Home Catalogue index Volume 1 index Volume 2 index
Preview of Stamps Catalogue: VOLUME 2

TURKEY, Miscellaneous

Return To Catalogue - Turkey - Turkey fiscal stamps

Note: on my website many of the pictures can not be seen! They are of course present in the catalogue;
contact me if you want to purchase it.

Postage Due Stamps

Besides the postage due stamps that are in a similar design as the postage stamps (see there), in 1914 some special postage due stamps were issued.

1914 Inscription "CHIFFRE TAXE"

  5 pa red
  20 pa red
  1 Pi blue
  2 Pi grey

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
Value Unused Used Remarks
5 pa c c  
20 pa c c  
1 Pi * *  
2 Pi * *  
Overprinted with text (armistice issue, 1919)

  (red text) on 1 Pi blue

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
Value Unused Used Remarks
1 Pi RR RR  

Provisional issues for the government in Ankara (1920)

Several fiscal stamps were overprinted in 1920 to be used as postage stamps, because of a shortage of ordinary postage stamps, examples:

These stamps often received, next to the ordinary cancel, a prescribed cut (or even more). Damaged stamps are therefore quite usual.

Postal Stationery


1869 Embossed moon, text and value in black

(Crescent in center, four stars in each corner)

  1 Pi yellow
  60 pa brown
  3 Pi orange
  6 Pi lilac

(Star with 'Toughra' in center, inscription "POSTES OTTOMANES" below)

Local issues

1867 "LOCAL-POST D B S R Kustendje& Czernawoda", harbor

This might be a reprint

  20 Pa black on green
Other values exist, but were never officially issued.

The stamps of Kustendje & Czernawoda (Romania) were used for post of the Danube and Black Sea Railway (DBSR) Co.The post formed a link between Kustendje (Constanza), the Danube Steam Navigation Co`s.mail - boats and the Austrian Lloyd, accelerating the service from Central Europe to the Levant. Stamps used on letters from Kustendje or Czernawoda passed as loose letters over the railway and are found in combination with stamps of Austrian Italy. The territory belonged to Turkey at that time.
Reprints exists (3 different reprints were made around 1890 by M.Kaiser in Vienna, source http://www.romaniastamps.com/local/localpost.htm) on several other colors of paper (blue, orange, pink and yellow). According to that site, three cancels (all circular) are known on these stamps:
1) "LLOYD AGENZIE KUSTENDJE" with day and month
2) "KUSTENDJE TURQUIE" with day, month and year
3) "KUSTENDJE" with day, month and year.

Reprint with line connecting the bottom of the 'R' of 'DBSR' to the frameline to the right of it. Not all reprints have this line, but if such a line is present, it is surely a reprint.

Reprints in non-existing colors.

Forgeries exist:

Two imperforate forgeries (Fournier?)

Fournier(?) forgeries as well.

The above forgeries have too prominent rays below the star. The ship above the second 'A' of 'PARAS' is connected to the frameline below it.

A Spiro(?) forgery exists with no "-" between "LOCAL" and "POST". I have no image right now.

At least 3 other forgeries exist with no dot behind "CZERNAWODA". Two of them with a too large star of which in one forgery the star touches the moon.

Cut from a Gray catalogue Cut from a de Torres catalogue
Forgery as well, note the strange "S" in "POST" and "PARAS" and the too broad Arabic values in the corners. This forgery is identical to the image provided in the John Edward Gray 'The Illustrated Catalogue of Postage Stamps' of 1870 on page 185. The catalogue of de Torres "Album Illustrado para Sellos de Correo" of 1879 contains the same image on page 114! (information passed to me thanks to Gerhard Lang, 2016).

Literature: S. Ringstrom and H.E. Tesler "The Private Ship Letter Stamps of the World Part 2".


1866 Inscription "POSTE LOCALE Service Mixte Taxe Ext: Taxe Int: TOTAL."

I'm not sure if this type is genuine; dot after "Mixte", ":" after "Ext" and "Int" and dot after "TOTAL".

  10 pa black on yellow
  20 pa black on lilac
  1 pi red
  2 pi blue

Forgeries? unissued stamps? 1 pi black:

Probably a forgery, two horiztonal bars are missing, with ":" behind "Ext" and "Int".

With dots behind "Taxe Ext" and "Taxe int" and two horizontal bars missing.

Another type with two horizontal bars missing, dots behind "Taxe Ext" and "Taxe Int", but with different "S" of "Service"

With dots behind "Taxe Ext" and "Taxe int", "S" of "Service" peculiar.

