom can be 14 mm , 17 mm or 18 mm long.
From 1871 to 1883 the 6 p blue was reissued with watermark 'CC crown' and perforation 12 1/2, 14 x 12 1/2 or 14.
In 1884 the watermark was changed to 'CA crown', the values 1 p, 2 p, 2 1/2 p, 3 p, 4 p, 6 p grey (without surcharge), and 1 Sh were issued. The 3 p exists with the black line 17 or 14 mm long.
The 2 1/2 p surcharge exists double. Be careful, because this double overprint has also been forged!

Cancels:

Several cancels were used in St.Helena, some examples:

"FOUR PENCE" on 6 p red

The above cancel consists of several 'V's all pointed towards each other forming a circle.


(Bars cancels, reduced sizes)

Other cancels consists of four very wide bars or penstrokes. For stamps cancelled with violet lines, see under remainders.


(Bars cancel)

Remainders:

The remainders of this serie were sold to a dealer (mr Healey), cancelled with violet lines forming a grille (see picture above). This cancel was never used for postal purposes and stamps with this cancel are not very valuable:

The government of St.Helena first tried to sell unused stamps at face value and did sell 9600 copies of the 1 Sh stamp with CC watermark to a certain T.H. Thompson in 1896 for 480 Pounds. In 1898 a list was published, where remaining stamps (all values) were offered at face value. This did not seem to be a great success and in 1904 a large number of stamps were sold to mr Healey below face value after hand cancelling them with the above mentioned grill (the government probably needed desperately money). The grill seems to exist in two types, the most common one has 4 lines in the center, the second one has 5 lines. This process seems to have been quite controversial at the time and the government of St.Helena was critisized by the philatelic world. In the next table the amount of stamps thus sold is given (the 1/2 p, 1 p and 2 p of the above series were already sold out at that time). These cancels have sometimes been removed chemically, thereby producing unused stamps (they are also known with forged cancels produced in Paris)! In the table the remainders of the 1890 issue are also given. More information can be found in Gibbons Stamp Monthly, July 1981 page 78.
(information obtained thanks to Robert W. Richardson)
Above serie (large Victoria head) 1890 issue (small Victoria head)
StampQuantity sold StampQuantity sold
2 1/2 p 76400 1 1/2 p 49409
3 p53882 2 p58394
4 p (brown)68216 2 1/2 p 29229
6 p (grey)47650 5 p 39588
1 Sh7090 10 p 43376
5 Sh3015   

Forgeries

There exists a booklet made by Roger West, describing 16 different kinds of forgeries. He made another forgery 'The Seventeenth Facsimile', he told me that he produced it around 1990: "While i was studying the St Helena types, I felt the best way to become familiar with the various problems was to do one myself.  I have to say that I obtained permission from the Crown Agents and set my own restrictions.  They were designed as a copy of a forgery rather than a copy of the original, as all I wanted was a recognisable design within a rectangle.  They were also produced on the understanding that I did not sell them." I would like to thank Roger for sending me this little booklet, together with some of these 17th facsimiles. This booklet is highly recommendable for the collectors of St. Helena who are interested in forgeries.

First forgery:

Forgery! Image obtained from Bill Claghorn's forgery site

Reduced size
(Reduced size)

The 'S' of 'SIX' is placed too far too the right in this forgery. In the genuine stamps, the background pattern should make a 'W' shape above the left and right hand side of the 'St. HELENA' label. This is absent in this forgery. Note the different hair hanging down from the back of the head of the Queen. The rings with dots around the head are more clearly visible in this forgery than in the genuine stamps. The surcharged horizontal line at the bottom of these stamps is very thin. Also note the very strange cancel, a diamond with lines, concentric rings with some horizontal lines in the center or an ellipse filled up with horizontal lines.

Second forgery (Spiro):

Forgery! Note the strange cancel! Forgery! Forgery! Forgery! Forgery! Forgery! Forgery!

