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FRANCE Cancels

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Nice website on this subject: http://www.chez.com/memorial/ani.html

The earliest cancels of France consist of a grid, six-pointed stars, etc. examples:

Privisional cancels of 1849:


(Reduced size, departure cancel used to obliterate the stamp)

The grille cancel was ment to be the earliest cancel of France. However, this cancel was not yet ready in January 1849, when the stamps were introduced. So provisional cancels (even a Maltese cross seems to exist) and pencancels existed during this period. All these provisional marks are rare. Above a picture of a stamp with a departure cancel of Tain (diameter 25 mm). These departure cancels also exist with diameter 21 and 32 mm.

Grille cancel:


(A very rare 10 c tete-beche, image obtained from http://www.sandafayre.com )

The above stamp is a typical example of a grille cancel. This grille cancel was used from January 1849 to January 1852 (in rare cases it was used after 1852). It is normally in black, but red and blue colours seem to exist (I have never seen them). A normal towncancel was supposed to be placed elsewhere on the letter. This cancel is found on the first Ceres stamps (but can also be found occasionally on the Napolean stamps; in 1852 in Paris, in 1860 in Bayonne, in 1853 in Angouleme and in Italy during the occupation of Rome upto 1866; these cancels are very rare).

Continuous grille ('Grille sans fin'):

40 c orange

This cancel looks like the grille cancel described above, but it is 'continuous'. Also, there are only 6 horizontal lines in this cancel (in the normal grille there are 7x7 lines forming a 6x6 lozenges pattern)

Continous rows of dots:

10 c brown typical cancellation


(Reduced size)

Numeral cancels (pattern of dots with number in the center):

Upto about 1862 small number cancels were used. After this new numbers were attributed to the post offices and large number cancels were introduced with these new numbers.

10 c imperforated, typical cancellation
(Small number cancel)

Some numerals with their corresponding towns (small number):
1: Abbeville
209: Avignon
511: Brest
578: Caen
601: Cannes
908: Colmar
1102: Dijon
1452: Grenoble
1730: Limoges
1817: Lyon
1818: Lyon
1855: Le Mans
1896: Marseille
1977: Metz
2128: Montpellier
2199: Mulhouse
2221: Nantes
2272: Nimes
2273: Niort
2340: Orleans
2388: Pau
3176: St.Malo
3383: Toulouse
3703: Yvre-l'Eveque

A complete list can be found at: http://www.chez.com/memorial/ani.html. Be careful, when the large number cancels were introduced, together with a new numbering system, the small number cancels were redistrubuted as well! So the small number cancels can be found used in the town corresponding to the new numbering. On individual stamps, only the date of issue of the stamp can give information on the provenance of the cancel.

Large numbers:


(Large number cancel '6316'; Lyon-Les-Terraux on letter)


('4345' large numeral cancel 'Wissembourg' on cover)

Some numerals with their corresponding towns (large number):
1: Abbeville
249: Auxerre
260: Avignon
359: Bayonne
532: Bordeaux
611: Brest
691: Caen
698: Calais
720: Cannes
1002: Cherbourg
1076: Colmar
1299: Dieppe
1307: Dijon
2005: Lens
2089: Nancy
2145: Lyon (also exists with letters A..F added for suboffices)
2240: Marseille (also exists with letters A..F added for suboffices)
2336: Metz
2502: Montpellier
2578: Mulhouse
2598: Nancy
2601: Nanterre
2602: Nantes
2610: Narbonne
2684: Niort
3103: Reims
3112: Rennes
3219: Rouen
3949: Thonon
3997: Tours
3982: Toulouse
4034: Troyes
4078: Valenciennes
5005: Alger (Algeria)
5051: Oran (Algeria)
6449: Moussey (highest number)

A complete list can be found at: http://www.chez.com/memorial/ani.html

Special numeral cancels used in post offices abroad on stamps of France:

5 Fr grey cancellation '5104'
(Large number cancel)
Town: Small numberLarge number
Basel (Switzerland)37055081
Galatz40085085
Braila40095087
Yokohama (Japan)-5118
Constanza-5139
Tripolos -5264
Alexandria (Egypt)37045080
Cairo (Egypt)-5119
Port Said (Egypt)-5129
Suez (Egypt)37095105
Shanghai (China)4013 (only used
a very short time)
5104
Tanger (Morocco)-5106
Volos (Turkey)4019-
Alexandrette (Turkey)37665079
Beirut (at that time in Turkey)37065082
Constantinopel (Istanbul, Turkey) 37075083
Dardanelles37085084
Gallipoli37675086
Rodosto-5086
Ineboli40105088
Jaffa (at that time in Turkey)37685089
Cerasunt40115090
Ladicte37695091
Mersina37705092
Mytilene37715093
Rhodos37725094
Salonici40125095
Samsoun40135096
Sinope40145097
Smyrna37095098
Sulima40155099
Trebizonde40165100
Tripolis (Syria)37735101
Tulza (Rumania)40175102
Varna (Bulgaria)40185103
Enos-5153
Port Lagos-5154
Dedeagatz-5155
Cavalle-5156
Galata-5243
   