Forgery made by Fournier (with "FAUX" overprint), image taken from a 'Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries' (reduced size). For another example see the Fournier Album page in the next set of stamps.

I've also seen this type without any manual inscriptions. The dots behind "Ext", "Int" and "TOTAL" are vertically aligned.

":" behind "Ext" and "Int" and no dot behind "TOTAL"

Dots behind "Taxe Ext", "Taxe int" and "TOTAL". "t" of "int" under "x" of "Ext" (reduced sized image)

The book of Hurt & Williams states that there are 13 types of forgeries. I haven't seen this book myself, so I can't say if any of the above stamps is genuine. In a previous(?) version of Hurt & Williams that I've seen it is stated that they also don't know which stamps are genuine despite the fact that 'they have spared no effort to obtain such information'. They also mention that these stamps were usually not cancelled. If anybody has more information concerning the genuine stamps, please contact me!


Inscription "POSTE LOCALE", moon and star

  5 pa black on blue
  20 pa black on green
  40 pa black on lilac

These stamps were used by the Liannos Post in Constantinople (now called Istanbul). This post began at the suggestion of the Turkish Government, which admitted itself incapability of organising a satisfactory postal service in Constantinople and its surroundings. It was authorised by Imperial Decree, dated August 15-1865, and the service was inaugurated on December 1st of that year. Though intended to be a local service, letters were also forwarded abroad.

Fournier Album with forgeries.

Fournier offers forgeries of these stamps.. He offers them for 1 Swiss Franc (the whole serie) as second choice forgeries. They were probably made by Spiro:

Two forgeries taken from a Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries, reduced sizes.

40 paras forgery (same as the Fournier forgery above); in this forgery on of the rays does not end up exactly in the upper left and right corner (as they do in the genuine stamp).

Spiro? forgeries. The bottom right "5" has a curl. The second stamp has a "CORREOS" cancel.

The same(?) forgery of the 5 pa with the Arabic "5"s in the upper corners (the circular like sign) different from the genuine stamps.

I know of another forgery, where the value in arabic is wrongly indicated (all the same as the 5 pa value):

20 pa with wrong upper Arabic value inscriptions; reduced size.

Similar forgeries

Another forgery of the 20 pa value.

I've been told that the next postal stationary with inscription "JOURNx EN FRANCHISE" and "P.P." both with arabic text was also issued by Liannos, I have no further information:

I've seen this cut out in the colors: black on grey, black on green and black on yellow.

'P.P.' in a circle, I've seen it in the colors black on green, black on yellow and black on lilac.


1870 T.B. Morton & Co

  1/2 pi green (for newspapers)
  1 pi red (for books)
  2 pi blue (for letters)

I've seen all values cancelled with a red or black grid cancel.

Forgery, lettering different, unissued colors 2 pi red on yellow imperforate.

I don't know when the following stamp was issued (2 different designs), they were described in The Philatelic Journal, 5th March 1872, page51-52:

The word 'Journal' is overprinted in orange with 'LETTER'

Some postal stationary of the Morton Shipping co (issued in 1869), the inscription reads "CONSTANTINOPLE & DANUBE LINE OF STEAMER T.B.MORTON & Co. FRANCO LETTER POST". I have seen them in two types, with or without a ship in the design and in several colours. The colour depends on the origin of the postal stationary.

"FRANCO: with no ship: supposed to be black on lilac (Galatz and Tulsana), black on blue (Idraila)?

I've seen red, black on lilac and red on blue (Idraila)


1859 'Officio postale vapori ammir agliato', steam ship company:

RPS Certified genuine

Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com
Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com

(Could be forgeries)

The value is always inscribed manually.


1868 Asia Minor S.S.Co (Steam Ship Company); one Piastre and 2 Piastres

Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com Image reproduced with permission from: http://www.sandafayre.com

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
Value Unused Used Remarks
1 Pi RRR RRR  
2 Pi RRR RRR  

Various overprints

Mount Athos, stamps of Turkey, overprinted with a triangle with three letters in the corners:

Overprints for local use in Constantinopel:

Both the Mount Athos and the Constantinopel overprint seem to be merely cancels. Nevertheless, these overprints are known to have been forged, for example, by the forger Fournier:

Forged overprint as found in 'The Fournier Album of Philatelic Forgeries'

Provisional issue

Provisional issue for Kilis (Cilicie, 1921)

  1 Pi violet

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
Value Unused Used Remarks
1 Pi R R  


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer