Return To Catalogue - Great Britain overview
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Maltese cross with number '3'
Perkins, Bacon and Petch, printers of these stamps, recommended the use of black for the cancels of the 1 p black, but the black cancel was not satisfactory because inadequate cancels could not easily be detected. The ink for the cancellation was then changed to red, but could be readily removed with a solvent. Within a year, the stamp became red with a more fugitive ink, and the cancellation became black.
2p blue on letter with zoom-in:
(Brunswick star cancel, reduced size)
Numeral obliterators were issued to replace the Maltese Cross obliterators. England's obliterators were oval, Scotland's rectangular and Ireland's was in the form of a diamond. A number was assigned to each office of importance and incorporated in the canceler.
The above cancels are so-called duplex-cancels, next to the cancel with the number the city and date is indicated. Some examples of duplex numbers that I have seen:
1 : Aberdeen
3 : Abington
46 : Banbury
114 : Dundee
131 : Edinburgh
132 : Brighton
152 : Cardiff
154 : Bury
159 : Glasgow
177 : Cheltenham (I've seen a sideways duplex cancel)
234 : Lamsamlet
303 : Folkstone
324 : Guernsey
376 : Honition (I've seen a sideways duplex cancel)
387 : Huddersfield
409 : Jersey
444 : Leamington
488 : Lynn
498 : Manchester
603 : Oxford
616 : Pulborough
660 : Portland
683 : Salisbury
700 : Sheffield
723 : Southampton
799 : Tipton
805 : Torquay
860 : Wellington
923 : Worthing
(Railway cancel 'GLASGOW & CARLISLE SORTING TENDER')
Examples: 098 : Platres (Cyprus) 942 : Larnaka (Cyprus) 969 : Nicosia (Cyprus) 974 : Paphos (Cyprus) 975 : Famagusta (Cyprus) 981 : Limassol (Cyprus) 982 : Cyrenia (Cyprus) A : Jamaica (?) A01 : Kingston (Jamaica) A02 : Antigua A03 : British Guiana A04 : British Guiana A05 : Bahamas A06 : British Honduras A07 : Dominica A08 : Montserrat A09 : Nevis A10 : St. Vincent A11 : St. Lucia A12 : St. Christopher A13 : Virgin Islands (Tortola) A14 : Tobago A15 : Grenada A18 : Antigua A25 : Malta (from 1860 onwards) A26 : Gibraltar (from 1860 onwards) A91 : Virgin Islands B56 : Hongkong B57 : Hongkong B62 : Hongkong D47 : Cyprus D48 : Army headquarters of Cyprus G : Gibraltar (from 1857-59) M : Malta (1857-59) M : Macao (from 1860 onwards)
The cancels A27 to A83 were used in Jamaica.
(A01 : Kingston, Jamaica and 'A02' Antigua)
('942': Larnaka, Cyprus)
('A25' Malta cancel and 'A26' Gibraltar cancels)
('G' Gibraltar and 'M' Malta cancel)
('A70' What is this?)
The Following cancels were used in British postal agencies abroad: 582 : Naguabo (Porto Rico) B01 : Alexandria (Egypt) B02 : Suez (Egypt) B32 : Buenos Aires (Argentine) C : Constantinopel (Turkey, nowadays called Istanbul) C28 : Montevideo (Uruguay) C30 : Valparaiso (Chile) C35 : Panama (Columbia) C36 : Arica (Peru, since 1884 Chile) C37 : Caldera (Chile) C38 : Callao (Peru) C39 : Cobija (Bolivia, since 1884 Chile) C40 : Coquimbo (Chile) C41 : Guayaguil (Ecuador) C42 : Islay (Peru) C43 : Paita (Peru) C51 : St. Thomas (Danish West-Indies) C56 : Carthagena (Colombia) C57 : Greytown (Nicaragua) C58 : Havana (Cuba) C59 : Jacmel (Haiti) C60 : La Guaria (Venezuela) C61 : San Juan (Porto Rico) C62 : Santa Marta (Colombia) C63 : Tampico (Mexico) C64 : Vera Cruz (Mexico) C81 : Bahia (Brasil) C82 : Pernambuco (Brasil) C83 : Rio de Janeiro (Brasil) C86 : Port Plate (Dominican Republic) C87 : St. Domingo (Dominican Republic) C88 : Santiago (Cuba) D14 : Singapore (Straits Settlements) D17 : Penang (now Malaysia) D22 : Ciudad Bolivar (Venezuela) D26 : St. Thomas (Spanish steamboat) D27,D28,D29 and D30 : China D30 : Hiogo (Japan) D74 : Pisco (Peru) D87 : Iquique (Chile) E53 : Port au Prince (Haiti) E88 : Colon (Columbia) F69 : Savanilla (Columbia) F83 : Arroyo (Porto Rico) F84 : Aquidilla (Porto Rico) F85 : Mayaguez (Porto Rico) F87 : Smyrna (Turkey) F88 : Ponce (Porto Rico) G06 : Beyrout
From 1858 to about 1865 some British ships carried number cancels; the cancels A79 to A99, B03, B12, B16 to B18, B27 to B30, B56 to B57, B61 and C79 seem to have been used for this purpose, examples: A79-A87; A88 (China), A92 (Halifax, Nova Scotia) and A39 (Sydney, New South Wales).
Other numeral cancels are: B31: Sierra Leone, B53: Mauritius, B54: Seychelles, British Naval Stations in Mauritius and Seychelles: B62 and B64, C29: Jarrow and F89: Savanilla (Colombia).
The cancel C43 was later used on Peruan stamps, I have seen it as late as 1900.
Several British post amts in China and Japan used stamps of Hongkong (see there).
('B32': Buenos Aires)
'C' cancel: Constantinopel, (now called Istanbul) and 'F87' Smyrna, Turkey
'B01'cancel: Alexandria, and 'B02': Suez, (Egypt)
(C28 : Montevideo, Uruguay)
('C30' Valparaiso, Chile)
('C36' Arica and C38 : Callao, Peru)
('C41' Guayaguil, Ecuador)
('C60' La Guaria)
Ciudad, Bolivar (Colombia)
Stamp of Great Britain used in St.Thomas (Danish West Indies), 'C51' cancel and 'St.Thomas'
(C61 : San Juan, Porto Rico)
(C81 : Bahia, Brasil and C83 : Rio de Janeiro, Brasil)
(E53 : Port au Prince, Haiti and 'F88' : Ponce, Porto Rico)
(G06 : Beyrout and normal Beyrout cancel)
(Great Britain stamps cancelled in Bolivia)
(Stamp of Great Britain, used together with a stamp of Peru)
(Army post office Bloemfontein, South Africa)