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Preview of Stamps Catalogue CD : VOLUME 2

RUMANIA 1865-1920

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1865 Prince Cuza facing the right, imperforated, inscription 'POSTA ROMANA FRANCO', value in parales

Type I Type II

  2 p yellow
  5 p blue
  20 p red

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
2 pRRR 
5 p***RRR 
20 p****** 

Cancels:

For the specialist; there are two types of the 20 p, one with the oval with the king touching the frame at the bottom and another one, where the oval does not touch the frame at the bottom.

Forgeries exist, examples:

Forgery! Forgery!


(Reduced sizes)

The cancels are an easy way to distinguish these forgeries. Other fancy cancels exist (such as dots arranged in squares or lines, or parallel lines). These forgeries are described in 'The Spud Papers I'. In the genuine 2 p yellow, the '2' in the left lower corner should not be placed in the center of the rectangle, but slightly to the left. The head is too small in the forgeries and the 'O' of 'FRANCO' has a flat bottom. In the 5 p blue forgery, the lattice work background is too strong and the letters are badly formed. Three of the '5' s are too flat. There is a white dot in the hair on the forehead. The 20 p forgery has the figures of value too tall. The top of the '2' in the upper left corner almost touches the frame (it should touch it). The inscription 'DOUA DECI PAR' is badly visible in the forgery. In all three values the head looks different from the genuine stamps. These forgeries were also sold by Fournier (he also offered more dangerous forgeries of these stamps, by the way).

There is also a forgery of the 20 p with inscription 'DOUA PARALE' instead of 'DOUA DECI PAR'.

Other, more dangerous forgeries exist, some with the dot missing under the 'S' of 'POSTA'.

Unissued stamps with 'POSTA ROMANA' on top with the portrait of Prince Cuza in a circle exist, they were prepared in 1866. Examples:


(Reduced sizes)

 

1866 Carol I facing the left, imperforated, inscription 'POSTA ROMANA', value in parales

genuine? Type I Type II

  2 p black on yellow
  5 p black on blue
  20 p black on lilac

For the specialist: there are two types of the 20 p, type I with the zig-zag line on the right hand top side beginns from below the '2', and type II where it starts from below the '0'.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
2 p****** 
5 pRRRRR 
20 p****** 

Genuine stamps have the following characteristics according to 'Distinghuishing Characteristics of Classic Stamps, Europe - 19th Century, (except old German States) by Hermann Schloss':
* Both letters 'A' of 'ROMANA' have accents over them, in the 2 p and 5 p values these accents touch the frame line, however, in the 20 p value they don't
* The ear should have three shade lines in it.

Forgeries:


(Angry Carol, sorry bottom part missing)

Forgeries exist, some of them are described in 'The Spud Papers I'. One forgery is known as 'angry Carol' since the King looks very angry. I know that Fournier sold this forgery (I think it was actually made by Spiro). Also note that the zig-zag line on both sides is not large enough.

In the above forgery the zig-zag line on both sides is very thick. The head of the 'S' of 'POSTA' is small, there are also differences in the other letters. The face of the king looks as if it is slanting backwards (compared to a genuine stamp).

Other forgeries are known, among them one with a very strange face of the king and two with the beard of the king smaller, the next stamp could be one of these forgeries:


(Beard smaller, forgery?)

 

1868 Carol I facing the left, imperforated, inscription 'POSTA ROMANA' at the top, value in BANI

  2 b orange
  3 b violet
  4 b blue
  18 b red

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
2 b****** 
3 b***R 
4 bRRRR 
18 bRR*** 

In the genuine copies there should be a dot above the 'I' of 'BANI' (but sometimes it is very small). There must be a dot just below the 'S' of 'POSTA'. One forgery is known as 'angry Carol' (as in the 1866 issue) since the King looks very angry. I know that Fournier sold this forgery (I think it was actually made by Spiro). At least 14 different kinds of forgeries exist.


('Angry Carol forgery', reduced size)


(Other forgeries)

I don't quite trust the next stamp, there is no dot below the 'S' of 'POSTA':


(Forgery?)



(Forgeries, reduced sizes)

The ornaments at the left and right are not similar to the genuine stamps, especially in the lower left corner; the square coming from the left does not go far enough to the right. There is also a white line at the neck of the King.

 

1868 Carol I facing the left, with SMALL beard, imperforated, inscription 'POSTA ROMANA' besides the head, value in BANI

  5 b orange
  10 b blue
  15 b red
  25 b orange and blue
  50 b blue and red

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
5 bRRRR 
10 bRR 
15 bRRR 
25 bRRR 
50 bRRR 

Forgeries, examples:

Fournier forgeries:

These Fournier forgeries are quite deceptive:

In the 5 b Fournier forgery, the second 'C' of 'CINCI' is thinner at the top. In his 10 b forgery, the 'I' of 'BANI' has a stroke on the top that is too long. Note that the 'A' of 'POSTA' in the 15 b Fournier forgery is different (shorter foot stroke). In the 25 b genuine stamp, there should be a roofs on top of the 'M' of 'ROMANIA'. In the 50 b the foot of the 'R' should be quite short, in the Fournier forgeries it is very wide, the chin of the King is also different.


(Dangerous forgery, the 'C' of 'DECI' is slanting and the '5' in the lower right corner has a flaw at the top)

Other forgeries:

Forgery! Forgery?
(Reduced sizes)

A forgery of the 50 b exists, with the top ornaments similar to the 5 b stamp. More information (with pictures) on this forgery can be found at: http://home.no.net/bhb1/ro-f01e.htm.

 

1871 Carol I facing the left, with FULL beard, inscription 'POSTA ROMANA' besides the head, value in BANI

Imperforate

10 b blue

  5 b orange
  10 b yellow
  10 b blue
  15 b red
  25 b brown
  50 b blue and red

Perforated

  5 b red
  10 b blue
  25 b brown

The perforation of the perforated stamps is 12 1/2.

Value of the stamps

vc = very common
c  = common
*  = not so common
** = uncommon
*** = very uncommon
R   = rare
RR  = very rare
RRR = extremely rare
ValueUnusedUsedRemarks
Imperforate
5 bRR 
10 b yellow RRR 
10 b blueRRRR 
15 bRRRRR 
25 bRRR 
50 bRRRRRR 
Perforated
5 bRRR 
10 bRRR 
25 b****** 

Forgeries exist of these stamps. Examples:


(Forgeries)

 

For issues of Rumania after 1872 click here.


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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