The background pattern in the above forgeries is quite different from the genuine stamps. The 'S' of 'SIX' is badly shaped. The 'H' pf 'HELENA' has a very thin horizontal stroke and the first 'E' of this word has the central stroke placed too high up. This forgery made by the Spiro Brothers in Hamburg, Germany. Note the very strange cancels, which have never been used in St.Helena. This forgery is also mentioned in the Spud Papers LX. Spiro forgeries are the most common forgeries of St.Helena.


(Doubly cancelled Spiro forgeries?)

I have seen the same cancel 'BO*TDK' (as the on the 5 Sh forgery) on a Spiro forgery of Western Australia.

Third forgery:


(forgery, reduced size)


(Image obtained thanks to Bill Claghorn's forgery site: http://www.geocities.com/claghorn1p/ )

According to the above mentioned booklet of Roger West, this forgery was made by David Cohn. It resembles much the Spiro forgeries. Only the value 6 p blue was issued.

Fourth forgery:

(Sorry, no picture available now)

This is the fifth forgery described in Album Weeds. A white line is surrounding the label with 'St.HELENA' in this forgery. There is a stop behind 'POSTAGE'. I have no picture of this forgery right now.

Fifth forgery (Oneglia):


(This forgery was obtained from the forgery site of Bill Claghorn)

This is the sixth forgery described in Album Weeds. There is a large stop below the 'T' of 'ST HELENA'. This forgery is engraved as the genuine stamps. Note, that there is a white line at the base of the neck. The eye is very white. This forgery was made by Oneglia.

Sixth forgery:

Forgery? Reduced size
(Forgeries)

In the above forgeries, the 'L' of 'HELENA' is slanting backwards. The letters in 'St.HELENA' are much thinner than in the genuine stamp. The surcharge is different from the genuine one (especially the large '2'). I have seen many forgeries with the cancel 'ST HELENA SR 24 01', on this forgery and on the next forgery. It was made by De Benckelaer according to the booklet of Roger West.

Seventh forgery:


Forgery with cancel 'ST HELENA SR 24 01'

The background pattern is very different from the genuine stamp. The surcharge is different from the genuine one (especially the large '2'). Note that there are two very distinct 'M's besides the label with the word 'POSTAGE'. This forgery also bears the cancel 'ST HELENA SR 24 01'. It was made by De Benckelaer (as was the sixth forgery)

Eight forgery

These forgeries were made by Panelli. They can be distinguished by two white dots behind the chignon (information obtained from the booklet of Roger West). Two different Panelli forgeries exist, engraved and lithographed (same distinghuishing characteristics).

Ninth forgery

A very primitive forgery:


(Reduced size)

Tenth forgery

Forgery!
(Forgery)

A very dangerous forgery is described in Album Weeds as forgery 1; the label with 'St. HELENA' is cut off straight at the left and right. In the genuine stamps, the engine turning background should enter this label. These forgeries are perforated 12 or imperforate. I've been told that the above stamp is a forgery, could it be the first forgery of Album Weeds?

Example of a forgery with double surcharge and a genuine double overprinted stamp for comparison:


(Left image forgery, obtained thanks to Robert W. Richardson; right image genuine double overprint, image obtained with permission from http://www.sandafayre.com )

In 'The Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries' a 6 p forgery can be found (imperforate) sold by Fournier. Apparently this forgery was not made by him, the text reads: 'Faux fabriques en Italie en 1920-1921 par la Maison V.E.U. à Gênes par un nouveau procédé' (forgeries made in Italy in 1920-21 by the house of V.E.U. in Genova with a new technique. So these forgeries were produced after Fournier had died. This forgery only seems to exist with the overprint 'FAUX', it is also in red instead of blue.

 

For issues of St Helena from 1890 to 1920 click here.


Stamps - Timbres-Poste - Briefmarken

Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

Home CD index CD volume 1 index CD volume 2 index
Preview of Stamps Catalogue CD : VOLUME 1