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GAMBIA

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Currency: 4 farthings = 1 penny; 12 pence = 1 Shilling; 20 Shillings = 1 Pound

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1869 Queen Victoria, embossed head of the Queen

Imperforate

4 p brown, red cancel Image obtained from a Shreves auction Image obtained from a Shreves auction

  4 p brown
  6 p blue

Perforated

1/2 p orange 1 p red 2 p red 2 p orange 3 p blue 4 p brown 6 p green 1 Sh violet

  1/2 p orange
  1/2 p green
  1 p brown
  1 p red
  2 p red
  2 p orange
  2 1/2 p blue
  3 p blue
  3 p grey
  4 p brown
  6 p blue
  6 p green
  1 Sh green
  1 Sh violet

The stamps in this design are also known under the name 'Cameos'. The first imperforate stamps exist without watermark and with watermark CC Crown. The perforated stamps exist with watermark CC Crown (straight or lying down) or watermark CA Crown (lying down). The perforationi s always 14.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks

Imperforate, No watermark

4 pRRRRRR 
6 pRRRRRR 

Imperforate, Watermark CC Crown

4 pRRRRRR 
6 pRRRRRR 

Perforated, Watermark CC Crown

1/2 p orange****** 
1 p brown****** 
2 p redRR 
3 p blueRR 
4 p brownRRR 
6 p blueRRRR 
1 Sh greenRRRRRR 

Perforated, Watermark CA Crown

1/2 p green** 
1 p red**** 
2 p orange****** 
2 1/2 p blue****** 
3 p grey****** 
4 p brown****** 
6 p green****** 
1 Sh violet****** 

Cancels:


(doubly cancelled stamp; with datestamp and with ellipse shaped cancel consisting of 7 bars)

I've mostly seen these stamps with a circular date cancel (in black or red). But I've also seen an ellipse shaped cancel consisting of 7 bars (this cancel can also be found on the 1898 issue).

Forgeries:

In Album Weeds, four different kinds of forgeries are described (in early 1900!).

Forgery! 6 p blue, forgery?
(First forgery)

The above stamps are, I believe, the first forgery described in Album weeds, the end of the hair at the back of the head of the queen is splitted into two seperate curls. The ring around the embossed head is narrower than in the original and the mouth of the queen seems to be opened. Finally, the cancel is composed of a square of dots (this cancel was not used in Gambia).


(Second forgery)

A second forgery, described in Album Weeds, can be recognized by a white dot connecting the 'G' of 'GAMBIA' to the line below it (sorry, no picture available).

Forgery!
(Third forgery)

The above stampare also forgeries (could these be the third forgery of Album Weeds?). The front pearl on the crown doesn't point in the same direction as in the genuine stamps.

Example of forgeries with watermark:


(Fourth kind of forgeries; with watermark)

The above forgeries are the fourth one described in Album Weeds. They can easily be recognized by the coloured outline all around the stamp, it is much too thick (it should be as thick as the width of the 'I' of 'GAMBIA'). Album Weeds mentions that these forgeries exist imperforate in the values 4 p and 6 p and perforated in the values 1/2 p, 1 p, 2 p, 3 p ,4 p , 6 p and 1 Sh.

Another forgery:


(Fifth forgery)

 

1898 Queen Victoria, inscription 'POSTAGE POSTAGE'

2 p orange and lilac 3 p lilac and blue 4 p brown and blue 1 Sh lilac and green

  1/2 p green
  1 p red
  2 p orange and lilac
  2 1/2 p blue
  3 p lilac and blue
  4 p brown and blue
  6 p green and red
  1 Sh lilac and green

For the specialist: These stamps have watermark CA Crown and are perforated 14.

