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INDIAN STATES, CASHMIR (Kashmir) 1866 circular issues

Jammu and Cashmir - Jummo et Cachemire

Return To Catalogue - India - Jammu and Kashmir 1866, 'old rectangular' issues - Jammu and Kashmir 1878, 'new rectangular' issues

Note: on my website many of the pictures can not be seen! They are of course present in the catalogue;
contact me if you want to purchase it.

Many forgeries exist: see http://www.kashmirstamps.ca/MassonVII.html much information can be found. Also http://www.kashmirstamps.com/index.html. Also very dangerous forgeries are known to exist.

1866 Circle with native inscription

1 a APS Certified genuine 1/2 a sage-green, certified genuine (Sismondo). 4 a sage-green, image obtained from a Sandafayre auction Certified genuine

Genuine stamps

(Reduced views)

  1/2 a black
  1/2 a red (1869)
  1/2 a blue (1876)
  1/2 a green (1876)
  1/2 a yellow (1876)
  1 a black
  1 a red (1869)
  1 a blue
  1 a green (1876)
  1 a yellow (1876)
  4 a black
  4 a blue
  4 a red (1869)
  4 a green (1876)
  4 a yellow (1876)

The 1/2 a stamps have three more or less parallel lines in the central design. The 1 a has a straigth line with a curved line at the bottom. The 4 a stamp has a single line in the centre. Specialists distinguish between watercolors and oilcolors. These stamps were handstamped and are thus usually very crudely executed. Different kinds of papers were used (native papers are the rarest) and both water based ink (not water resistent!) and oil based ink were used. Stamps used in Srinagar (Kashmir) have red cancels.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
Value Unused Used Remarks
1/2 a black *** ***  
1/2 a red R R  
1/2 a blue R R  
1/2 a green R R  
1/2 a yellow RR RR  
1 a black R R  
1 a red R R  
1 a blue R R  
1 a green R R  
1 a yellow RR RR  
4 a black R R  
4 a red R R  
4 a blue *** R  
4 a green R R  
4 a yellow RR RR  

There seems to have been some confusion about the 1 a and 4 a values, which were initially attributed to the wrong stamps in earlier catalogues.

Sheet with 1/2 a black stamps (image obtained from a Feldman auction)

I have seen forgeries of these stamps, printed from the original die. They are different from the so-called Brighton forgeries made by Harold Treherne from 1902 to 1907. These forgeries are rather deceptive. See also http://www.sspak.com/library/India/Jammu%20&%20Kashmir%20Forgeries.pdf.
The site http://www.kashmirstamps.ca/SMcontents.html contains valuable information about these stamps. It is an (improved?) online version of the book 'The Stamps of Jammu-Kashmir' by Alexander Séfi & C.H. Mortimer (1937). Publisher: Séfi, Pemberton & Co., Ltd., 12 South Molton Street, W.1. London. 322 pp, 59 black & white plates. The forgeries described are the so-called 'Die I' forgeries (longtime believed to be the genuine stamps!) and 'Missing Die' forgeries.

'Missing Die' forgeries, believed to be from a 'missing die' that could not be found in the archive, it later turned out to be forgeries.

'Missing Die' forgery of the 4 a on the left. The central line points to the symbol above it in the forgeries. In the genuine stamps, it points in between two values.

'Missing die' forgery of the 1/2 a value, the three strokes in the center should not touch the white 'sun' in the genuine stamps. In the 'Missing Die' forgeries it does. See also https://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=33&t=39738.

'Missing Die' forgery of the 1 a value.

Highly dubious cancel!
Highly dubious stamps, the cancel looks like the one that the stamp forger Oneglia sometimes used on his forgeries.

I've also heard of reprints made about 1880, which are printed much better than the originals (the originals are usually smudgy).

I've been told that these are 1880 reprints.

Reprints from the original plates

Two other forgeries.

A set of forgeries with the same cancel. The last two are in 'mirror-image'. See also http://www.kashmirstamps.com/FKash.html.

A 'snake-forgery' (so-called due to the snake like pattern in the lower right hand side). This forgery appears to be the same as the one illustrated in the Illustrated Catalogue of Postage Stamps by John Edward Grey from 1870.

According to http://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=13&t=13744&start=50, stamps with this kind of cancel are always forgeries. Normal cancels are overinked and unclear (they resemble more like coloured blobs).

A whole bunch of forgeries of different states, all made by the same forger, I presume. The Jammu and Kasmir forgery is at the bottom left. I've seen exactly the same forgery in the color green as well. The second item in the bottom row is also supposed to be from Jammy and Kasmir (a Jammu iron-mine seal copied from a Stanley Gibbons catalogue); this seal was temporary used as a stamp (extremely rare), it is usually a 'cancel' in black. Millions of these forgeries were dumped in the market in the 1980's-90's.

The same forgery as in the above collection. The circular frame imperfections are always identical for each value. These are most likely modern forgeries printed in the 1980's. They were printed in red, purple, green, black, blue and yellow.

Some kind of reprints or forgeries.


For Jammu and Kashmir 1866, 'old rectangular' issues, click here or Jammu and Kashmir 1878, 'new rectangular' issues, click here.


'The Stamps of Jammu & Kashmir' by Frits Staal, 1983 (286 pages); covers history, stamps, postal stationary, essays, proofs, reprints and forgeries, telegraphs, fiscals and postmarks. I haven't read this book myself.

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