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OLDENBURG Forgeries of the issues 1858-1860

Return To Catalogue - Oldenburg 1858 issue etc - Oldenburg 1851 issue - miscellaneous - Other German States - Germany

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Forgeries of the 1858 Arms, black on coloured paper issue

Spiro forgeries:

Spiro forgery, image obtained from Bill Claghorn's forgery site

The above Spiro forgery is described in 'The Spud Papers'. The point of the shield is too close to the bottom of the oval, the lion is badly shaped. The lettering is different, for example the word 'OLDENBURG' is too large. Spiro forgeries exist for all values.

Other forgeries exist, example:


(No pearls at bottom of stamp and inscriptions different)

Image obtained from Bill Claghorn's forgery site

In the above forgery (the fourth forgery of the 2 g black on red of Album Weeds), there are eight large pearls at the bottom of the stamp. I obtained this image from http://www.geocities.com/claghorn1p/Oldenburg/ (Bill Claghorn's forgery site).


(Forgery with 10 large pearls at the bottom)


(Another forgery with 7 large pearls at the bottom, reduced size)


(Other forgery)

Other forgery:

Image obtained from Bill Claghorn's forgery site Image obtained from Bill Claghorn's forgery site
(Peter Winter forgeries)

Peter Winter made forgeries of the 1 g black on blue, 2 g black on lilac, 3 g black on green stamp and a 3 g black on yellow stamp (proof?). They (always?) bear the inscription 'replik' on the backside. The above forgeries are such forgeries. He also produced strips and blocks of these forgeries. These stamps don't look very 'old' since they were made in the 1980's. My 3 g black on yellow has the cancel 'OBENKIRCHEN 20/1' in a rectangle (in blue). My 2 g black on lilac has the cancel 'JEVER 21-9 * 11-12' in a rectangle and my 1 g black on blue has a two ring cancel with 'OLDENBURG 5 1 8-V'.

Fournier forgeries:

'VAREL 16/6' cancel 'OLDENBURG 16 10 1-2N' cancel
(Images obtained thanks to Bill Claghorn's forgery site http://www.geocities.com/claghorn1p/Oldenburg/Oldn07.htm )

Distinguishing characteristics of these forgeries:

For the 2 g:
1) Paper is very bright.
2) The 'U' of 'OLDENBURG' is badly done
3) The tail of the 'R' of 'OLDENBURG' does not curl up.
4) The crown is poorly detailed
6) The lion's head (bottom of shield) is badly done.

For the 3 g:
Note the poor shape of the left '3'

A further means to distinguish Fournier forgeries are the cancels: the only cancels I have seen on these forgeries are (I don't think the dates could be changed): 'OLDENBURG 16 10 1-2 N' in a double circle; 'VAREL 16/6' in a rectangle; 'ABBEHAUSEN 11/VI' in a rectangle and 'RASTEDE 18/11' in a rectangle.

I've been told that the next stamps are Sperati forgeries, I have no further information:


(Sperati forgeries)

 

Forgeries of the 1860 arms issue, (couloured on white paper)

Examples of forgeries:

Forgery!

The letters of 'OLDENBURG' in the above forgeries are all straight and not slanting with the label as in the genuine stamps.

forgery!

The letters in 'OLDENBURG' are too tall in the above forgery.

Forgery!

Note the position of the word 'Ein' in the above forgery, in the genuine 1 g stamps, there should be a small dot to the right of the left '1' (almost in the ellipse) and a similar dot to the left of the right '1'. These dots are absent in the above stamp. There is a row of 10 large pearls at the bottom of the stamps. The crown touches the oval. The lion looks more like a giraffe. The shield is much smaller than in the genuine stamps. This forgery is described in Album Weeds (second forgery of the 1 g blue). On Bill Claghorn's website a similar forgery can be found with these large pearls at the bottom (the 2 Gr black on red of the previous issue). In Album Weeds some forgeries of the 1/3 g green, 2 g red and 3 g yellow with 10 pearls at the bottom are described (from the same forger?). Next to the 1 g stamp, a 2 g black on lilac is shown apparently made by the same forger.

