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TURKEY 1863-1875

Türkei - Turquie

Return To Catalogue - Turkey overview

Note: on my website many of the pictures can not be seen! They are of course present in the cd's;
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For the Turkey 1863 issue, click here.

1865 Star and moon, text in black

10 pa brown??? 10 pa green 20 pa yellow 20 pa yellow

In total 4 (5 if the next issue is included) different types of the black inscription exist, recognizable with the upper part of the text.

  10 pa green
  10 pa brown
  10 pa lilac
  20 pa yellow
  20 pa green (2 types)
  1 Pi lilac (2 types)
  2 Pi yellow (2 types)
  2 Pi blue (2 types)
  2 Pi red
  5 Pi red (2 types)
  5 Pi blue
  25 Pi red (2 types)
  25 Pi yellow

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
20 pa yellow
(1865 Type 1, compare upper black text, perforation 12 1/2)
10 pa green****** 
20 pa yellow** 
1 Pi lilac****** 
2 Pi blue**** 
5 Pi red***** 
25 Pi redRRRR 

20 pa yellow
(1867 Type 2, perforation 12 1/2)

10 pa green (olive)** 
20 pa yellow (orange) ****** 
1 Pi lilac****** 
2 Pi blue*** 
5 Pi red*** 
25 Pi redRRRRRR 

(1869 Type 3, badly locally printed perforation 13 1/2, 10 pa also 12 1/2)


(1869 Type 3, badly locally printed, rough irregular perforation)

10 pa brown****Exists with perforation 12 1/2: ***
10 pa lilacRRRROnly exist with irregular perforation
20 pa green**** 
1 Pi yellow** 
2 Pi red** 
5 Pi blue*** 
25 Pi yellowRRRR 


(1873 Type 4, perforation 13 1/2)

10 pa lilac**** 
20 pa green**** 
1 Pi yellowRR*** 
Postage due stamps, other colours (1865)

2 Pi brown, brown border

  20 pa brown (with black text, 2 types)
  20 pa brown (with brown border and text, 1868)
  1 Pi brown (with black text)
  1 Pi brown (with brown border and text, 1868)
  2 Pi brown (with black text)
  2 Pi brown (with brown border and text, 1868)
  5 Pi brown (with black text)
  5 Pi brown (with brown border and text, 1868)
  25 Pi brown (with black text)
  25 Pi brown (with brown border and text, 1868)

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
Type 1, perforation 12 1/2
20 pa ** 
1 Pi ** 
2 Pi ****** 
5 Pi ***** 
25 Pi***R 
Type 2, perforation 12 1/2
20 pa****** 
1 Pi** 
2 Pi****** 
5 Pi****** 
25 PiRRRRRR 
Type 3, perforation 13 1/2 or irregularly perforated, with brown border
20 pa**** 
1 Pi**** 
2 Pi*** 
5 Pi**** 
25 PiRR 

1876 Type 5, more dense text

  10 pa lilac
  20 pa green
  20 pa grey (1881)
  1 Pi yellow
  2 Pi red (1881)


(Unissued 25 Pi)

A 5 Pi and 25 Pi were prepared, but not issued?

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
10 pacc 
20 pa green cc 
20 pa grey** 
1 Picc 
2 Picc 

Surcharged and more dense text

'1/4 Pre' on 10 pa lilac '1 1/4 Pre' on 50 pa red '5 Pres' on 5 Pi blue

  '1/4 Pre' on 10 pa lilac
  '1/2 Pre' on 20 pa green
  '1 1/4 Pre' on 50 pa red
  '2 Pres' on 2 Pi brown
  '5 Pres' on 5 Pi blue

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
1/4 Pre on 10 pa**I've seen this stamp with inverted black text
1/2 Pre on 20 pa**I've seen this stamp with inverted black text
1 1/4 Pre on 50 pa *** 
2 Pres on 2 Pi****** 
5 Pres on 5 Pi*****I've seen this stamp with inverted black text

Overprinted with a 'beetle' like text (1917)


(With 'beetle' overprint)

On type 1 of 1865
  20 pa yellow (red overprint)
  1 Pi lilac (or grey, red overprint)
  2 Pi blue (red overprint)
  5 Pi red

On postage due stamps (type 1) of 1865 (blue overprint)
  20 pa brown
  1 Pi brown
  2 Pi brown
  5 Pi brown
  25 Pi brown

On type 2 of 1867
  5 Pi red

On type 3 of 1869
  2 Pi red (perforation 13 1/2, blue overprint)
  5 Pi blue (local rough irregular perforation)
  25 Pi yellow (local rough irregular perforation, blue overprint)

On postage due stamp of 1869 (type 3)
  5 Pi brown (perforation 13 1/2, blue overprint)

On type 4 of 1873
  10 pa lilac (blue overprint)

On type 5 of 1876
  10 pa lilac (blue overprint)
  20 pa green (red overprint)
  20 pa grey (blue overprint)
  1 Pi yellow (blue overprint)
  2 Pi red (blue overprint)
  1/4 Pi on 10 pa lilac (blue overprint)
  1/2 Pi on 20 pa green (red overprint)
  1 1/4 Pi on 50 pa red (blue overprint)

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
On type 1
20 pa RR 
1 Pi RR 
2 PiRR 
5 PiRR 
On postage due stamps (type 1)
20 paRR 
1 PiRR 
2 PiRR 
5 PiRR 
25 PiRR 
On type 2
5 PiRR 
On type 3
2 PiRR 
5 PiRR 
25 PiRRRR 
On postage due stamp, type 3
5 PiRRRR 

On type 4

10 pa RRRR 
On type 5
10 paRR 
20 pa greenRR 
20 pa greyRR 
1 Pi RR 
2 PiRR 
1/4 Pi on 10 paRR 
1/2 Pi on 20 pa RR 
1 1/4 Pi on 50 pa RR 


(Error of colour 1 Pi red; the colour of the 25 Pi)

Typical cancel:


(Typical cancel used in Tokat)


(Stamp used in Chio, Greece)

Forgeries, examples:


(Reduced sizes)

Note that the star above the moon is not nicely symmetric, it has a longer lower right foot.

Another forgery is described in 'The Spud Papers': the '5 Pres' on 5 Pi blue; in each corner there is an arabic '5' (an 'o' like figure), this figure is surrounded by an octogonal frame consisting of a white line in the originals. In this particular forgery however, it is a white circular line.

The next forgery has the 'o's (which are actually '5's in Arabic) much wider than in the genuine stamps:


(Forgery with wide 'o's)

Another forgery:

I know that the Spiro brothers made forgeries of at least the following values: 1 Pi brown, 5 Pi brown, '1/4 Pre' on 10 pa lilac, '1/2 Pre' on 20 pa green, '1 1/4 Pre' on 50 pa red, '2 Pres' on 2 Pi brown and '5 Pres' on 5 Pi blue. I do not know which of the above forgeries is a Spiro forgery. I've seen whole sheets of 25 stamps of these forgeries.


(Forgeries of the surcharged stamps)

 

For issues of Turkey from 1876 to 1900, click here.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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