 

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1/2 p** 
1 p**** 
2 p****** 
2 1/2 p****** 
3 p****** 
4 pRR 
6 pRR 
1 ShRRRR 

 

1902 King Edward VII

1 p red 2 1/2 p blue 1 Sh black on green 2 Sh lilac and blue on blue 2 Sh 6 p black and red on blue 3 Sh yellow and green

  1/2 p green
  1 p red
  2 p orange and violet
  2 p grey
  2 1/2 p blue
  3 p lilac and blue
  3 p lilac on yellow
  4 p brown and blue
  4 p black and red on yellow
  5 p grey and black
  5 p orange and violet
  6 p green and red
  6 p lilac
  7 1/2 p green and red
  7 1/2 p brown and blue
  10 p yellow and red
  10 p green and red
  1 Sh violet and green
  1 Sh black on green
  1 Sh 6 p green and red on yellow
  1 Sh 6 p violet and green
  2 Sh grey and orange
  2 Sh lilac and blue on blue
  2 Sh 6 p lilac and brown on yellow
  2 Sh 6 p black and red on blue
  3 Sh red and green on yellow
  3 Sh yellow and green

Surcharged

  'HALF PENNY' on 2 Sh 6 p lilac and brown on yellow
  'ONE PENNY' on 3 Sh red and green on yellow

For the specialist: Some of these stamps have the value in white (example 1/2 p), other have the value in colour (example 3 Sh) The watermark of these stamps is 'CA crown' or 'Multiple CA crown (1905'):


(CA crown)

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
Watermark CA Crown
1/2 p****  
1 p***** 
2 p orange and violet ****** 
2 1/2 p****** 
3 p lilac and blue****** 
4 p brown and blueRR 
6 p green and red****** 
1 Sh violet and greenRRRR 
1 Sh 6 p green and red on yellow RR 
2 Sh grey and orangeRRRR 
2 Sh 6 p lilac and brown on yellow RRRR 
3 Sh red and green on yellowRRRR 
Watermark Multiple CA Crown
1/2 p** 
1 p*** 
2 p orange and violetRR 
2 p grey******(issued 1909)
2 1/2 p****** 
3 p lilac and blueRR 
3 p lilac on yellow******(issued 1909)
4 p brown and blueRR 
4 p black and red on yellow ******(issued 1909)
5 p grey and blackRR 
5 p orange and violet******(issued 1909)
6 p green and redRR 
6 p lilac******(issued 1909)
7 1/2 p green and redRR 
7 1/2 p brown and blue******(issued 1909)
10 p yellow and redRRRR 
10 p green and redRR(issued 1909)
1 Sh violet and greenRRRR 
1 Sh black on greenRR 
1 Sh 6 p violet and greenRR 
2 Sh grey and orangeRRRR 
2 Sh lilac and blue on blueRR 
2 Sh 6 p black and red on blueRRRR 
3 Sh yellow and greenRRRR 
Surcharged
1/2 p on 2 Sh 6 p RRRRWatermark CA Crown
1 p on 3 ShRRRRWatermark CA Crown

 

1912 King George, small size

1 p red 1 1/2 p olive and green 1 Sh 6 p violet and green

  1/2 p green
  1 p red
  1 1/2 p olive and green
  2 p grey
  2 1/2 p blue
  3 p lilac on yellow
  4 p black and red on yellow
  5 p orange and violet
  6 p lilac
  7 1/2 p brown and blue
  10 p green and red
  1 Sh black on green
  1 Sh 6 p violet and green
  2 Sh lilac and blue on blue
  2 Sh 6 p black and red on blue
  3 Sh yellow and green
  4 Sh grey and red
  5 Sh green and red on yellow

For the specialist: The watermark of these stamps is 'Multiple CA crown' or 'Multiple Script CA crown (1905'):

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
Watermark Multiple CA Crown
1/2 p**  
1 p*c 
1 1/2 p**** 
2 p**** 
2 1/2 p**** 
3 p**** 
4 p****** 
5 p****** 
6 p****** 
7 1/2 p****** 
10 p****** 
1 Sh****** 
1 Sh 6 p****** 
2 Sh ****** 
2 Sh 6 pRR 
3 ShRR 
5 ShRRRR 
Watermark Multiple Script CA Crown
1/2 p** 
1 p** 
1 1/2 pRR 
2 p****** 
2 1/2 p**** 
5 p****** 
6 p****** 
7 1/2 p****** 
10 p****** 
4 ShRRRR 

 

Later issues, in 1922 a new series was issued, with King George with an elephant (lower values) or the design below (higher values):

1922 issue, 5 Sh green on yellow
(1922 issue)


Postal Stationery

POSTCARDS:

1880 Queen Victoria in octagonal

  1 1/2 p grey

Surcharged
  '1 d.' (1884) on 1 1/2 p grey

Other postcards exist.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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