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NEW HEBRIDES (NOUVELLES HEBRIDES)

Condominium of France and Great Britain

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I have seen some stamps of New South Wales (2 1/2 p 1891 and 2 1/2 p blue 1897 issue) used in New Hebrides.

Stamps of Fiji and New Caledonia overprinted 'NOUVELLES HEBRIDES' or 'NEW HEBRIDES'

1908 French issue, stamps of New Caledonia overprinted

Overprinted 'NOUVELLES HEBRIDES'

Cagu bird
  5 c green
  10 c red

Harbor of Noumea

  25 c blue (surcharged red)
  50 c red on orange

Sailship


(Reduced size)

  1 F blue on green (surcharged red)

Surcharged:
  '5 c.' on 50 c red on orange

Overprinted 'NOUVELLES HEBRIDES CONDOMINIUM'

Cagu bird
  5 c green
  10 c red
Harbor of Noumea
  25 c blue (surcharged red)
  50 c red on orange
Sailship
  1 F blue on green (surcharged red)
Surcharged

10 c on 25 c blue

  '5 c.' on 50 c red on orange
  '10 c.' on 25 c blue

Are the following stamps bogus issues?

1908 British issue, stamps of Fiji overprinted

Overprinted 'New Hebrides CONDOMINIUM', 'N' 'H' and 'C' larger

1 p red 1 Sh green and red

  1/2 p darkgreen and lightgreen
  1 p red
  2 p lilac and orange
  2 1/2 p blue on blue
  5 p lilac and green
  6 p lilac and red
  1 Sh green and red

Overprinted 'NEW HEBRIDES CONDOMINIUM'

  1/2 p green
  1 p red
  2 p grey
  2 1/2 p blue
  5 p lilac and green
  6 p lilac and violet
  1 Sh black on green

1911 Arms

British issue, inscription 'NEW HEBRIDES':

  1/2 p green
  1 p red
  2 p grey
  2 1/2 p blue
  5 p green
  6 p lilac
  1 Sh black on green
  2 Sh purple on blue
  5 Sh green on yellow

Surcharged

  '1 d.' on 1/2 p green
  '1 d.' on 5 p green
  '1 d.' on 1 Sh black on green
  '1 d.' on 2 Sh purple on blue
  '1 d.' on 5 Sh green on yellow
  '3 d.' on 1 p red
  '5 d.' on 2 1/2 p blue
  '10 c.' on 5 p green

French issue, inscription 'NOUVELLES HEBRIDES'
  5 c green
  10 c red
  20 c grey
  25 c blue
  30 c brown on yellow
  40 c red on yellow
  50 c olive
  75 c orange
  1 F red on blue
  2 F violet
  5 F red on green

Surcharged

'2 d.' on 40 c red on yellow
(Reduced size)

  '2 d.' on 40 c red on yellow
  '5 c.' on 40 c red on yellow
  '10 c.' on 5 c green
  '20 c.' on 30 c brown on yellow
  '30 c.' on 10 c red
  '50 c.' on 25 c blue

1925 Arms, value in british (pence) and french (centimes) on the same stamp

Inscription 'NOUVELLES HEBRIDES'

  5 c, 1/2p black
  10 c, 1 p green
  20 c, 2 p grey
  25 c, 2 1/2 p brown
  30 c, 3 p red
  40 c, 4 p red on yellow
  50 c, 5 p blue
  75 c, 7 1/2 p brown
  1 F, 10 p red on blue
  2 F, 1 Sh 8 p lilac
  5 F, 4 Sh red on green

Inscription 'NEW HEBRIDES'

  5 c, 1/2 p black
  10 c, 1 p green
  20 c, 2 p grey
  25 c, 2 1/2 p brown
  50 c, 5 p blue
  60 c, 6 p lilac
  1.25 F, 1 Sh black on green
  2.50 F, 2 Sh purple on blue
  6.25 F, 5 Sh green on yellow

Some of these stamps exist with overprint 'CHIFFRE TAXE' or 'POSTAGE DUE' to serve as postage due stamps (issued 1925).

Later issues, example:


(Reduced size)


Forged cancels

 

The Alavoine Fake (information obtained with permission from http://ro-klinger.de/NH/ made by Roland Klinger)

A jeweller from Sydney, named Alavoine made a forged cancel 'PORT VILLA NELLES HEBRIDES 16 NOV 11'. Stamps cancelled with it were sold by a dealer. On the above mentioned website examples can be found on stamps of Fiji, Victoria, New South Wales and the 'Syndicat Francais' stamps. The best criteria to identify the fake are the malformed P of "PORT", the out of the circle dash left of the S of "HEBRIDES" and the date "16 NOV 11".


Local stamps

Locals stamps; inscription 'The Australasian New Hebrides company limited Port villa Interisland postage' (1897), two values exist 1 p red and black and 2 p brown and blue. The other 3 stamps in the first image and the stamp in the second image have the inscription 'POSTE LOCALE SYNDICAT FRANCAIS'. They were issued in 1903.

Image obtained thanks to Roland Klinger
(Reduced sizes)

In 1892, the Australasian New Hebrides Company, took on the responsibility for handling mails for the NSW Postal Agency, the local manager being appointed postal agent. In 1896, it issued their its own commercial notes. By 1897, because of changes in trade and increased competition by the French and their well-subsidised shipping, the Company decided to charge for delivering letters between the islands, Vila and Sydney.The NSW government objected to this last, as the Company was already receiving a subsidy for delivering mail between Vila and Sydney, but left the question of charging delivery for inter-island letters up to the Company. Two stamps had already been printed for the purpose. They were issued on 17 March 1897. The Company eventually failed, with Burns, Philp & Co. Ltd. taking over its assets, including the remainders of the stamps, on 30 September 1897. On 1 September 1900, Burns, Philp & Co. Ltd. took on a 10-year subsidised agreement to carry cargo and mail, and the use of the locals was specifically forbidden under the terms of the subsidy. The Government of the Commonwealth and the Presbyterian Mission both contributed a subsidy. The remainders of the locals (140,000 1d, 94,000 2d) were sold by tender in 1913 to T.H. Nicolle, a Sydney stamp dealer. There is no doubt that these locals were genuinely issued to prepay postage. However, there are relatively few used singles bearing cancellations dated prior to August 1897, and no commercial covers are known. Copies dated after 30 September 1897 are likely to be philatelically used."The islands called at were Anietyum (Aneityum), Aniwa, Aoba, Aurora, Epi, Erromanga, Futuna, Mai, Nguna, Pentecost, Tongariki, Tonga (Tongoa), Sandwich and Vannaleva (Vanna Luava), also at times other islands, notably in the Santa Cruz, Banks' and Torres' groups.

Sources: "Billig's Philatelic Handbook", Volume 04, page 205, the names in brackets are those Hals/Collas use on page 39. and: "All about Burns, Philp & Company, Limited, Their Shipping Agencies, Branches & Steamers. John Andrew & Company, Sydney, for Burns, Philp & Co. Ltd., 1903.

After The Australasian New Hebrides Company stopped its services many of the remaining stamps were sold to stamp collectors. Forgeries do not seem to exist. Cancelled to order stamps of this company and manipulated letters do exist.


(Genuinly used stamp?)

The 'Syndicat Francais' stamps were forbidden by the government and the remainders were confiscated (source: http://ro-klinger.de/NH/)


Websites

http://ro-klinger.de/NH/ (made by Roland Klinger, Germany, webmaster New Hebrides Stamps and Postal History); excellent website with much information!


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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