Spiro forgeries:

Image obtained from Bill Claghorn's forgery site

The above Spiro forgery is described in 'The Spud Papers'. It is exactly the same as the forgery of the previous issue (except for the colour). The point of the shield is too close to the bottom of the oval, the lion is badly shaped. The lettering is different. Spiro forgeries exist for all values. I have often seen it cancelled 'OLDENBURG IM GROSSHERZOGTUM'

The next stamps are Fournier forgeries

'ABBEHAUSEN 11/VI' cancel 'RASTEDE 18/11' cancel
(Fournier forgeries, images obtained thanks to Bill Claghorn's forgery site http://www.geocities.com/claghorn1p/Oldenburg )

Distinguishing characteristics:

The 'U' of 'OLDENBURG' is badly done (2 g only?)

An easy means to distinguish Fournier forgeries are the cancels: the cancels I have often seen on these forgeries are (I don't think the dates could be changed): 'OLDENBURG 16 10 1-2 N' in a double circle; 'VAREL 16/6' in a rectangle; 'ABBEHAUSEN 11/VI' in a rectangle and 'RASTEDE 18/11' in a rectangle. The 'FRANCO' cancel on the 2 g is not mentioned in 'The Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries'.

 

I've been told that the next stamp is also a Fournier forgery. However, it does not resemble the forgeries in 'The Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries':

Other forgery with the crown too small:

The next forgery of the 2 g red has 10 large pearls at the bottom, the crown is touching the oval. Next to it the corresponding forgery of the previous serie is shown: 2 g black on red:


(Another forgery with 7 pearls at the bottom)


(Other primitive forgery of the 1 g stamp)

Image obtained from Bill Claghorn's forgery site
(Peter Winter forgeries)

Peter Winter made forgeries of all four values.

Sperati forgeries:


(Sperati forgery)

The above forgery is a Sperati forgery. Sperati made at least 3 different forgeries of this stamp. The following distinguishing characteristics apply to this stamp:
1) The 'G' of 'Groschen' has a white spot
2) There is a line above the 'o' of 'Groschen'
3) A dot outside the design of the stamps above the 'L' of 'OLDENBURG'
4) A dot outside the stamp left to the '2'
5) The left lower corner has several dots

Other Sperati forgeries:


First two pictures obtained from: http://www.seymourfamily.com/rfrajola/Sperati/speratiindex.htm

The left stamp has the distinguishing characteristics 1 and 2 of the previous forgery:
1) The 'G' of 'Groschen' has a white spot
2) There is a line above the 'o' of 'Groschen'

I do not know the distinghuishing characteristics of the other Sperati forgery. It seems that the cancel 'OLDENBURG 28 1 8-1 V' has been used often.

Sperati has also made forgeries of all other 3 values (no further information right now). Examples of a 1/3 g and some 3 g Sperati forgeries:


(Sperati forgeries)


(Other forgery? note that the 'D' of 'Drei' is slanting to the left!)


(1/3 g Sperati forgery, reduced size)

 

Forgeries of the 1860 arms issue (shield on coloured background and different frame)

The 1/4 g is cheaper in unused condition (worth about ten times less unused); therefore many forged cancels exist!

Forgeries, examples:

In the above forgeries, the inscription 'OLDENBURG' is much bigger than in the genuine stamps. The forger even made bogus values of 1/2 gr black and 2 g red.


(Image obtained from Bill Claghorn's forgery site)

The above forgery has the 'H' of 'Halber' almost straight, while it is slanting to the right in the genuine stamp. The letters of the inscriptions seem to be larger.

Image obtained from Bill Claghorn's forgery site
(Peter Winter forgeries)

Peter Winter made forgeries of both values. My 1/4 g forgery has the cancel 'OLDENBURG 17 2 3 8 N' in a double circle (in blue). My 1/2 g forgery has the cancel 'ZETEL 11 12' in a rectangle.


(Sperati forgery)

I've been told that the above stamp is a Sperati forgery, I have no further information at this moment.

Other forgery:


(Forgery of the 1/4 g and bogus 1/3 g green value, probably from the same forger)

I have also seen a bogus value of 1/3 g green with cancel 'OLDENBURG IM GROSSHERZOGTUM'.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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