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NEW REPUBLIC and STELLALAND

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NEW REPUBLIC (Nieuwe Republiek)

1886 Inscription 'NIEUWE REPUBLIEK ZUID AFRIKA'

1 p lilac, without date 4 p violet Genuine, with seal

With date or without date
  1 p lilac
  2 p lilac
  3 p lilac
  4 p lilac
  6 p lilac
  9 p lilac
  1 Sh lilac
  1/6 Sh lilac
  2 Sh lilac
  2/6 Sh lilac
  3 Sh lilac
  4 Sh lilac
  5 Sh lilac
  5/6 Sh lilac
  7/6 Sh lilac
  10 Sh lilac
  10/6 Sh lilac
  12 Sh lilac
  13 Sh lilac
  1 Pound lilac
  30 Sh lilac

The New Republic was incorporated in Transvaal in 1888.

For the specialist: These stamps were issued on yellow paper or on grey paper with cloth threads (similar to some of the stamps of Austria). Some stamps are embossed with a large seal of the republic. The stamps exist without any dates or with dates. The dates that can be found are: 9 Jan 86, 13 Jan 86, 20 Jan 86, 24 Jan 86, 10 Febr 86, 7 March 86, 17 March 86, 14 April 86, 14 Mai 86, 21 Mai 86, 24 Mai 86, 26 Mai 86, 30 Jun 86, 7 July 86, 19 Aug 86, 30 Aug 86, 6 Sept 86, 13 Sept 86, 6 Oct 86, 13 Oct 86, 3 Nov 86, 24 Nov 86, - Dec 86, 2 Dec 86, 4 Jan 87, 17 Jan 87, 20 Jan 87.

Postal stationary in the same design (2 p violet, 4 Jan 87) was issued in 1887.

Many forgeries exist (by the way, I'm not sure if all the above stamps are genuine), genuine stamps are always perforated 11 1/2; Genuine stamps have the upper part of the first 'E' in 'REPUBLIEK' with an 'accent':


('accent' above the 'E')

However, be carful, there is a forgery which has this 'accent'. The paper is incorrect on all the forgeries.  No one has been able to recreate this older type of "granite" paper that was used for printing tests (information thanks to Ron Carlson).

The forger Fournier advertises his 'stamps' in his 1914 pricelist: he lists as first choice forgeries:
1) the 1 and 4 d (5 values for 2.50 Swiss Francs);
2) 1 d embossed (3 values for 1.50 Swiss Francs) and
3) 1 and 2 d embossed (4 values for 2 Swiss Francs).
Furthermore he offers as second choice forgeries the 1 p (2 values) for 0.50 Swiss Francs. I have not yet been able to obtain images of these forgeries. In 'The Fournier album of philatelic forgeries' pictures of his forgeries can be seen.

The above stamp is a forgery, nicely done on granite paper, but the type faces are slightly wrong (information obtained thanks to Ron Carlson USA).

Bogus issues for New Republic, inscription 'NEUE REPUBLIK IN SUDAFRIKA' (in German! the value is in English pence)?

Bogus issues?


STELLALAND

The republic of Stellaland existed from 1882 to 1884, and was then divided between Transvaal and British Bechuanaland. Stellaland did not cancel its stamps with the usual cancelling devices, instead only penstroked were used. Cancelled stamps could have occasionally occured when the letters arrived in neighbouring countries (or are simply forgeries).

1884 Arms of Stellaland, inscription 'REPUBLIEK STELLALAND POSTZEGEL'


(Reduced size)

1 p red, probably genuine?

  1 p red
  3 p yellow
  4 p blue
  6 p violet
  1 Sh green

Surcharged

Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com

  'Twee' (red, in fancy letters) on 4 p blue

For the specialist: these stamps have no watermark and are perforated 12. The surcharged stamp was was not issued, the stock was sold to a dealer (The forged stamps of all countries by J.Dorn).

Many forgeries exist (since the stamps have no watermark and a relatively easy design), examples:


(Forgeries)

The left leaf in the bottom should not touch the ribbon in the genuine stamps.

I have even seen forgeries of the 1 p stamp in the wrong colour: green instead of red. Also genuine stamps with the perforation cut off, to imitate imperforate proofs exist.

 

1884 Fiscal stamps, inscription 'GOUVERNEMENTS ZEGEL':

The values 6 p orange, 1 Sh brown, 1 Sh 6 p brown, 2 Sh grey, 5 Sh green, 10 Sh red, 1 Pound lilac and 5 Pounds red exist.

All these stamps eixst with overprint 'JPM' in violet (issued in 1886, also inverted overprints exist).


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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