Example: stamps used in Constantinopel (Turkey):


(Zoom-ins)


(Stamps used in Salonici, '5095', Suez, '5105' and Tripoli '5101')


('5104': Shanghai)

In 1876 normal cancels with townname and date were used and numeral cancels were no longer used.


(Trebizonde cancel)

Special cancels (travelling railroad post office):


('PN', Paris-Nantes and 'BP1e', Bordeauz-Paris 1e cancel)


('MLSE' Marseille-Lyon)


(Reduced size, 'P LIL', Paris-Lille)


('NP' Nantes a Paris cancel on cover)

I have also seen a similar cancel with 'P ORL' (Paris-Orleans). There are many more letter combinations, see for a list of all of them: http://www.chez.com/memorial/ani.html

There also exist cancels with letters in the center, examples:

1 F red
(KS1, K and DS2 cancel)

They were used in Paris, the following exists: A, AS, AS2, AS3, B, BS, BS1, BS2, C, CS, CS1, CS2, CS3, C2, C3, D, DS, DS1, DS2, DS3, E, ES, ES1, ES2, F, FS, FS1, FS2, G, H, HS, HS1, HS2, HS3, HS4, J, JS, JS1, K, KS, KS1, KS2, L, M and N. Two types exist, with small letters or with larger letters (not all letters exist in all types). They were used from 1852 to 1863.

Paris star cancels

In Paris a 6-pointed star (so-called 'etoile de Paris') was used with a number in the center from 1863 to 1875. The number varies from '1' to '39'. Multiple-star cancels also seem to exist (more stars next to each other). Example of some star cancels:


(Star cancel '22' on envelope, reduced size)


('Etoile de Paris' 24, 'Rue de Clery', reduced size)

A nice website on these cancels can be found on: http://perso.wanadoo.fr/jef.estel/Sommaire.htm (in French). The most important post offices had the lowest number. First 35 numbers existed, but in 1866 5 new numbers were added. Some numbers and their post offices: 1: Place de la Bourse, 2: Rue St-Lazare (in November 1873 changed to Rue Milton), 3: Place de la Madeleine, 4: Rue d'Enghien, etc. etc. There also exist stars without any number, examples:

20 c imperforated, typical cancellation: Star

'OR' cancel (Origine Rurale) and 'OL' (Origine Locale):

A similar cancel 'OL' (Origine Locale) exists (two types: with solid circle and dotted circle). The 'OR' cancel was already introduced in 1836 before stamps were issued. The 'OL' cancel was introduced in 1868 (both types).

Anchor with dots cancel (Seepost):

Anchor cancels
(Anchor cancels)

The anchor cancels were used on French paquebots. This cancel can be found also on stamps of the French Colonies. These cancels were first used in 1857, they are usually in black, but blue and red cancels seem to exist (I have never seen them).

The forger Fournier has used forged cancels, examples of these forged cancels:

Fournier has also used other forged cancels. Fournier used these cancels on his forgeries. I don't have any further information at this moment.

 


Par Ballon Monté

During the siege of Paris by the Germans (1870), some letters were transported by a hot air balloon. They have the overprint (either manual or with a cancel): 'PAR BALLON MONTE'. Letters with such marks are sought after and rare. Examples:


(Images obtained from a Francois Feldman auction)


Entrymarks

These marks were placed on letters from abroad. Example, for a letter from Switzerland (with enlarged red entrymark 'SUISSE ANNECY'):


French stamps with foreign cancels

The above French stamps was cancelled in Barcelona 'ADMON DE CAMBIO 0 09 BARCELONA'. Such cancels were used on shipletters. Also the cancel 'ESTRANGERO BARCELONA' in two straight lines can be found. Similar cancels seem to exist from Alicante, Cadiz, Valencia and other towns (I have never seen them).

British cancels also seem to have been occasionally used on French stamps:


(Two stamps cancelled in Malta)


The next stamps from Sardinia were used in Aix Les Bains in 1857, when this town was still under Italian influence:

Certified genuine


Copyright by Evert Klaseboer

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